The Great American Jobs Scam: Corporate Tax Dodging and the Myth of Job Creation [NOOK Book]

Overview

For the past 20 years, corporations have been receiving huge tax breaks and subsidies in the name of "jobs, jobs, jobs." But, as Greg LeRoy demonstrates in this important new book, it's become a costly scam.
Playing states and communities off against each other in a bidding war for jobs, corporations reduce their taxes to next-to-nothing and win subsidy packages that routinely exceed $100,000 per job. But the subsidies come with few strings attached. So companies feel free to ...
See more details below
The Great American Jobs Scam: Corporate Tax Dodging and the Myth of Job Creation

Available on NOOK devices and apps  
  • NOOK Devices
  • NOOK HD/HD+ Tablet
  • NOOK
  • NOOK Color
  • NOOK Tablet
  • Tablet/Phone
  • NOOK for Windows 8 Tablet
  • NOOK for iOS
  • NOOK for Android
  • NOOK Kids for iPad
  • PC/Mac
  • NOOK for Windows 8
  • NOOK for PC
  • NOOK for Mac
  • NOOK Study
  • NOOK for Web

Want a NOOK? Explore Now

NOOK Book (eBook)
$13.99
BN.com price
(Save 43%)$24.95 List Price

Overview

For the past 20 years, corporations have been receiving huge tax breaks and subsidies in the name of "jobs, jobs, jobs." But, as Greg LeRoy demonstrates in this important new book, it's become a costly scam.
Playing states and communities off against each other in a bidding war for jobs, corporations reduce their taxes to next-to-nothing and win subsidy packages that routinely exceed $100,000 per job. But the subsidies come with few strings attached. So companies feel free to provide fewer jobs, or none at all, or even outsource and lay people off. They are also free to pay poverty wages without health care or other benefits.
All too often, communities lose twice. They lose jobs--or gain jobs so low-paying they do nothing to help the community--and lose revenue due to the huge corporate tax breaks. That means fewer resources for maintaining schools, public services, and infrastructure. In the end, the local governments that were hoping for economic revitalization are actually worse off. They're forced to raise taxes on struggling small businesses and working families, or reduce services, or both.
Greg LeRoy uses up-to-the-minute examples, naming names--including Wal-Mart, Raytheon, Fidelity, Bank of America, Dell, and Boeing--to reveal how the process works. He shows how carefully corporations orchestrate the bidding wars between states and communities. He exposes shadowy "site location consultants" who play both sides against the middle, and he dissects government and corporate mumbo-jumbo with plain talk. The book concludes by offering common-sense reforms that will give taxpayers powerful new tools to deter future abuses and redirect taxpayer investments in ways that will really pay off.
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
Founder and director of the nonprofit center Good Jobs First, LeRoy offers a parade of damning case studies showing why communities should not woo corporations with subsidies. Corporate tactics, he finds, include quickly shuttered subsidized facilities, union busting and jobs that pay below the poverty line. Rewritten tax codes, which focus on sales taxes but ignore payroll and property taxes, as well as other tax abatements, undermine schools; most stadiums and convention centers further bleed public monies. Moreover, subsidies generally support suburban sprawl rather than accessibility to public transit used by the poor. Some corporate location consultants work both for companies and governments-"a sad reflection" of a disorganized public sector. On the corporate minus side, tax incentives to relocate, he shows, are dwarfed by labor, transport and utility costs. The upshot? Corporations are paying 28% less in state and local taxes than 20 years ago. LeRoy's suggested reforms include greater disclosure about subsidy deals; money-back guarantees if companies don't fulfill their pledges; requiring subsidized jobs to meet local average wages; closing corporate loopholes; and making sure every deal is approved by elected officials rather than appointed ones. (July) Copyright 2005 Reed Business Information.
Library Journal
"Jobs! Jobs! Jobs!" This familiar mantra of economists and elected officials has us hoodwinked, says LeRoy (No More Candy Store: States and Cities Making Job Subsidies Accountable). His biting expos alleges that companies use extortionary practices to obtain favorable treatment from state and local governments in exchange for bringing in or keeping jobs. These "sweetheart deals" range from whopping tax cuts to outright monetary grants. But then, instead of delivering the promised jobs, these companies often move, shift, or cut positions, leaving the locality in worse shape than before. LeRoy argues that taxes have little to do with a company's site selection, which is more closely tied to core business basics like labor, transportation, and utilities. He further reveals the devastating effects of corporate tax cuts on public schools and other local services. Venerated companies such as Fidelity, Bank of America, and Dell Computer find themselves bedfellows with such known villains as Enron and Wal-Mart in LeRoy's caustic chronicle. Fortunately, LeRoy offers a number of suggestions for reform so that readers are not left to despair. The public policy reform theme will make this a popular title for public and academic library business collections.-Carol J. Elsen, Univ. of Wisconsin Lib., Whitewater Copyright 2005 Reed Business Information.
Soundview Executive Book Summaries
Corporate Tax Dodging And The Myth Of Job Creation
According to author and corporate watchdog Greg LeRoy, there is a scandal lurking in the tax records of most cities and states in America: Hundreds of corporations receive taxpayer subsidies every year in the name of jobs, yet many companies have failed to create or retain as many jobs as they said they would. In The Great American Jobs Scam, LeRoy details the truth behind the corporations that have received millions of dollars from city and state taxes under the guise of job creation and economic development, but have outsourced jobs, cut health care benefits, or created no new jobs.

Taxpayer Subsidies
LeRoy explains that almost every big company has received taxpayer subsidies from property tax abatements, corporate income tax credits, sales and excise tax exemptions, tax increment financing, low-interest loans and loan guarantees, free land and land write-downs, training grants, infrastructure aid or cash grants. The average state has more than 30 economic development subsidies, many coming from city and county coffers. Despite all this economic development aid, LeRoy points out that many of the companies that receive these subsidies "are paying poverty wages or failing to provide health care to their employees. Companies that are abandoning our cities and sprawling onto farmland and natural spaces." Some of these companies, he writes, have actually laid people off since they received the subsidies.

The Great American Jobs Scam describes how an internationally constructed system allows corporations to win huge tax breaks by promising quality jobs and then lets them fail to deliver. LeRoy writes that this system costs U.S. taxpayers $50 billion each year in total state and city spending, and is especially harmful to schools.

The scandal, LeRoy explains, is that "in return for all our taxpayer dollars we are not getting higher wages, better benefits, a stronger tax base, or better public services." Instead, workers' wages have been stagnating or dropping for the last quarter century, health care has become less affordable and available, and pensions have shrunk in number and value. Schools and infrastructure maintenance suffer as a result, LeRoy points out, because states and cities have developed structural budget deficits that force them to cut back on funding public programs.

A Collection of Scams
The collection of scams LeRoy describes has evolved over the past 50 years and relies on taxpayer confusion about the causes and effects of job creation, as well as taxpayer costs being kept vague, understated or hidden. He writes that there is a system in place that ensures that the companies involved suffer no consequences when they fail to deliver on their promises of new quality jobs. "And most of all," he writes, "these scams are built upon a corporate-controlled definition of 'competition' that prevents government officials from cooperating in taxpayers' best interests."

The first part of LeRoy's book describes in detail 14 scams that are costing U.S. taxpayers billions of dollars each year, as well as the companies that are responsible. Next, he writes about the lobbying that takes place behind the scenes when a company decides to relocate to a new area, and describes how the "Single Sales Factor" allows some companies to pay up to 90 percent less corporate income tax to their home base state. The final chapter inThe Great American Jobs Scam presents a dozen reforms that can get many more taxpayers involved in helping to create an organized approach to fixing the problem. Here is one reform LeRoy proposes: "[T]he amount of money a company gets to deduct from its income tax bill by taking a tax credit in the name of jobs should be disclosed."

Why We Like This Book
The Great American Jobs Scam pulls no punches as it lays out its argument against corporate subsidies that cost tax dollars but offer few jobs or benefits to taxpayers. By promoting more transparency in the system and proposing many commonsense reforms to the problems he describes, LeRoy offers readers a thoughtful exposé that is based on numerous case studies and recent examples. Copyright © 2005 Soundview Executive Book Summaries

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781609943516
  • Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 7/21/2005
  • Series: 0
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 250
  • File size: 2 MB

Read an Excerpt

The Great American Jobs Scam

Corporate Tax Dodging and the Myth of Job Creation
By Greg LeRoy

Berrett-Koehler Publishers

Copyright © 2007 Greg LeRoy
All right reserved.




Introduction

Money for Nothing

Lurking within the records of most cities and states in America there lies a scandal. A tax scandal. A jobs scandal. A corporate and political scandal.

Look up the names of corporations that have received taxpayer subsidies in the name of jobs. Almost every big company has gotten them. In fact, the average state now has more than thirty economic development subsidies, many of which are locally granted by cities and counties. These subsidies include property tax abatements, corporate income tax credits, sales and excise tax exemptions, tax increment financing, low-interest loans and loan guarantees, free land and land write-downs, training grants, infrastructure aid-and just plain cash grants.

Chances are you will find companies-many companies-that have failed to create or retain as many jobs as they said they would. Companies that are paying poverty wages or failing to provide healthcare to their employees. Companies that are abandoning our cities and sprawling onto farmland and natural spaces. Even companies that are outsourcing jobs offshore.

Dig a little deeper and you'll undoubtedly find companies that have not created any new jobs-even some that have actually laid people off since they got the subsidies. Other companies that have gotten paid just to move existing jobs from one place toanother, where they are proclaimed to be "new jobs."

How can companies get away with this? Because the system is rigged. Corporations have it down to a science. They have learned how to chant "jobs, jobs, jobs" to win huge corporate tax breaks- and still do whatever they wanted to all along.

That's the Great American Jobs Scam: an intentionally constructed system that enables corporations to exact huge taxpayer subsidies by promising quality jobs-and then lets them fail to deliver. The other benefit often promised-higher tax revenues- often proves false as well.

This system costs taxpayers an estimated $50 billion a year in total spending by states and cities. The bottom of the iceberg-in every sense of the word-is the tax breaks. Those granted by states- income, sales, and excise taxes-are the least visible, least accountable, and most corrosive means by which states fund job creation. Those granted locally-in particular, property tax abatements and diversions-are especially harmful to schools.

This system has a long history and many moving parts. It can be traced at least as far back as the Great Depression, but it really matured by the 1970s. By then, most of the key actors were in place: secretive site location consultants who specialize in playing states and cities against each other; "business climate" experts, with their highly politicized interpretations of tax and jobs data; and an organized corporate network orchestrating attacks on state tax systems.

Today, this $50 billion-a-year pot has attracted an even more elaborate cast of characters: rented consultants proffering rosy projections about job creation and tax revenue; subsidy-tracking consultants to help companies avoid leaving money on the table; and even an embryonic industry that's helping businesses buy and sell economic development tax credits.

Perhaps we could overlook all this chicanery if the rising tide of money were lifting all the boats. But in return for all our taxpayer dollars we are not getting higher wages, better benefits, a stronger tax base, or better public services. Instead, for the last quarter century, most workers' wages have stagnated or fallen, healthcare has become less affordable and available, and pensions have shrunk in number and value. States and cities have developed structural budget deficits, forcing cutbacks in everything from school programs to infrastructure maintenance.

The only clear winners are large corporations. In return for building new facilities in many states, companies are actually getting negative income taxes. Subsidy packages routinely exceed $100,000 per job. Guess who's getting stuck with the tab. When the big boys pay less, either the rest of us pay more or the quality of our public services declines-and usually it's some of both.

At the core of this scandal are corrupted definitions of "competition" that obscure cause and effect. We must create no-tax zones for factories, say the governors, to be competitive with other states- even though the whole country is bleeding manufacturing jobs and the obvious issue is globalization. We have to create a new TIF district (that's "tax increment financing") and steal shoppers from neighboring suburbs, say the mayors, to compete for tax base-even though malls in older areas are dying.

Those who peddle and those who buy into these corrupted definitions salute the corporate bottom line while thumbing their noses at common sense, social science, and good government. These corruptions are the deliberate creations of a 50-year campaign by corporations to divide and conquer the states-as well as the suburbs. This corporate gospel of competition preaches that governments at all levels must not be allowed to cooperate with each other. Public relations campaigns, consulting studies, lobbying of federal and state legislators, litigation all the way to the Supreme Court-companies will do whatever it takes, but governments must not be allowed to work together against the corporate assault. They must be kept in the dark and allowed into the room only when it's time to talk about subsidies.

To that end, according to the gospel, states must not be allowed to compare notes to determine whether companies are lying about competing subsidy bids or cheating on their income taxes. Instead, states must only be allowed to compete to see which will tax the least corporate income, or which will give the biggest tax gift to a trophy deal.

Cities and suburbs must not be allowed to cooperate either, even though their fates hinge upon the health of their regional economies, not upon individual deals. Instead, localities must compete for tax base by pirating jobs and retail sales from each other, even though this means chewing up farmland for wasteful sprawl and throwing away older areas, poor people, and past infrastructure investments.

As public officials internalize these corrupted definitions, governments deliberately fail to cooperate with each other in the taxpayers' interest. Business becomes the alpha constituent. In these "public-private partnerships," government gets to play a single role: the dispenser of dollars. Blindfolded public officials practice job creation guided by wolves posing as Seeing Eye dogs. At every level, this system demeans and degrades public officials: the economic development official forced to bid for an unknown company against unknown competing sites; the school board members who have no say in the property tax abatements that will corrode their budget; the revenue director whose sober advice is upstaged by the frothy projections of an economist rented by the Chamber of Commerce; the governor who overspends on a "trophy" project because she so fears being known as "the governor who lost us Mercedes-Benz." Those who would dare to ask an impertinent question are quickly singled out for ridicule and isolation: they must be against jobs.

Besides creating corporate windfalls, the Great American Jobs Scam is causing all manner of collateral damage. It was used to blunt calls for trade reform long before NAFTA. It bankrolls the pirating of one state's jobs by another state. It corrodes state budgets. It subsidizes private prisons-and hundreds of Wal-Mart facilities. The Great American Jobs Scam is used to help bust unions. It subsidizes poverty-wage companies that saddle us with hidden taxpayer costs such as Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program bills. It is helping create a massive tax-burden shift away from big companies onto working families and small businesses. It is diverting precious resources away from the two investments that really do grow good jobs-skills and infrastructure. And just don't get me started about stadiums.

The scam has also created mass confusion about true cause and effect-about how little difference tax cuts and subsidies really make when it comes to jobs. The prevailing "business climate" ideology that plagues us today is a hangover from the meanest elements of the Old Economy. Our beliefs about taxes and jobs were shaped by a very politicized series of studies in the 1970s and 1980s that served the lobbying agenda of footloose manufacturers looking for cheap labor in the South on their way to Mexico or China. That agenda had no value for the rest of the economy then, and it is just what we don't need to succeed in the New Economy today.

Much of our prevailing ideology about jobs and land is a hangover from a manufacturing site location bias against cities and from a post-war consensus built around "white flight" from cities, concentrated poverty among people of color in older areas, and lots of subsidies for jobs out by the interstate-be they factory, office park, or Wal-Mart jobs. That consensus has left us with a sprawling, dysfunctional built environment that is harming our health and our economic competitiveness.

That the scam could get this far out of hand suggests a profound breakdown in whatever consensus we ever had about corporate responsibility to our society. The way you handle your money is your value system. By their rampant tax dodging, corporations are collectively saying: We don't care if the schools fall apart and the bridges are crumbling and the public health systems are impoverished and college is becoming unaffordable. We are not all in this together. We are not investing in our communities' futures. We are disinvesting.

The Great American Jobs Scam belongs in the dustbin of history. To put it there, we need strict accountability measures that will curtail private disinvestment and restore public reinvestment. By getting our taxpayer dollars out of private deals and into public goods, and by integrating our jobs strategy with land-use planning, we can spend less and get more.

We must eradicate the subsidy scams that have grown up around the corrupted definition of competition and replace them with a healthy new form of competition in which places compete based on their assets-their skilled labor base, their infrastructure, their schools and universities, their entrepreneurial culture, their quality of life-which are made equally available to all employers.

Fortunately, despite the siege of disinformation, there is a rich bipartisan history of reform that has created proven precedents for dismantling the scam. The most important of these is disclosure. When more information is available about the costs and benefits of the scam, many more people will get involved-and that's the scammers' darkest nightmare.

Getting a lot more people involved is the only way to challenge the prevailing ideology. You can see that ideology for yourself by going to any conference of economic development professionals and watching the public officials. You will never hear them crow about how well their working families are doing, about rising median incomes or declining dependency on Medicaid or fewer children suffering from asthma. But you will hear them touting big deals. And you will see them courting site location consultants and corporate vice presidents.

This is what economic development in the United States has become. Welcome to the Great American Jobs Scam.

(Continues...)



Excerpted from The Great American Jobs Scam by Greg LeRoy Copyright © 2007 by Greg LeRoy. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Introduction : money for nothing 1
1 The tax dodgers are coming! : the tax dodgers are coming! 9
2 Site location 101 : how companies decide where to expand or relocate 47
3 Fantus and the rise of the economic war among the states 68
4 "Single sales factor" and the corporate assault on the income tax 92
5 Property tax abatements and your local school 115
6 Subsidizing sprawl, subsidizing Wal-Mart 128
7 Loot, loot, loot for the home team 157
8 Shifting the burden 168
9 Building a new consensus for reform 185
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)