The First of the Singer Songwriters: Key Cuts 1924-1946

Editorial Reviews

All Music Guide - Steve Leggett
Its title aside which suggests that Hoagy Carmichael was a some distant forerunner of Jackson Browne or Dar Williams, a case that would be both difficult and a little absurd to make, there's no doubt that this four-disc, 101-track collection from English reissue label JSP is carefully and lovingly assembled, and it outlines an impressive and amazing legacy. Carmichael was technically a singer/songwriter, of course, in the sense that he was quite capable of performing his songs at a commercial level, and he certainly had a public persona as an unassuming, laid-back, slightly world weary but jivin' jazz cat out of Indiana, but his songs didn't depend on that persona in ...
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Editorial Reviews

All Music Guide - Steve Leggett
Its title aside which suggests that Hoagy Carmichael was a some distant forerunner of Jackson Browne or Dar Williams, a case that would be both difficult and a little absurd to make, there's no doubt that this four-disc, 101-track collection from English reissue label JSP is carefully and lovingly assembled, and it outlines an impressive and amazing legacy. Carmichael was technically a singer/songwriter, of course, in the sense that he was quite capable of performing his songs at a commercial level, and he certainly had a public persona as an unassuming, laid-back, slightly world weary but jivin' jazz cat out of Indiana, but his songs didn't depend on that persona in order to get across, and that, more than anything, sets him apart from most if not all of the so-called singer/songwriters of the present day. Carmichael is also different than the other great American jazz and pop song stylists of his time like the Gershwins, Cole Porter and Irving Berlin in a couple of important ways. He didn't necessarily need a lyricist, for one, although he worked frequently with great ones like Johnny Mercer, Mitchell Parish, Frank Loesser and Stuart Gorrell, and his songs only occasionally had romance as a central theme, preferring instead to deal with places, times and mindsets, with a song like "Georgia on My Mind" being a perfect example. It's a love song, certainly, but it is a love song to a place, and more specifically, to a place in time, and as the title states a place in mind. Even Carmichael's most famous composition, "Stardust," isn't so much a song about love as it is a song about thinking about a song about love, which makes it a love song one step removed. Songs like "Rockin' Chair," "Lazy River" and "In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening" may be romantic in tone but they aren't love songs in any normal sense. Perhaps this is why Carmichael's melodies also do so well as instrumentals, since they depend more on mood, time and feel than any kind of romantic plot line. At the very least, Carmichael's songs are extremely versatile, which this expansive anthology makes clear. There are nine different versions of "Stardust" here done in almost every conceivable way including by Carmichael himself, and almost that many versions of "Georgia on My Mind." The list of bandleaders compiled here tackling Carmichael tunes is simply mind blowing, including sides by Frank Trumbauer, Red Nichols, Paul Whiteman, Eddie Lang, Irving Mills, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, the Dorsey Brothers, Isham Jones and Bennie Moten, among many others. Songs are done fast, slow, and in-between, with sung lyrics and without them. They always work. Carmichael is featured singing and performing his own melodies on maybe a dozen tracks, and while his versions may not be -- and usually aren't -- the most definitive, they are in some ways the most revealing, as his everyman Joe perception of his work shines clear as a desk bell in that slightly weary and amused voice he had. This is a marvelous anthology, but it may be a bit too much for casual listeners who probably don't need to hear nine versions of "Stardust" to grasp its importance and power, and they may be better off with a single-disc collection like Bluebird's carefully selected Stardust Melody from 2002. Those interested in a deeper look at Carmichael's own versions of his work can turn to the exhaustive ten-disc In Person 1925-1955 box put out by Avid in 2006 or the wonderfully concise single-disc Hoagy Sings Carmichael from 1956. This set, meanwhile, balances between Carmichael's own versions of his compositions and key versions by other pop and jazz artists recorded between 1926 and 1946. All of these sets are excellent in their own way, framing the legacy of a very unique writer, one who wrote love songs to places and ideas, and in doing so, defined the concept of Americana in the purest sense.
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Product Details

  • Release Date: 6/16/2009
  • Label: Jsp Records
  • UPC: 788065905927
  • Catalog Number: 959
  • Sales rank: 100,911


Disc 1
  1. 1 Riverboat Shuffle (2:37)
  2. 2 Boneyard Shuffle (2:39)
  3. 3 Washboard Blues (3:04)
  4. 4 Washboard Blues - Red Nichols (3:08)
  5. 5 Boneyard Shuffle - Red Nichols (3:08)
  6. 6 Riverboat Shuffle (3:16)
  7. 7 One Night in Havana (2:49)
  8. 8 Stardust (3:06)
  9. 9 When Baby Sleeps (2:26)
  10. 10 Friday Night (3:01)
  11. 11 Washboard Blues - Paul Whiteman (4:31)
  12. 12 So Tired (3:21)
  13. 13 March of the Hoodlums (2:23)
  14. 14 Walkin' the Dog (2:32)
  15. 15 Shim-Me-Sha-Wabble (2:31)
  16. 16 Smile (3:04)
  17. 17 Stardust (3:03)
  18. 18 Stardust (2:28)
  19. 19 March of the Hoodlums (2:53)
  20. 20 Walkin' the Dog (2:45)
  21. 21 Rockin' Chair (3:28)
  22. 22 Harvey - Irving Mills & His Hotsy Totsy Gang (3:11)
  23. 23 Stardust - Irving Mills & His Hotsy Totsy Gang (3:31)
  24. 24 March of the Hoodlums - Irving Mills & His Hotsy Totsy Gang (2:45)
  25. 25 March of the Hoodlums - Eddie Lang & His Orchestra (3:24)
Disc 2
  1. 1 Walkin' the Dog - Eddie Lang (3:07)
  2. 2 What Kind O' Man Is You? - Eddie Lang (3:29)
  3. 3 Rockin' Chair (3:19)
  4. 4 Manhattan Rag (2:57)
  5. 5 Manhattan Rag - Irving Mills & His Hotsy Totsy Gang (2:43)
  6. 6 What Kind O' Man Is You? - Irving Mills & His Hotsy Totsy Gang (3:17)
  7. 7 Barbaric - Irving Mills & His Hotsy Totsy Gang (3:00)
  8. 8 High and Dry - Irving Mills & His Hotsy Totsy Gang (2:38)
  9. 9 My Sweet (3:16)
  10. 10 Stardust (3:26)
  11. 11 Rockin' Chair (3:27)
  12. 12 Georgia on My Mind (3:10)
  13. 13 One Night in Havana (3:26)
  14. 14 Bessie Couldn't Help It (2:54)
  15. 15 Lazy River (3:15)
  16. 16 Papa's Gone Bye-Bye Blues (Jewish Boy Blues) (2:49)
  17. 17 Stardust - Fletcher Henderson & His Orchestra (3:00)
  18. 18 March of the Hoodlums - Duke Ellington (2:56)
  19. 19 Come Easy, Go Easy, Love - Carolina Dandies (2:45)
  20. 20 Georgia on My Mind (3:19)
  21. 21 Lazy River (3:04)
  22. 22 Stardust (3:28)
  23. 23 Georgia on My Mind - Mildred Bailey (3:27)
  24. 24 Washboard Blues - Casa Loma Orchestra (5:02)
Disc 3
  1. 1 Daybreak (3:13)
  2. 2 In the Still of the Night (5:11)
  3. 3 Rockin' Chair (3:02)
  4. 4 After Twelve O'Clock (3:05)
  5. 5 Sing It Way Down Low (2:51)
  6. 6 Thanksgivin' (3:03)
  7. 7 Charlie Two-Step (2:25)
  8. 8 Old Man Harlem (3:21)
  9. 9 Old Man Harlem (2:45)
  10. 10 Snowball (3:16)
  11. 11 Snowball (3:07)
  12. 12 Snowball (2:48)
  13. 13 Lazy Bones (3:03)
  14. 14 Lazy Bones (3:31)
  15. 15 Lazy Bones (3:00)
  16. 16 One Morning in May (2:38)
  17. 17 Stardust (3:28)
  18. 18 Cosmics (3:10)
  19. 19 Washboard Blues (3:23)
  20. 20 Judy (3:00)
  21. 21 One Morning in May (3:18)
  22. 22 Moon Country (Is Home to Me) (3:15)
  23. 23 Moon Country (Is Home to Me) (3:08)
  24. 24 Moon Country (Is Home to Me) (3:03)
  25. 25 Down T' Uncle Bills - Frankie Trumbauer & His Orchestra (2:39)
Disc 4
  1. 1 Thanksgivin' (2:40)
  2. 2 New Orleans - Bennie Moten (2:58)
  3. 3 New Orleans (3:04)
  4. 4 Two Sleepy People (3:10)
  5. 5 New Orleans (3:14)
  6. 6 Hong Kong Blues (2:49)
  7. 7 Riverboat Shuffle (2:44)
  8. 8 Two Sleepy People - Fats Waller (3:07)
  9. 9 Bread and Gravy (2:57)
  10. 10 Stardust (3:14)
  11. 11 Skylark (2:44)
  12. 12 No More Toujours l'Amour (2:58)
  13. 13 Vine Street Parade (2:58)
  14. 14 A World of No Goodbyes - Ray Hendricks (3:19)
  15. 15 Sweet Lorraine (3:04)
  16. 16 The Whale Song (2:24)
  17. 17 How Little We Know (2:30)
  18. 18 Billy-A-Dick (2:32)
  19. 19 Hong Kong Blues (2:31)
  20. 20 Baltimore Oriole (3:00)
  21. 21 Stardust (3:21)
  22. 22 Memphis in June (2:50)
  23. 23 Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief (2:54)
  24. 24 Ginger and Spice (2:29)
  25. 25 Ole Buttermilk Sky (2:40)
  26. 26 Walk It Off (2:57)
  27. 27 It Ain't Gonna Be Like That (3:08)
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Album Credits

Performance Credits
Hoagy Carmichael Primary Artist, Piano, Violin, Celeste, Cornet, Vocals, Soloist
Lonnie Johnson Guitar
Henry "Red" Allen Trumpet
Mildred Bailey Vocals
Paul Barbarin Drums
Danny Barker Guitar
Count Basie Piano
Bunny Berigan Trumpet
Steve Brown String Bass
Eddie Condon Banjo, 5-string Banjo
Bud Freeman Tenor Saxophone
Benny Goodman Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Glen Gray Alto Saxophone
Johnny Hodges Alto Saxophone
Budd Johnson Tenor Saxophone
Spike Jones Drums
Gene Krupa Drums
Eddie Lang Guitar
Albert Nicholas Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Red Norvo Xylophone, Vibes
Pee Wee Russell Clarinet, Alto Saxophone, Tenor Saxophone
Artie Shaw Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Eddie South Violin
Muggsy Spanier Cornet
Rex Stewart Cornet
Maxine Sullivan Vocals
Jack Teagarden Trombone
Joe Venuti Violin
Fats Waller Piano, Vocals
Ethel Waters Vocals
Ben Webster Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
Cootie Williams Trumpet
Red Nichols Trumpet
Luis Russell Piano
Eddie Barefield Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Connee Boswell Vocals
Tyree Glenn Trombone
Nat Gonella Trumpet, Vocals
Pee Wee Hunt Trombone, Vocals
Jack Jenney Trombone
Carl Kress Guitar
Matty Matlock Reeds
Miff Mole Trombone
Benny Morton Trombone
Todd Rhodes Piano
Arnold Ross Piano
Frankie Trumbauer Reeds, C-Melody Saxophone, Vocals
Don Redman Alto Saxophone
Carson Robison Vocals
Coleman Hawkins Tenor Saxophone
Freddy Gardner Clarinet, Alto Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone
Russell Procope Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Al Bowlly Vocals
Roy Smeck Banjo, Guitar
Bubber Miley Trumpet
Red McKenzie Vocals, Comb
Wellman Braud String Bass
Sonny Greer Drums
Walter Page Bass
Bernard Addison Guitar
Louis Armstrong Trumpet, Vocals
Sidney Arodin Clarinet
Herman Autrey Trumpet
Everett Barksdale Guitar
Reginald Beane Piano
Bix Beiderbecke Cornet
Artie Bernstein String Bass
Leroy Berry Guitar
Vic Berton Drums
Jimmy Bertrand Drums
Barney Bigard Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
Larry Binyon Tenor Saxophone
Jack Bland Guitar
Lester Boone Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Perry Botkin Guitar
Tony Briglia Drums
Arnold Brillhardt Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Scoville Brown Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Harry Carney Alto Saxophone
Langston Curl Trumpet
Charles Bud Dant Cornet, Soloist
Kurt Dieterle Violin
Jimmy Dorsey Clarinet, Cornet, Alto Saxophone
Tommy Dorsey Trombone
Duke Ellington Orchestra Piano
Eddie Durham Guitar, Trombone
Fletcher Henderson Piano
Pops Foster String Bass
Fred Guy Banjo
Joe Hall Piano
Henry Hicks Trombone
J.C. Higginbotham Trombone
Teddy Hill Tenor Saxophone
Milt Hinton Bass, Vocals, String Bass
Clarence Holiday Guitar
Charlie Holmes Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Hugo Winterhalter Alto Saxophone
Preston Jackson Trombone
Freddie Jenkins Trumpet
Walter Johnson Drums
Claude Jones Trombone
Slick Jones Drums
Joe Keyes Trumpet
Stan King Drums
Manny Klein Trumpet
Ellis Larkins Piano
Abe Lincoln Trombone
John Lindsay String Bass
Ella Logan Vocals
Willie Lynch Drums
George March Drums
Jack Mayhew Clarinet
Castor McCord Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
"Big" Mike McKendrick Banjo
Willie McWashington Drums
Glenn Miller Trombone
Dan Minor Trombone
Chauncey Morehouse Drums, Vibes
Al Morgan String Bass
Joe "Tricky Sam" Nanton Trombone
George Oldham Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Hot Lips Page Trumpet
Beverly Peer Bass
Yank Porter Drums
Zilner Randolph Trumpet
Bill Rank Trombone
Mischa Russell Violin
Kenny Sargent Clarinet, Alto Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone
Arthur Schutt Piano
Gene Sedric Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
Dee Stewart Trumpet
Jim Taft Bass
Juan Tizol Valve Trombone
Jack Washington Alto Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone
Arthur Whetsol Trumpet
Dave Wilborn Banjo
Cliff Williams Drums
Jack Williams Drums
Victor Young Violin
Sterling Bose Trumpet
Helvetia "Vet" Boswell Vocals
Martha Boswell Piano, Vocals
Wally Gordon Drums
Dick Kent Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Harold Matthews Trombone
Dick McDonough Banjo, Guitar
Harry Wilson String Bass
Dick Robertson Violin, Vocals
Roy Bargy Piano
Jack Russin Piano
Cuba Austin Drums
John Cordaro Reeds
Pat Davis Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
Stanley Dennis Bass, String Bass
Maurice Freedman Tenor Saxophone
Jack Fulton Trombone
Gene Gifford Banjo, Guitar
Bob Gillette Guitar
Harry Goldfield Trumpet
Bill Harty Drums
Bobby Holmes Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Clarence Hutchenrider Clarinet, Alto Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone, Vocals
Mel Jenssen Violin
Clifford King Clarinet
Charlie LaVere Piano
Min Leibrook Bass Saxophone
Matty Malneck Violin, Vibes
Fulton McGrath Piano
John Nesbitt Trumpet
Mike Pingatore Banjo, Guitar
Art Ralston Clarinet, Alto Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone
Billy Rauch Trombone
Andy Secrest Trumpet
Milton Senior Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Antonia Spaulding Piano
Charles Strickfaden Reeds, Bass Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Cedric Wallace Bass
Ed Anderson Trumpet
Johnny Carlson Trumpet
Bobby Lee Jones Trumpet
Charlie Alexander Piano
Jim Johnston String Bass
Sonny Dunham Trumpet
Eddie Mallory Trumpet
Grady Watts Trumpet
Tiny Winters String Bass
Boyce Cullen Trombone
Lew Davis Trombone
Larry Gordon Alto Saxophone
Chester Hazlett Clarinet, Reeds, Alto Saxophone
Harry Jacobson Piano
Hal McDonald Drums, Vibes
Nat Natoli Trumpet
Bert Thomas Guitar
Wilbur Hall Guitar
Walter Johnson Drums
Charlie Margulis Trumpet
Vic Moore Drums
Dick Voynow Piano
Ray Lodwig Trumpet
Herb Quigley Drums
Jimmy Hartwell Clarinet
Mike Trafficante String Bass
Bob Wise Clarinet, Alto Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone
Izzy Friedman Clarinet
Harry Berly Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
Irving Brodsky Piano, Celeste, Vocals
Leo McConville Trumpet
Bobby Stark Trumpet
Fred Murray Trumpet, Cornet, Soloist
Frank Billings Drums
Anita Boyer Vocals
Tom Gonsoulin Trumpet
Lee Howell Trombone
Fritz Hummel Trombone
Bob Mayhew Trumpet
Reginald Pursglove Violin
Cornell Smelser Piano-Accordion
Oliver Suderman Trumpet
Henry Whiteman Violin
Ellis Whiutlock Trumpet
Max Goldberg Trumpet
Mark Sheridan Guitar
Walter Wright Violin
Reg Pink Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
Don Barrigo Tenor Saxophone
Stewart Anderson Reeds
Albert Washington Jr. Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
Al Costi Guitar
Jack Drummond String Bass
John Bowman Violin
George Harper Tenor Saxophone
George W. Thomas Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
Joe Galbreath Banjo
Harry Bason Piano
Maurice Bennett Tenor Saxophone
Reggie Byleth Reeds
Red Ginsler Trombone
Tommy Howell Trumpet
Bob Hutsell Reeds
Joe Lendin Reeds
George Marks Piano
Mel Miller Drums
Oscar Rossberg Trombone
Byron Smart Trumpet
Harold Stokes Piano, Accordion, Piano-Accordion
Gene Woods Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Ray McDermott Clarinet
Eddie Wolfe Violin
Hitch's Happy Harmonists Track Performer
Jimmy Rushing & Friends Vocals
Fred Rollison Cornet
Pierre Olker String Bass
Irving Riskin Piano
Alfie Noakes Trumpet
Nick Galetta Trumpet
Paul Richter Drums
Perry Botkin and His Orchestra Guitar
Lawrence "Bud" Freeman Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone
Earl MacDowell Drums
Andy Anderson Trumpet
Warren Carr Trombone
Fritz Ciccone Guitar
Ray Conolly Trumpet
Bernard Daly Alto Saxophone
Charles Dowling String Bass
Theodore McCord Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Fizz Goodrich Baritone Saxophone
Kerval Chauncey Goodwin Clarinet, Alto Saxophone
Bunny Bardach Tenor Saxophone
Sonny Lee Trombone
Harold Hood Piano
Harry "Buzz" Wernert Banjo, Guitar
Joe Galbraith Banjo
Bill Moore Lucky Seven Band Trumpet
The Russell Smith Orchestra Trumpet
Ray Noonan Trombone
Andy Van Sickle Drums
Harold Keating Tenor Saxophone
Arnold Habbe Banjo
Hannibal Matthews Trombone
Eric Siday Violin
Dick Dickerson Reeds
Technical Credits
Rudy Vallée Composer
J.J. Cale Composer
Hoagy Carmichael Composer, Director, Duet
Rufus Thomas Composer
Glen Gray Director
John Kirby Brass Band
Billy May Arranger, Director
Eddie South Director
Jack Jenney Director
Irving Mills Composer
Ray Noble Arranger, Director
Frankie Trumbauer Director
Don Redman Director
Frank Loesser Composer
Sidney Arodin Composer
Perry Botkin Director
Jack Brooks Composer
Shelton Brooks Composer
Bill Challis Arranger
Duke Ellington Orchestra Director
Harry Goodman Brass Band
Lavert Hutchinson Brass Band
Johnny Mercer Composer
Mitchell Parish Composer
Cole Porter Composer
Jo Trent Composer
Byron Warner Composer
Paul Francis Webster Composer
Spencer Williams Composer
Ralph Escudero Brass Band
Stuart Gorrell Composer
Joe Tarto Brass Band
Dick Robertson Duet
Gene Gifford Arranger
Min Leibrook Brass Band
Matty Malneck Director
Arthur Sizemore Composer
Dick Voynow Composer
Clifford R. Burwell Composer
George A. Little Composer
Jacques Richmond Composer
Harold George Brass Band
Sunny Clapp Composer
Pierre Olker Brass Band
Perry Botkin and His Orchestra Director
Charles A. Bayha Composer
Fred B. Callahan Composer
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