The Health Consequences of 'Modernisation': Evidence from Circumpolar Peoples

The Health Consequences of 'Modernisation': Evidence from Circumpolar Peoples

by Roy J. Shephard, Andris Rode
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521065569

ISBN-13: 9780521065566

Pub. Date: 02/28/2008

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

What are the health consequences of a transition from an active 'hunter-gatherer' lifestyle to that of sedentary modern living? In this book, the impact of 'modernization' is assessed in various populations in the circumpolar regions. The hazards of living in polar regions, and the adaptations shown culturally, behaviourally and physically by the indigenous peoples…  See more details below

Overview

What are the health consequences of a transition from an active 'hunter-gatherer' lifestyle to that of sedentary modern living? In this book, the impact of 'modernization' is assessed in various populations in the circumpolar regions. The hazards of living in polar regions, and the adaptations shown culturally, behaviourally and physically by the indigenous peoples are examined and the effect of changes in habitual activity, diet, and general lifestyle due to more urban living patterns on the body composition, pulmonary function and susceptibility to disease is discussed. The implications of this switch are important not only for all those concerned about the survival of indigenous communities around the world, but for all of us living increasingly sedentary, urban lives. Anthropologists, physiologists and those interested in population fitness will find this a comprehensive and valuable volume.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521065566
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
02/28/2008
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology Series, #17
Pages:
324
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1The circumpolar habitat and its peoples: traditional lifestyle and early research findings1
2Concepts of the International Biological Programme Human Adaptability Project, and IBP studies of circumpolar populations43
3Changes in social structure and behaviour58
4Secular trends in diet, metabolism and body composition87
5Secular trends in physical fitness and cold tolerance123
6Secular trends in respiratory hazards, lung function and respiratory disease151
7Secular trends in growth and development186
8Current health status of circumpolar populations225
9Postscript: lessons from traditional circumpolar life and options for the future251
References264
Index302

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