The Good in the Right: A Theory of Intuition and Intrinsic Value

The Good in the Right: A Theory of Intuition and Intrinsic Value

by Robert Audi
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0691123888

ISBN-13: 9780691123882

Pub. Date: 07/25/2005

Publisher: Princeton University Press

This book represents the most comprehensive account to date of an important but widely contested approach to ethics—intuitionism, the view that there is a plurality of moral principles, each of which we can know directly. Robert Audi casts intuitionism in a form that provides a major alternative to the more familiar ethical perspectives (utilitarian, Kantian,

Overview

This book represents the most comprehensive account to date of an important but widely contested approach to ethics—intuitionism, the view that there is a plurality of moral principles, each of which we can know directly. Robert Audi casts intuitionism in a form that provides a major alternative to the more familiar ethical perspectives (utilitarian, Kantian, and Aristotelian). He introduces intuitionism in its historical context and clarifies—and improves and defends—W. D. Ross's influential formulation. Bringing Ross out from under the shadow of G. E. Moore, he puts a reconstructed version of Rossian intuitionism on the map as a full-scale, plausible contemporary theory.

A major contribution of the book is its integration of Rossian intuitionism with Kantian ethics; this yields a view with advantages over other intuitionist theories (including Ross's) and over Kantian ethics taken alone. Audi proceeds to anchor Kantian intuitionism in a pluralistic theory of value, leading to an account of the perennially debated relation between the right and the good. Finally, he sets out the standards of conduct the theory affirms and shows how the theory can help guide concrete moral judgment.

The Good in the Right is a self-contained original contribution, but readers interested in ethics or its history will find numerous connections with classical and contemporary literature. Written with clarity and concreteness, and with examples for every major point, it provides an ethical theory that is both intellectually cogent and plausible in application to moral problems.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691123882
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
07/25/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix Introduction 1
Chapter 1. Early Twentieth-Century Intuitionism 5
1. Henry Sidgwick:Three Kinds of Ethical Intuitionism 5
2. G. E. Moore as a Philosophical Intuitionist 11
3. H. A. Prichard and the Reassertion of Dogmatic Intuitionism 14
4. C. D. Broad and the Concept of Fittingness 17
5. W. D. Ross and the Theory of Prima Facie Duty 20
6. Intuitions, Intuitionism, and Reflection 32
Chapter 2. Rossian Intuitionism as a Contemporary Ethical Theory 40
1. The Rossian Appeal to Self-Evidence 40
2. Two Types of Self-Evidence 48
3. Resources and Varieties of Moderate Intuitionism 54
4. Disagreement, Incommensurability, and the Charge of Dogmatism 60
5. Intuitive Moral Judgment and Rational Action 68
Chapter 3. Kantian Intuitionism 80
1. The Possibility of Systematizing Rossian Principles 81
2. A Kantian Integration of Intuitionist Principles 83
3. Kantian Intuitionism as a Development of Kantian Ethics 105
4. Between the Middle Axioms and Moral Decision: The Multiple Grounds of Obligation 113
Chapter 4. Rightness and Goodness 121
1. Intrinsic Value and the Grounding of Reasons for Action 122
2. Intrinsic Value and Prima Facie Duty 134
3. The Autonomy of Ethics 149
4. Deontological Constraints and Agent-Relative Reasons 151
5. The Unity Problem for Intuitionist Ethics 157
Chapter 5. Intuitionism in Normative Ethics 161
1. Five Methods in Normative Ethical Reflection 162
2. The Need for Middle Theorems 165
3. Some Dimensions of Beneficence 174
4. Toward a Comprehensive Intuitionist Ethics 177
Conclusion 197
Notes 203
Index 239

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