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The Garden and the Workshop: Essays on the Cultural History of Vienna and Budapest
     

The Garden and the Workshop: Essays on the Cultural History of Vienna and Budapest

by Peter Hanak, Carl E. Schorske
 

ISBN-10: 0691009651

ISBN-13: 9780691009650

Pub. Date: 11/08/1999

Publisher: Princeton University Press

A century ago, Vienna and Budapest were the capital cities of the western and eastern halves of the increasingly unstable Austro-Hungarian empire and scenes of intense cultural activity. Vienna was home to such figures as Sigmund Freud, Gustav Klimt, and Hugo von Hofmannsthal; Budapest produced such luminaries as B‚la Bart¢k, Georg Luk cs, and Michael and Karl Polanyi

Overview

A century ago, Vienna and Budapest were the capital cities of the western and eastern halves of the increasingly unstable Austro-Hungarian empire and scenes of intense cultural activity. Vienna was home to such figures as Sigmund Freud, Gustav Klimt, and Hugo von Hofmannsthal; Budapest produced such luminaries as B‚la Bart¢k, Georg Luk cs, and Michael and Karl Polanyi. However, as P‚ter Han k shows in these vignettes of Fin-de-Si‚cle life, the intellectual and artistic vibrancy common to the two cities emerged from deeply different civic cultures.Han k surveys the urban development of the two cities and reviews the effects of modernization on various aspects of their cultures. He examines the process of physical change, as rapid population growth, industrialization, and the rising middle class ushered in a new age of tenements, suburbs, and town planning. He investigates how death and its rituals--once the domain of church, family, and local community--were transformed by the commercialization of burials and the growing bureaucratic control of graveyards. He explores the mentality of common soldiers and their families--mostly of peasant origin--during World War I, detecting in letters to and from the front a shift toward a revolutionary mood among Hungarians in particular. He presents snapshots of such subjects as the mentality of the nobility, operettas and musical life, and attitudes toward Germans and Jews, and also reveals the striking relationship between social marginality and cultural creativity.In comparing the two cities, Han k notes that Vienna, famed for its spacious parks and gardens, was often characterized as a "garden" of esoteric culture. Budapest, however, was a dense city surrounded by factories, whose cultural leaders referred to the offices and caf‚s where they met as "workshops." These differences were reflected, he argues, in the contrast between Vienna's aesthetic and individualistic culture and Budapest's more moralistic and socially engaged approach. Like Carl Schorske's famous Fin-de-Si‚cle Vienna, Han k's book paints a remarkable portrait of turn- of-the-century life in Central Europe. Its particular focus on mass culture and everyday life offers important new insights into cultural currents that shaped the course of the twentieth century.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691009650
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
11/08/1999
Series:
Princeton Legacy Library Series
Pages:
250
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.16(h) x 0.68(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introductory Reflections on Cultural History
Ch. 1Urbanization and Civilization: Vienna and Budapest in the Nineteenth Century3
Ch. 2The Image of the Germans and the Jews in the Hungarian Mirror of the Nineteenth Century44
Ch. 3The Garden and the Workshop: Reflections on Fin-de-Siecle Culture in Vienna and Budapest63
Ch. 4The Alienation of Death in Budapest and Vienna at the Turn of the Century98
Ch. 5The Start of Endre Ady's Literary Career (1903-1905)110
Ch. 6The Cultural Role of the Vienna-Budapest Operetta135
Ch. 7Social Marginality and Cultural Creativity in Vienna and Budapest (1890-1914)147
Ch. 8Vox Populi: Intercepted Letters in the First World War179
Notes213
Index241

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