The German Idea of Militarism: Radical and Socialist Critics, 1866-1914

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As the arms race and the military-industrial complex displaced more traditional concerns about authoritarian rule, imperial Germany in fact witnessed a major controversy over the issue. This book examines the development of modern militarism from its inception until the outbreak of World War I.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The book is based on a wide variety of excellent sources, some in archives not usually consulted, such as the Brandenburg provincial archives, Potsdam, or the protocols of the Social Democratic party congresses. The notes are complete and useful. It is clearly written..." Central European History

"Stargardt has written a very solid monograph on an important topic, filled with useful and even surprising information." Laird M. Easton, German Book Reviews

"...Nicholas Stargardt, author of The German Idea of Militarism, merits considerable praise. Stargardt goes classical intellectual history one better, however, by connecting the metamorphosis of the idea itself to physical as well as intellectual developments. ...the book is guranteed to stimulate the informed general reader and provide graduate seminars with ample material for any number of lively discussion." Antulio J. Echevarria, II, Jrnl of Military History

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521420105
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 3/17/1994
  • Pages: 248
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.67 (d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
List of abbreviations
Introduction 1
Pt. I The anti-militarist tradition, 1866-1900
1 Democracy and cheap government 19
The idea of militarism 21
The parting of ways 26
The Social Democratic programme 32
Soldiers versus civilians 35
Citizens as tax payers 43
2 Social Democracy and the Fatherland 49
Military capacity and defence 50
The nation 54
Foreign policy 60
War scares and socialist internationalism 67
3 Karl Kautsky's theory of militarism 72
Marx, Engels and the Left Liberal tradition 76
Kautsky on the army and state 79
Kautsky on German militarism 84
Pt. II The new militarism, 1900-14
4 Karl Liebknecht and the end of democratic anti-militarism 91
Karl Liebknecht's Militarism 98
Reflections in prison 103
5 The economics of armament 108
Military spending and economic crisis 112
Monopoly prices and economic growth 117
The military-industrial complex 122
6 The tides of pacificism, 1907-14 127
From national defence to pacifism 131
Programme and policy 135
August 1914: from pacifism to national defence 141
Conclusion 150
Notes 158
Bibliography 193
Index 227
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