Overview

The Island of Malta occupies a pivotal position in the Mediterranean, forming an outpost between North Africa and the soft underbelly of Europe. Such has been its strategic importance throughout the years that it has become one of the most fortified places in the world. Following the successful defence of the island during the Great Siege of 1565, the Knights Hospitaller built new walls and fortifications. These defences failed when Napoleon occupied Malta in 1798, and the island was retaken by the British in ...
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The Fortifications of Malta 1530-1945

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Overview

The Island of Malta occupies a pivotal position in the Mediterranean, forming an outpost between North Africa and the soft underbelly of Europe. Such has been its strategic importance throughout the years that it has become one of the most fortified places in the world. Following the successful defence of the island during the Great Siege of 1565, the Knights Hospitaller built new walls and fortifications. These defences failed when Napoleon occupied Malta in 1798, and the island was retaken by the British in 1800. From this point onwards, Malta’s defences were modernised throughout the 19th century and the island’s final test came during World War II. This book examines all these different styles of fortification from the 16th to the 20th century.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781782007067
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing, Limited
  • Publication date: 11/20/2012
  • Series: Fortress
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 64
  • Sales rank: 754,607
  • File size: 36 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

Originally from Wales, but now living in Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, Charles Stephenson is an historian and writer. He has written widely on British attempts to develop weapons of mass destruction in the 19th century, including an article in the Osprey Military Journal. This is his first book for Osprey
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Table of Contents

Introduction 4
Chronology 5
Malta under the Knights Hospitaller--1530-1798
British Imperial Malta--1800-1939
World War II and beyond--1939-2003
Malta under the Knights Hospitaller--1530-1798 7
The Knights under siege
Survival
New construction, reconstruction, and the decline of the Ottoman threat
Entrenchment and overstretch
The outer ring
Design and development of the Hospitaller fortifications
The bastioned trace
The fall of the Knights
British Imperial Malta--1800-1939 29
The British entrench
Design and development of the British fortifications--the polygonal trace
The demise of formal fortification
World War II and the second siege--1939-45 50
Operation Herkules
Air power and the demise of fortification as a military science
Malta today 59
Glossary 61
Bibliography 62
Books
Websites
Index 64
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