The Fourth Way: The Inspiring Future for Educational Change / Edition 4

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Overview

A compelling approach to lasting educational change informed by lessons learned and new successes worldwide!

Andy Hargreaves and Dennis Shirley present a concise framework for successful and sustainable reform that integrates teacher professionalism, community engagement, government policy, and accountability. Drawing from research on traditional methods and new findings from around the globe, the authors offer an absorbing and insightful analysis of three major efforts of the past 25 years, outline the strengths and limitations of each model, and offer a fourth way for achieving dramatic improvement built on:

  • Six Pillars of Purpose that support change
  • Three Principles of Professionalism that drive change
  • Four Catalysts of Coherence that sustain change

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Editorial Reviews

Neil MacNeill

Change in schools is generally not well done. Principals and school boards often are so impacted by the press of the present that they cannot see the "big," strategic picture, so they resort to the few well-tried strategies that have served them well in the past. Andy Hargreaves is a highly credible researcher on change in education. In this book, he joins with Dennis Shirley to provide a new, alternative way of re-examining change in schools.

The first three change genre are:
1. Innovation and inconsistency (1945-1975circa) and Complexity and contradiction (1975- late 1980s); 2. The way of the markets and standardisation (to 1995, neoliberalism); and
3. Performance and partnership (1995- present, modified New Public Management).

The authors examined aspects of the first three ways of change and decided what was worth keeping: inspiration, innovation and autonomy (from the First Way); urgency, consistency and all-inclusive equity (from the Second Way) and balance and inclusiveness, public involvement, financial re-investment, better evidence and professional networks (from the Third Way).

Six pillars of purpose and partnership characterise the Fourth Way:
1. An inspiring and inclusive vision;
2. Strong public engagement;
3. Achievement through investment;
4. Corporate educational responsibility;
5. Students as partners in change; and
6. Mindful learning and teaching.

Teacher professionalism, which took a nose-dive in the desperate push towards national standards, is re-asserted in the Fourth Way. Importantly, Hargreaves does not forget the important work that he did on sustainable leadership, and he reminds us of the need for responsibility before accountability.

This book provides a useful sense of direction to everyone imbedded in school change, and it is an important reference for all school leaders.

Anthony Giddens
"In some places, Third Way politics have barely begun. In others, they have been pushed as far as they can go. It is high time for a new Fourth Way of social and educational reform. In this unique and excellent text, Andy Hargreaves and Dennis Shirley set out this way for the very first time, and also provide crystal clear examples of what it looks like in practice."
Linda Darling-Hammond
"In The Fourth Way, Hargreaves and Shirley draw on their firsthand studies of the highest-performing systems in the U.S. and across the world to demonstrate that our best hope for education in a time of turmoil rests in change strategies that are, at once, both professional and democratic. Inspiring in vision, accessible in style, and solid in its evidence base, this book will be an engine for change in the years to come."
Michael Fullan
"Andy Hargreaves and Dennis Shirley, always one or two steps ahead of the field, have done it again. An extremely balanced and insightful treatment of the first three ways of change, in which the authors clearly display the strengths and limitations of each model. And then they go to town in mapping out the Fourth Way—a concise and compelling framework for changethat integrates teacher professionalism, community engagement, government policy, and accountability. The Fourth Way is itself a powerful 'catalyst for coherence' in a field that badly needs guidance. Read the book and rethink your approach to educational reform."
Dennis Van Roekel
"The Fourth Way might just offer the best ideas yet for broad-scale educational improvement. Hargreaves and Shirley refreshingly depart from old school arguments. Instead, with the aid of concrete examples, they identify and embrace the successful elements of past education reform efforts while illustrating the flaws in unhelpful efforts. Their careful analysis and insights on lessons learned will be invaluable to anyone serious about making positive, sustainable changes that deliver a great public school to every student."
Susan Moore Johnson
"Perplexed and demoralized by policies that diminish and routinize their work, many educators fear that public schooling has reached a dead end. In this informed and inspiring book, Hargreaves and Shirley point to a new and promising path for progress. The Fourth Way is not only open to educators, but must be forged by them with shared purpose, foresight, and common sense."
Alan M. Blankstein
"The new era—the Fourth Way—holds more than just promise. Elements of this approach are underway in different parts of the world at this very moment, and the authors shine light on each as they encourage the reader to tap into the very best practices to ensure thatthe next wave truly leaves no child, family, or community behind!"
Daniel A. Domenech
"The authors propose a new vision for transforming public education for the 21st century. They argue that school systems must move away from a culture of high-stakes testing, encourage innovation and creativity, and engage parents and communities in educational change. Their ideas are timely and relevant for educational leaders today."
Steve Munby
"In this timely and inspirational book, Andy Hargreaves and Dennis Shirley challenge our current thinking about educational change. Their argument for interdependence, empowerment, collective courage, and professionalism will resonate with all who have wrestled with these issues. It will leave a lasting impression. Read it!"
Dennis Sparks
"This is a great book! Andy Hargreaves and Dennis Shirley have an incredible ability to describe important issues in incisive and compelling ways."
Jenny Lewis
"Andy Hargreaves and Dennis Shirley provide inspirational and challenging formations for next schools and their leaders in The Fourth Way. The celebration of personal capacity and the promotion of educational change through deepened and demanding learning, professional quality, and engagement provides hope and catalyzes our best values to regenerate and improve society. An outstanding vision for our future."
Neil Mac Neill
Change in schools is generally not well done. Principals and school boards often are so impacted by the press of the present that they cannot see the "big," strategic picture, so they resort to the few well-tried strategies that have served them well in the past. Andy Hargreaves is a highly credible researcher on change in education. In this book, he joins with Dennis Shirley to provide a new, alternative way of re-examining change in schools.

The first three change genre are:
1. Innovation and inconsistency (1945-1975circa) and Complexity and contradiction (1975- late 1980s); 2. The way of the markets and standardisation (to 1995, neoliberalism); and
3. Performance and partnership (1995- present, modified New Public Management).

The authors examined aspects of the first three ways of change and decided what was worth keeping: inspiration, innovation and autonomy (from the First Way); urgency, consistency and all-inclusive equity (from the Second Way) and balance and inclusiveness, public involvement, financial re-investment, better evidence and professional networks (from the Third Way).

Six pillars of purpose and partnership characterise the Fourth Way:
1. An inspiring and inclusive vision;
2. Strong public engagement;
3. Achievement through investment;
4. Corporate educational responsibility;
5. Students as partners in change; and
6. Mindful learning and teaching.

Teacher professionalism, which took a nose-dive in the desperate push towards national standards, is re-asserted in the Fourth Way. Importantly, Hargreaves does not forget the important work that he did on sustainable leadership, and he reminds us of the need for responsibility before accountability.

This book provides a useful sense of direction to everyone imbedded in school change, and it is an important reference for all school leaders.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412976374
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 8/28/2009
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 168
  • Sales rank: 419,960
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Andy Hargreaves is the Thomas More Brennan Chair at the Lynch School of Education, Boston College, and the elected Visiting Professor at the Institute of Education, London. He is the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Educational Change and serves as leading editor of the first and second International Handbook of Educational Change. Hargreaves is the cofounder and former director of the International Centre for Educational Change at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education in Toronto.

Dennis Shirley is professor at the Lynch School of Education at Boston College. Shirley's educational work spans from the nitty-gritty micro-level of assisting beginning teachers in complex school environments to the macro-level of designing and guiding large-scale research and intervention projects for school districts, states, and networks. Shirley was the first US scholar to document the rise of community organizing as an educational change strategy, and his activities in this arena have led to multiple long-term collaborations and a steady stream of speaking engagements and visiting professorships in the United States, Canada, Ireland, Germany, Austria, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom, and Japan.

Shirley publishes frequently in Educational Leadership, the Phi Delta Kappan, Teachers College Record, and Education Week.With colleague Andy Hargreaves, he recently conducted a study of over 300 secondary schools in the United Kingdom affiliated with the Raising Achievement Transforming Learning network of the Specialist Schools and Academies Trust. In addition, Shirley and Hargreaves completed a study of the Alberta Initiative for School Improvement, a network sponsoring lateral learning within and across schools in the world’s second highest-achieving jurisdiction after Finland.

Fluent in German, Shirley recently has spoken at and advised the Free University of Berlin, the University of Vienna, the University of Hildesheim, and the University of Dortmund on topics ranging from community engagement in schools to the reform of teacher education. At home in Boston, MA, Shirley is in the fourth year of leading a teacher inquiry seminar along with teacher leader Elizabeth Mac Donald that is described in their recently published Teachers College Press book, The Mindful Teacher.

Shirley has received numerous scholarly awards, including fellowships from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Bad Godesberg, Germany, and the Rockefeller Study and Conference Center in Bellagio, Italy. He holds a doctoral degree from Harvard University.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
1. The Three Ways of Change
2. The Three Paths of Distraction
3. The Four Horizons of Hope
4. The Fourth Way
Endnotes
Index

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Sort by: Showing all of 3 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 6, 2014

    Shadow elders den

    Where elders stay

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  • Posted March 17, 2010

    more from this reviewer

    Clarifying, not innovative

    The book "The Fourth Way" displays a great historical background of the different ways from the past and what had led to changing them into a new way. It is smart to display a well-structured outline of previous events which led to writing the book. Also, it states the predecessors of the new way they have invented: the fourth way. Still, I'm quite sceptical about it.
    First of all, Hargreaves and Shirley describe their newly found fourth way very inspiring and innovative. I must disagree. Nearly every aspect of their way has been done before in one of the other three ways, only with a slightly different approach. For instance, the "becoming aware of the importance of an active participation of parents in the education of their children" has happened before, in the second way. The "competition of different knowledge societies" has happened before as well, in the second way going on in the third way. They have just replaced the prior words by using 21st century "new-age" words. Professionalism has been going on since the second way as well and can hardly be described as an innovative idea. Furthermore, the coherence between schools: wasn't that an idea posted in the second way as well?
    Secondly, Hargreaves and Shirley claim to have the solution of a way fit for the fast, flexible, and vulnerable new world of the 21st century. Again, my opinion differs. Their way does not demonstrate something fit for the 21st century. Instead, they've just looked at some aspects which are going on at this moment and tried to find a suitable solution to that, which, of course, has been done before. Next they created more new-age words to their plan and there you are: an innovative plan which everyone should be amazed about.
    Finally, I disagree about naming their idea "the fourth way". I do not think it is such a new way it can be named the fourth. It is merely a revised version of the third way.
    Nevertheless, I do agree with the way they've displayed their ideas. Through this book, their fourth way is presented very clearly and a lot of (sub-)goals have been described very detailed. It is a great initiative to point out different goals and create a schematic overview, such as the six different pillars, the three principles of professionalism, and the four catalysts of coherence. Policymakers should definitely read this book to get informed in a way which could really change educational policy. The change is in the way the ideas are displayed. Now the different sub-goals are so specifically posted, there should be no ambiguities whatsoever anymore.
    To conclude, their method of writing certainly clarifies matters. The matters they write about are just not as expected: new.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 14, 2010

    No text was provided for this review.

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