The Gymnasium of Virtue: Education and Culture in Ancient Sparta / Edition 2

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One of the first scientists to write and lecture about ecology, Wells introduced North Carolinians to the extraordinary tapestry of "natural gardens," or plant communities, within the state's borders back in 1932. This handsome revised edition of The Natural Gardens of North Carolina features new line drawings and color photographs, an appendix that updates the botanical nomenclature, an introduction that focuses on B. W. Wells and his passion for the state's landscape, and an afterword that discusses the continuing relevance of Wells's ideas.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
A book of major importance which should transform our understanding of the long-term development of Spartan society.

Journal of Hellenic Studies

Required reading for anyone interested in the study of Greek history and society and in the history of education.

History of Education Quarterly

An excellent book, a model not least for its close attention to the sources and insistence on justifiable historical methodology.

New England Classical Journal

Of great significance for collections in ancient history, history of education, and classics.


Kennell has transformed our understanding of how Sparta's much-debated system of state training evolved through antiquity.

Antony J. S. Spawforth, University of Newcastle

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780807858745
  • Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
  • Publication date: 5/1/2007
  • Series: Studies in the History of Greece and Rome Series
  • Edition description: 2
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Nigel M. Kennell is a faculty member in the College Year in Athens program at the International Center for Hellenic and Mediterranean Studies in Athens, Greece.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 3
Ch. 1 In the Track of the Famous Agoge 5
Ch. 2 Training Up the Youth 28
Ch. 3 The Contests of the Later Agoge 49
Ch. 4 The Lycurgan Customs 70
Ch. 5 The Inventor of the Agoge 98
Ch. 6 From Artemis to the Dioscuri 115
Conclusion 143
Appendix 1. Testimonia on the Whipping Contest 149
Appendix 2. The Status of Amyclae 162
Notes 171
Bibliography 219
Index 235
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