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(a) To gain possession of Canada
(b) To completely destroy the British navy
(c) To seize English colonies in the Caribbean
(d) To solidify relations with France
(a) There were a number of reasons the United States wanted Canada, among them land for expansion and for use as a bargaining chip with Britain. Not to mention, of course, the beer and hockey.
2) Today, Cuba is one of the biggest political thorns in America's side. So it's ironic that the seeds of the Spanish-American War were planted during Cuba's struggle for independence from Spain. U.S. intervention was aroused by sensational reports of Spain's brutal measures to subdue the Cuban rebels. The question is, where was the first battle in the Spanish-American War fought?
(a) Bay of Pigs
(b) San Juan Hill
(c) Manila Bay
(c) A U.S. naval armada led by Commodore George Dewey entered Manila Bay, in the Philippines, on May 1, 1898, and destroyed the Spanish fleet.
And now, a few questions about the Korean War:
3) Who really remembers the details of the Korean War? It might be easier if we just put the war into M*A*S*H terms. Since Hawkeye and Major Burns were always squabbling, we'll call Syngman Rhee, the president of South Korea, Hawkeye. And Kim Il Sung, the leader of North Korea, is Major Burns. Plus, let's call Korea itself Hotlips.
Okay ... in the late 1940s, both Hawkeye and Major Burns wanted a unified Hotlips. But the United States wanted a democratic Hotlips, and the Soviets wanted a Communist one. Using Burns and Hawkeye as puppets, the two superpowers set out to achieve their agendas. And on June 25, 1950, war began when the North invaded the South. How long after that did the United States become part of the conflict?
(a) The same day
(b) Three weeks
(c) One month
(d) Six months
(a) U.S. troops in South Korea saw action from the very first day of the conflict. Wow, that sure was quick-but maybe Hotlips was worth it.
4) The UN forces fighting Communist North Korea were composed mainly of American and South Korean troops, though soldiers from fifteen other nations were also engaged. Nonetheless, the UN forces, led by General Douglas MacArthur, were having an extremely difficult time keeping the North Korean army at bay.
In what is considered the single most brilliant strategic offensive of his military career, what kind of assault did General MacArthur lead on September 15, 1950, which proved to be a key element in forcing the Communist army to retreat back across the border?
(a) One of the first air strikes launched from carrier vessels at sea
(b) Surprise land assault modeled after the famous invasion of Hannibal over the Alps
(c) He faked a retreat with his center and crushed the enemy with his flanks
(d) An amphibious assault deep behind North Korean lines
(d) On September 15, 1950, MacArthur led a daring and highly effective amphibious assault on the port city of Inchon, deep behind enemy lines.
5) General Douglas MacArthur actively advocated an atomic attack on which country in 1950?
(a) Soviet Union
(b) North Korea
(c) Fortunately, President Truman vehemently objected to this suggestion, and no more atom bombs were dropped after the horrors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Excerpted from The Great American History Quiz V Copyright © 2001 by A&E Television. Excerpted by permission.
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