The Fortifications of Ancient Egypt 3000-1780 BC

Overview

During the Old and Middle Kingdoms, Ancient Egypt led the world in the construction of fortifications. The oldest was discovered on Elephantine Island and dates to c.2900 BC. This book investigates over 2,000 years of Egyptian fortification, including both fortified cities and military installations. It covers the most famous sites, including the fortified town of Ayn Asil and the fortress of Buhen. The text also examines the specific defensive structures within the fortifications, including gates, walls, and ...

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Overview

During the Old and Middle Kingdoms, Ancient Egypt led the world in the construction of fortifications. The oldest was discovered on Elephantine Island and dates to c.2900 BC. This book investigates over 2,000 years of Egyptian fortification, including both fortified cities and military installations. It covers the most famous sites, including the fortified town of Ayn Asil and the fortress of Buhen. The text also examines the specific defensive structures within the fortifications, including gates, walls, and towers, and looks at both the operation and social history of these ancient military strongholds. Maps, photographs, and artwork by Brian Delf recreate this long-lost but legendary era, a treat for the eye as well as the mind.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Dr. Vogel has produced a highly readable and interesting work based on the remaining evidence... The reconstructions are excellent with maps indicating the locations of the sites. The author explains, based on remaining evidence and some of her own conclusions, what life was like for the garrisons." - JE Kaufmann, SITE O

"... most archaeologists give [ancient fortifications] ... little attention unless there is something really impressive remaining to work with.  Dr. Vogel has produced a highly readable and interesting work based on the remaining evidence."
- J.E. Kaufmann, SITE O

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781846039560
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing, Limited
  • Publication date: 9/21/2010
  • Series: Fortress Series
  • Pages: 64
  • Sales rank: 1,001,162
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr Carola Vogel received her PhD in Egyptology from the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz. She has a strong background in ancient Egyptian military history and is publishing and lecturing extensively in this field. Her dissertation on Egyptian fortresses and garrisons up to the Middle Kingdom was awarded with the third prize of the renowned Werner von Hahlweg Prize in 2000.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 4

Geographical features - Kemet: the black land

Sources a chronology of fortification development

Chronology 17

Design and Development 17

Materials

Defensive structures

Gates

Ditches

Linear defences

Tour of The Sites: Aniba, Buhen, Uronarti, Semna-West 27

Aniba

Buhen

Uronarti

Semna-West

The Living Sites 39

The barracks

Commander's residence or headquarters

Treasuries

Granaries Magazines (wd3)

Eating habits

Hygiene

Temples and private cult

The make-up of the garrison

The Sites In War 52

The Semna dispatches

Storming the fortress - insights from pictorial and textual evidence

Aftermath 55

The Sites Today 57

Further Reading 60

Glossary 62

Egyptological terms

Technical terms (mainly after Stephen Francis Wyley)

Index 64

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