The Future of Life

The Future of Life

4.6 20
by Edward O. Wilson
     
 

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One of the world’s most important scientists, Edward O. Wilson is also an abundantly talented writer who has twice won the Pulitzer Prize. In this, his most personal and timely book to date, he assesses the precarious state of our environment, examining the mass extinctions occurring in our time and the natural treasures we are about to lose forever. Yet, rather

Overview

One of the world’s most important scientists, Edward O. Wilson is also an abundantly talented writer who has twice won the Pulitzer Prize. In this, his most personal and timely book to date, he assesses the precarious state of our environment, examining the mass extinctions occurring in our time and the natural treasures we are about to lose forever. Yet, rather than eschewing doomsday prophesies, he spells out a specific plan to save our world while there is still time. His vision is a hopeful one, as economically sound as it is environmentally necessary. Eloquent, practical and wise, this book should be read and studied by anyone concerned with the fate of the natural world.


From the Trade Paperback edition.

Editorial Reviews

bn.com
The Barnes & Noble Review
Harvard biologist E. O. Wilson has long been one of the most prominent scientific voices to speak out about the crisis of species extinction that has engulfed the earth in the past half century. In this eloquent and readable book, Wilson unstintingly portrays the nightmarish scenario into which we are passing but also offers constructive ideas on how it might still be averted.

Beginning with a tour of microbial ecosystems that demonstrates how few of the planet's species we have even named, much less understood, Wilson tracks the staggering toll taken on the world's ecosystems by a proliferating Homo sapiens. He touches on the planet's hotspots, from Madagascar to China: particularly rich zones of plant and animal diversity that are the most critically threatened. In Hawaii, for instance, thousands of unique species evolved in isolation over centuries, only to be rapidly decimated by human activities and the introduction of alien species with which they cannot compete.

It is a grim toll, and one that we have heard with depressing regularity in recent years. But Wilson follows this sobering litany with a chapter of concrete hopes for the planet's future, from debt-for-nature swaps to the proliferation of environmental groups. One of the book's most interesting sections resurrects the idea of biophilia, "the innate tendency to focus on life and lifelike forms," which Wilson introduced several years ago. We all have deep and abiding connections with nature, and if they can be nourished (education will play a large role) and channeled into moral decisions, we still have a chance to save the planet's biodiversity from our other, baser motives.

Ever the scientific optimist, Wilson places faith in the ability of technology to get us out of the fixes into which it has put us: For example, he advocates the highly controversial genetic engineering of crops. But, intriguingly, Wilson has yielded some of the ground claimed in Consilience, where he placed science at the pinnacle of human endeavor. Here, this great scientist argues that our ability to protect what's left of the planet's biodiversity ultimately depends, more than anything, on an ethical commitment. Unless we harness what's noblest about ourselves as a species, we risk being the only ones left on a silenced, emptied, and impoverished planet. (Jonathan Cook)

There are a staggering number of species on Earth, and half may go extinct by century's end. Pulitzer Prize-winning biologist Wilson is one of our most eloquent spokesmen for the necessity of conserving Earth's dwindling biological heritage, for reasons as much practical as sentimental and moral. Letting species disappear while hoping someday to re-create them in the test tube, he says, is tantamount to destroying great masterpieces, knowing we have copies. We must not only celebrate nature's beauty and spiritual virtues but also be prepared to argue for its value in economic terms. A hardened veteran of policy debates, Wilson knows how to make a pragmatic case for conserving biodiversity. This beautifully written book is many things: It is a bracing wake-up call about the ecological catastrophe that is looming on our horizon, an inspiring exhortation to accept our responsibility as nature's stewards and a realistic blueprint for reversing the current extinction trend—that is, saving species and ecosystems in ways that generate, rather than impede, economic growth. The future of life may be bleak, Wilson warns, but it remains in our hands to save it.
—Eric Wargo

Publishers Weekly
Legendary Harvard biologist Wilson (On Human Nature; The Ants; etc.) founded sociobiology, the controversial branch of evolutionary biology, and won the Pulitzer Prize twice. This volume, his manifesto to the public at large, is a meditation on the splendor of our biosphere and the dangers we pose to it. In graceful, expressive and vigorous prose, Wilson argues that the challenge of the new century will be "to raise the poor to a decent standard of living worldwide while preserving as much of the rest of life as possible." For as America consumes and the Third World tries to keep up, we lose biological diversity at an alarming rate. But the "trajectory" of species loss depends on human choice. If current levels of consumption continue, half the planet's remaining species will be gone by mid-century. Wilson argues that the "great dilemma of environmental reasoning" stems from the conflict between environmentalism and economics, between long-term and short-term values. Conservation, he writes, is necessary for our long-term health and prosperity. Loss of biodiversity translates into economic losses to agriculture, medicine and the biotech industries. But the "bottleneck" of overpopulation and overconsumption can be safely navigated: adequate resources exist, and in the end, success or failure depends upon an ethical decision. Global conservation will succeed or fail depending on the cooperation between government, science and the private sector, and on the interplay of biology, economics and diplomacy. "A civilization able to envision God and to embark on the colonization of space," Wilson concludes, "will surely find the way to save the integrity of this planet and the magnificent life it harbors." Copyright 2001 Cahners Business Information.
KLIATT
Start by looking at the cover: stark white letters on a solid black background. The future of life looks grim indeed. A hole cut through to the page behind seems to offer hope: it reveals a brilliant Costa Rican golden toad, a detail of a stunningly beautiful painting in the style of 17th-century Dutch flower artists. The distinguished biologist, Edward O. Wilson, invites us to think about the reality represented by both the cover and the painting. Between 1987 and 1988, the entire population of golden toads vanished. And all 60 of the other plants and animals in the painting are also endangered or extinct. Wilson explains clearly and eloquently why their loss matters and what Americans can do to reverse the destruction of living creatures and their wild habitats. His arguments and examples range from the economic (preserving a watershed is cheaper than flood control measures) and medical (another threatened amphibian, the poison dart frog, has yielded a powerful new kind of anesthetic) to the aesthetic and the quality of human experience. In a devastated environment, no one can have a really good life. An important book for any collection that deals with science, nature, the environment, and the future of our lives. KLIATT Codes: A*—Exceptional book, recommended for advanced students and adults. 2002, Random House, Vintage, 229p. notes. index.,
— Karen Reeds
Library Journal
A plea to save our biological heritage and a plan for doing it; from Pulitzer Prize-winning scientist Wilson. Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
Never one to shrink from the Big Picture, Harvard antman Wilson (Consilience, 1998, etc.) addresses the decline and fall of species but sees the potential for the survival of biodiverse life on earth if . . .
From the Publisher
“Wilson, perhaps our greatest living scientist . . . offers the most powerful indictment yet of humanity as destroyer.” –San Francisco Chronicle Observer

“His book eloquently makes one thing clear: . . . we know what we do, and we have a choice.” –The New York Times Book Review

The Future of Life makes it clear once again that Wilson is one of our most gifted science writers.” –The Washington Post

“[An] elegant manifesto. . . . [A] nuanced and evocative explanation of just why biodiversity matters.” –The New Yorker

“Wilson writes with a magisterial tone. . . . The Future of Life is the work of a man with deep convictions who is also utterly reasonable.” –Bill McKibben, The Boston Globe

“A critical report card for planet Earth, an urgent manifesto on global action, an eloquent plea . . . A literate, even poetic recounting of current scientific information that is readily accessible to lay readers. A more engaging and persuasive single volume on this crucial subject is difficult to imagine.” –Seattle Post-Intelligencer

“A no-nonsense appraisal of the problem of species extinctions and a pragmatic road map for renewal. . . . The Future of Life takes the reader on a fascinating and ultimately hopeful journey.” –San José Mercury News

“Our contemporary Thoreau, Wilson elegantly and insistently makes the case that to choose biodiversity is to choose survival.” –Atlanta Journal-Constitution

“Wilson knows his subject too well. It behooves the rest of us to listen.” –San Diego Union Tribune

“One of the most clear-eyed pictures of how bad things have gotten.”–Minneapolis Star-Tribune

The Future of Life offers an encouraging vision that solutions to the environmental problems facing humanity are within reach. . . . A refreshing change from the doom-and-gloom rhetoric that marked much environmentalism in the past.”–American Scientist

“A landmark new book.” –Houston Chronicle

“The biosphere’s Paul Revere defines the incalculable value and fragility of ‘the totality of life.’” –Outside

“Wilson is a member of an important but very rare species: the world-class scientist who is also a great writer.” –Nature

“A short book of breathtaking scope. . . . Wilson brings genuine authority to these weighty pronouncements.”–New York Observer

“[A] readable gem. . . . Wilson manages to avoid dark gloom while still cataloguing the damage we have wrought.” –Toronto Star

“Takes the reader on a fascinating and ultimately hopeful journey. . . . A concise primer remarkable in its breadth and clarity.”–Austin American-Statesman


Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780375414565
Publisher:
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
Publication date:
04/09/2002
Sold by:
Random House
Format:
NOOK Book
Pages:
256
Sales rank:
234,309
File size:
284 KB

Read an Excerpt

A Letter to Thoreau
Excerpted from the Prologue

Henry!
I am at the site of your cabin on the edge of Walden Pond. I came because of your stature in literature and the conservation movement. I came because of all your contemporaries, you are the one I most need to
understand. As a biologist with a modern scientific library, I know more than Darwin knew. I can imagine the measured responses of that country gentleman to a voice a century and a half beyond his own. It is not a satisfying fantasy: the Victorians have for the most part settled into a comfortable corner of our remembrance. But I cannot imagine your responses, at least not all of them. You left too soon, and your restless spirit haunts us still.

I am here for a purpose: to become more Thoreauvian, and with that perspective better to explain to you, and in reality to others and not least to myself, what has happened to the world we both have loved. . .

The natural world in the year 2001 is everywhere disappearing before our eyes--cut to pieces, mowed down, plowed under, gobbled up, replaced by human artifacts.

No one in your time could imagine a disaster of this magnitude. Little more than a billion people were alive in the 1840s. They were overwhelmingly agricultural, and few families needed more than two or three acres to survive. The American frontier was still wide open. And far away on continents to the south, up great rivers, beyond unclimbed mountain ranges, stretched unspoiled equatorial forests brimming with the maximum diversity of life. These wildernesses seemed as unattainable and timeless as the planets and stars. That could not last, because the mood of Western civilization is Abrahamic. The explorers and colonists were guided by a biblical prayer: May we take possession of this land that God has provided and let it drip milk and honey into our mouths, forever.

Now, more than six billion people fill the world. The great majority are very poor; nearly one billion exist on the edge of starvation. All are struggling to raise the quality of their lives any way they can. That unfortunately includes the conversion of the surviving remnants of the natural environment. Half of the great tropical forests have been cleared. The last frontiers of the world are effectively gone. Species of plants and animals are disappearing a hundred or more times faster than before the coming of humanity, and as many as half may be gone by the end of this century. An Armageddon is approaching at the beginning of the third millennium. But it is not the cosmic war and fiery collapse of mankind foretold in sacred scripture. It is the wreckage of the planet by an exuberantly plentiful and ingenious humanity.

The situation is desperate--but there are encouraging signs that the race can be won. Population growth has slowed, and if the present trajectory holds, it is likely to peak between eight and ten billion people by century's end. That many people, experts tell us, can be accommodated with a decent standard of living, but just barely: the amount of arable land and water available per person, globally, is already declining. In solving the problem, other experts tell us, it should also be possible to shelter most of the vulnerable plant and animal species.

In order to pass through the bottleneck, a global land ethic is urgently needed. Not just any global land ethic that might happen to enjoy agreeable sentiment, but one based on the best understanding of ourselves and the world around us that science and technology can provide. Surely the rest of life matters. Surely our stewardship is its only hope. We will be wise to listen carefully to the heart, then act with rational intention with all the tools we can gather and bring to bear.

Henry, my friend, thank you for putting the first element of that ethic in place. Now it is up to us to summon a more encompassing wisdom. The living world is dying; the natural economy is crumbling beneath our busy feet. We have been too self-absorbed to foresee the long-term consequences of our actions, and we will suffer a terrible loss unless we shake off our delusions and move quickly to a solution. Science and technology led us into this bottleneck. Now science and technology must help us find our way through and out.

What People are saying about this

Kathryn S. Fuller
In The Future of Life, E.O. Wilson delivers an impassioned plea for a new human ethic based on a wiser, more careful stewardship of our vanishing natural world. Wilson invites us to share his optimism that we still have an opportunity to save the living things and wild places that sustain us and give us hope.--Kathryn S. Fuller, President, World Wildlife Fund

Meet the Author

Edward O. Wilson is the author of two Pulitzer Prize-winning books, On Human Nature (1978) and The Ants (1990, with Bert Hölldobler), as well as many other groundbreaking works, including Consilience, Naturalist, and Sociobiology. A recipient of many of the world’s leading prizes in science and conservation, he is currently Pellegrino University Research Professor and Honorary Curator in Entomology of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University. He lives in Lexington, Massachusetts, with his wife, Renee.


From the Trade Paperback edition.

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The Future of Life 4.6 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 20 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
I had the option of reading this book for extra credit at school. Most of the other books were uninteresting and they dragged on and on. However, this book was a great read and everyone should invest their time to read this!
Guest More than 1 year ago
The Future of Life by Edward Wilson is an informative and well-balanced novel with a powerful message about the impact human beings have had and are continuing to have upon Earth. The book is great for those with a love of the environment, and even better for people who do not understand the value of, or place any importance on the natural world. Wilson describes the bottleneck the human race is facing as caused by an ever-expanding population and ever-dwindling natural resources. He maintains that corrective action must be taken to curb the mass extinctions currently taking place as a direct result of humanity passing through this bottleneck. However, Wilson does not stop are merely stating the problem. He spends the last chapter of the book, appropriately titled `The Solution¿ describing the path and policies that humans must adopt to reverse the trend of destructive exploitation of the natural world. Wilson takes care to explain both sides of the issue, and doesn¿t use the book as a platform for blaming capitalism for destroying the environment. In the first chapter, `The Bottleneck¿, he writes about the stereotypical `Economist¿ and ¿Environmentalist¿ viewpoints and states that both are overly dramatized. Throughout the book, he presents arguments that balance the need of aiding the economy and the environment, as seen by the statement: ¿No one can be expected to leave a reserve inviolate if it is his source of food and fuel. A patch of forest fenced off and patrolled is a cruel insult to hungry people shut out, and unworkable in the long run¿ (168). He then explains methods for making conservation profitable for those who must practice it directly. The chapter ¿How Much is the Biosphere Worth¿ addresses this issue well. Wilson makes it clear that a forest is worth far more than the lumber it is harvested for, as with the example of the Catskill Watershed that provides water purification for New York City, a service worth billions of dollars. The final chapter, ¿The Solution¿, contains a thorough description of past, present, and future methods for conserving the biodiversity of the planet. Wilson discusses the growing influence of nongovernmental organizations like Conservation International and their efforts to protect greater stretches of wilderness. He then lists eleven key elements that humanity needs to implement to save the biosphere, from ¿complete the mapping of the world¿s biological diversity¿ to ¿use biodiversity more effectively to benefit the world economy as a whole¿(162-3). Taken together, these elements are certainly a tall order, but they do a thorough job of addressing the key issues raised by Wilson. On a technical note, the novel is not always easy to read. Many passages are written in the passive voice, making comprehension of some of Wilson¿s ideas more difficult than they might be otherwise. Also, some of his claims on global warming and extinction are stated as known fact without a mention of a source: ¿ More frequent heat waves, violent storms, forest fires, droughts, and flooding damage are the spawn of the historically unprecedented pace of climate change¿ (68). It is hard to determine the source of other data that is pulled from studies and academic papers but not directly cited in the text because the facts are not footnoted, and are simply listed by page number in a notes appendix in the back of the book. Aside from these few weak points, the book is strong, and the majority of his arguments are backed up and illustrated well. A good example is the discussion of deforestation as taken from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The data cited says that the ¿worldwide rate of clear cutting [of tropical rainforests] has been close to 1% per year. Where all tropical rainforests occupy approximately equal to the lower forty-eight United States, they are being removed at the rate of half the state of Florida every year¿ (59-60). Wilson¿s
Guest More than 1 year ago
Edward O. Wilson is no doubt a scientist before a writer. The first sentence of The Future of Life reads, ¿The totality of life, known as the biosphere to scientist and creation to theologians, is a membrane of organisms wrapped around Earth so thin it cannot be seen edgewise from a space shuttle, yet internally complex that most species composing it remain undiscovered.¿ I believe that Eddy uses such intelligent and complex diction because he wants to come across as intelligent and complex. Sadly, his goal is reached but the use of this elevated diction only acts to create a barrier between the reader and himself. Even though Wilson is an educated scientist, he could have restated this opening sentence in a much simpler manner that would have been received much easier by the reader. ¿Life is so complex and full of beings that many species still remained undiscovered.¿ If Wilson were to write in this way, perhaps I would have taking a better liking to him and consequently have listened with more receptivity. Looking beyond his diction however, Eddy does a fairly good job in the first chapter of filling the reader¿s mind with all sorts of unthinkable species and forms of life. He even explains a little about extremophiles, species adapted to live at the edge of biological tolerance. At the end of chapter one, Wilson uses the technique of ethos, an appeal to our emotions. He goes on to explain how the majority of cells in our body belong to bacterial and other microorganismic species, and how this is the ¿biospheric membrane that covers Earth, and you and me.¿ The last sentence of this chapter attempts to play our emotions by writing how tragic it is to lose a major part of this biospheric membrane before we can learn what it is and how it can be savored and used. If I didn¿t know better, I¿d say that poor old Eddy is attempting to get us to do something about our lively biosphere before it¿s too late. Now why wouldn¿t he just come out and tell us this instead of using a cheap trick to win us over? In chapter two, Wilson strikes gold when he writes about the economist and environmentalist. He writes, ¿Perhaps the time has come to cease calling it `the environmentalist¿ view, as thought it were a lobbying effort outside the mainstream of human activity, and to start calling it the real-world view.¿ When I read this sentence, I immediately thought to myself: this guy is good. Maybe we should stop categorizing things as ¿environmentalist¿ because all it does is make the idea of environmentalism seem like a radical, out-there kind of view instead of the logical, popular view that it should be. Even though Wilson hits some good points in chapter two, at the end of the chapter his ships crashes into a couple of rocks before safely landing. He writes, ¿It [environmentalism] is the guiding principle of those devoted to the health of the planet. But it is not yet a general worldview, evidently not compelling enough to distract many people away from the primal diversions of sport, politics, religion, and private wealth.¿ Here Wilson is trying to get across to the reader the importance that environmentalism does not but should play in our world. The error in this sentence however comes when he chooses to use the word ¿distract¿. I¿m not sure if he knew what he was implying when he used this word, but I do know that if he did not specifically choose this word, then he made a major mistake. If Wilson was trying to emphasize the importance of environmentalism, why would he write that it ¿distracts¿ us? Granted he does write that it is ¿evidently not compelling enough to distract many people¿, but why would he choose the word distract? It would have been much more effective and logical for him to write, ¿¿not compelling enough to interest people instead of their usual interests of¿¿ The other rock that Wilson¿s ship scrapes is found in two unnecessary words that he chose to include: I believe. It¿s quite
Guest More than 1 year ago
I teach college environmental science courses & I have my students read The Future of Life. The response I get from them is truly amazing - they actually liked having to read this book! For those not familiar with Wilson's other works (Biophilia, The Diversity of Life, etc.), his writing style is unlike anything I've encountered in scientific literature. It is actually pleasurable to read. This is often surprising to my students and keeps them reading. On top of that, his writing is relatively balanced - this is another reason my students like it so much. They expect to get a sermon, but instead are provided with perspectives from both sides of this issue. I highly recommend this book to anyone who is interested in gaining a better understanding of biodiversity issues in our world today.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
AlexanderSupertramp1 More than 1 year ago
I have to say, he may be a notch above Jared DIamond when it comes to selling a point of scientific theory.  This book can have the capability of changing ones perspective of human society, much like Guns, Germs and Steel did to readers of Jared.  I truly came out of this book changed, in sense that I wanted to attach myself more to the Nature that we so arrogantly take for granted that keeps us alive, my goal for 2015 is go for several hikes, enjoy the wildlife and breath the fresh air from a less civilized blue yonder.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This book is a beautifully written account of the circumstances currently affecting life on earth. The author, a scientist, writes in a way that allows a lay person to understand, yet at the same time challenges the reader to improve their conceptual ability to comprehend the complexities of life and its inter-relation throughout the biosphere, especially the issues we are facing as to our very existence. Wilson also gives us what is likely the most realistic plan for addressing serious environmental issues. This is an amazing book and I highly recommend that it should be one of those that you pass around immediately after finishing it. The book is literary art, acutely educational, while simultaneously providing optimistic solutions for the future of life on this planet. A paraphrased excerpt: In order for everyone on earth to have an American lifestyle we would need 4 planet earths to provide those resources.
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willv More than 1 year ago
the whole time i was reading this book i could picture the author/biologist talking to be about his life's studies. I read a good portion of this book while sitting on the back patio and couldn't put it down. I woke up early a couple days just to read this book.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I've been a close observer of mankind's relentless destruction of our ONLY HOME for over 40 years. Mother Nature has been pretty forgiving up until now, but we're pushing many areas beyond their survival point. That's not very wise of us, is it? If you want to know how the rest of your life, your children's lives, and their children's lives will be effected in the near future, read this book. It's not a plesant picture, but it's about time someone collected and printed the truth for all to see. 'Environmental Concern' seems to come and go like a fad, but the real problems are only made worse by our continuing refusal to work WITH nature. Are our children willing OR able to pay the bills we're running up for them? We can begin by paying attention to the daily environmental news. Those scattered 'facts' are not free-standing events, they are all part of the interwoven moasic of life, and we MUST begin to Understand, Care, and Act before it's too late.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I was bewildered at the fact that it was mandatory to read The Future of Life as an Oakland University rhetoric student. The first thing that came to my mind was, ¿This is an English class, why do I have to read a science book? The concepts George O. Wilson was trying to express were biodiversity, the negative effects humans have on the environment, and endangered species. After considering those concepts one might think I would be thrilled to read it, yet that is not the case. The current focus of my rhetoric class is the environment I am ashamed that they recommended this book for the basis of that focus. I believe that the scientist Edward O. Wilson would make a great textbook-writer. Being a critical reader, I try to utilize what I am reading to draw my own conclusions. While reading this book, I could not even remember the point of the previous line I just read, let alone make any conclusions. I remember actually falling asleep at least five times while reading this book. Am I ashamed to admit that? No. I received some of the best sleep in my life turning the pages of this ¿textbook¿. The reason why I consider it a textbook instead of a novel is because it is the type of book that everyone should read, but doesn¿t necessarily want to. For example, Wilson was very informative on his information of how the world is considered to be a ¿bottleneck¿. In that chapter, he emphasizes how big a factor population is. I appreciate the information however, the format in which he delivered it reminded me of a textbook. Not to mention the novel had a glossary, notes, and an index. All it needed were critical thinking questions, and bolded vocabulary words, and I would have really been convinced that it was a textbook. Giving the book the benefit of the doubt, I believe that you should be a scientist in order to appreciate this book. This book would probably hit close to home for scientist since they probably know all of the information already. Unfortunately, it is entitled The Future of Life, so that means that everyone ¿living life¿ should see it as being necessary. This means that it should not just be written for the scientist and science-lovers, but by every human being. I believe that it is important for any book to be well-organized and cover the basics in writing. I took more time red-marking the book than really getting into the information. There were so many logical fallacies and grammatical errors. The first I can point out is on page 25, where the author started the sentence out with ¿But¿, and on page 122, he starts his sentence out with ¿And¿. You might think that jumping from page 25 to 122 means that I can¿t effectively substantiate his errors. However, that just shows that he had 97 pages to correct his mistakes, only he didn¿t do it. Included with all of the ¿buts¿ and ¿ands¿ were a plethora of run-on sentences. It is difficult to appreciate literature, no matter the text, when it doesn¿t follow basic grammatical rules. There were also many logical fallacies. Instead of pulling out my hair, and spotting them throughout the book, I just sampled from one chapter. In the chapter How Much is the Biosphere Worth, I found plenty. The first is false dilemma. On page 106 it read, ¿To supplant natural ecosystems entirely, even mostly, is an economic and even physical impossibility, and we would eventually die if we tried.¿ Wow, are we really going to die? There was also one on that same page where he starts his sentence out with ¿Most environmental scientist believe that¿ This is misrepresenting a group. Who exactly are these scientists, and am I suppose to believe you just because you refer to them? It is very hard to be convinced of an argument when logical fallacies are present, and this book didn¿t do a great job at leaving them out. The book also lacked organization and effective style. It was hard for me to follow a lot of the information because of the way that is was organized. In one chapter he jumped to
Guest More than 1 year ago
My name is Hugo and I enjoyed this title for many reasons. In fact, I enjoyed so much that I am now an intern for BOS-USA. Now, I was wondering if the publisher would be interested in donating some copies for a silent auction where the main guest will be Willie Smitts. This auction will be held in Los Angeles this month. I believe that people would find the book very appealing, and at the same time we can all provide more knowledge to the public and encourage a sense for awareness. Please contact me at hugoperez26@hotmail.com if there is any way the publisher would be willing to donate some copies. Thank You
Guest More than 1 year ago
This story will tell the pain and courage of boat people under Communist control after April 30, 1975. It relates horrible incidents that happened to a million families, including my own when the Communist took over the South Viet-Nam. terrible, but the true,tragedies,suffering, worrying and carrying of a million boat people in the high seas who escaped with no hope, no sense of direction, and not knowing how long their dangerous trip would last.