The Great Pox: The French Disease in Renaissance Europe

The Great Pox: The French Disease in Renaissance Europe

by Jon Arrizabalaga, John Henderson, Roger French
     
 

ISBN-10: 0300069340

ISBN-13: 9780300069341

Pub. Date: 02/27/1997

Publisher: Yale University Press

Sweeping across Renaissance Europe, the Great Pox brought to its victims on the continent a slow, agonizing, and disfiguring death. Based on a wide range of contemporary sources, this book is the first detailed account of the new plague-known to later generations as syphilis-and reactions to it in Italy, France, and Germany, where each society struggled to meet the…  See more details below

Overview

Sweeping across Renaissance Europe, the Great Pox brought to its victims on the continent a slow, agonizing, and disfiguring death. Based on a wide range of contemporary sources, this book is the first detailed account of the new plague-known to later generations as syphilis-and reactions to it in Italy, France, and Germany, where each society struggled to meet the challenges of the frightening new epidemic.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300069341
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
02/27/1997
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
6.33(w) x 9.41(h) x 1.31(d)

Table of Contents

List of Plates, Figures, Tables
Acknowledgments
Preface
1 Syphilis and the French Disease
Introduction: medicine and history
Laboratory Medicine and the New Ontology of Infectious Disease
The Historiography of the Pox
The Textual Tradition
The Biographical and Bibliographical Traditions
The Historical Tradition
The Columbian Question
Conclusion
2 The Arrival of the French Disease in Renaissance Italy: initial impact and lay reactions
Introduction
Chronicles and Mal Francese as a New Disease
Symptoms
Curable or Incurable?
Treatment of Mal Francese
Mortality
Conclusion: the lack of an official response
3 God's Punishment: lay perceptions of the French Disease in Ferrara
Introduction
Ercole d'Este and Girolamo Savonarola
Mal Francese Overtakes Ferrara
The Ailments of the Este Family
A Significant Silence
God's punishment for the sins of mankind
Mal Francese and sinful sexual activity
The disease of St Job
Conclusion
4 The Medical Dispute at the Court of Ferrara
Disputations and Disputes
The Circumstances of the Dispute
The Basics of Medicine
The Disputants
Nicolo Leoniceno
Sebastiano dall'Aquila
Coradinio Gilino
The Substance of the Dispute
Leoniceno and Hippcrates' diseases of summer
Dall'Aquila and Galen's elephantiasis
Gilino and the ignis sacer or persicus
Controversial Issues
Conclusion
5 The French Disease in Northern Europe: the case of Germany
Introduction
Disputation
Humanism
Pox and Literature
Reform
Astrology
6 The French Disease and the Papal Court
Introduction
The Problem with the Pox
Resources
Strategies
Astrology
Causes and Contagion
Diseases, Signs and Symptoms
Practice
Prevention
Treatment
Treatment with Heat
Two Controversial Remedies
The "dry stove"
Mercury
The Cardinal of Segorbe: a case study
7 The French Disease and the Hospitals for Incurables in Italy until 1530
Introduction
Phase One: the Company of Divine Love and Mal Francese in Genoa, 1496-1504
Bologna and Ferrara
Phase Two: Incurabili hospitals and Mal Francese, 1515-1530
Incurabili Hospitals in South and Central Italy
Rome
Naples and Florence
Incurabili Hospitals in Northern Italy and the Catholic Reform Movement
Conclusion
8 The French Disease and the Incurabili Hospitals, 1530-1600: the case of Rome
Introduction: developing reactions to Mal Francese and the poor
The New Orders and the Incurabili Hospitals
The Construction Programmes
Rome
Venice
Florence
Size and Treatment
The Patients at San Giacomo, 1550-1600
Admissions
Mortality
Length of stay
San Giacomo Admissions and Patient Symptoms
Symptoms
Diseased body parts
Social Status of Applicants
Patients and their clothes
Geographical Origins of Patients at San Giacomo
Conclusion
9 Catching the Pox: contagion
Introduction
Complexional Medicine
Sympathies and Subtleties
Contagion and Seeds
Contagion and Sympathy
Conclusion
10 The French Disease Grows Old
Introduction
Epidemics and Empirics
What is Disease?
The Galenic model
Names, essences and quiddites
Is the Pox a Disease at All?
Classification of Disease
A New Disease?
The French Disease Changes
The Material Basis of Disease
Sennert
Conclusion
Notes
Index

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