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The title of this book, The Hidden Treasure, was inspired by the famous statement by Allah (swt) "I was a hidden treasure; I wanted to be known" . I felt the saying accurately described her situation in history and more importantly her holy position. This research has taken almost three years and an abundance of diverse literature and patience. It has been a journey, beginning with importing texts from Beirut, spending time in the Imam Shirazi Library, the libraries at the Al-Mahdi Institute in Birmingham and the Al-Khoei Islamic Centre in London and the bookshops of Damascus. It has ended with this book and a humble heart which will always be impassioned by Lady Umm Kulthum's (s) cause. There are two chapters which demanded independent analysis; the chapters on her existence, and her marriage to the second Caliph, Umar al-Khattab. Some of the most eminent Shi'a historians who have written about Lady Umm Kulthum (s) have vehemently disagreed on both these issues and this made it very difficult to draw definite conclusions on these subjects. However, these are not debates that could be ignored, considering the objectives of the book. I felt it was imperative not to begin this study with any preconceived notions that would bias my conclusions. For the analysis of the existence of Lady Umm Kulthum (s), I was assisted by Ayatollah Sheikh Ali al-Hakim of the Islamic College in London who has performed extensive research in this area. The issue of her marriage to Umar required a thorough knowledge of all the views and possibilities. I primarily relied on the book Zawaaj Umm Kulthum (The Marriage of Umm Kulthum) by the renowned researcher Sayyid Ali Shahristani to provide me with sources and the perspectives of scholars from both schools of thought; however my conclusions have been predicated on personal observations in addition to those traditionally cited. Throughout the book, effort has been made to refer and commentate on the accounts and narrations attributed to Lady Umm Kulthum (s) from the original Arabic text. This is especially so in the chapter on Lady Umm Kulthum's (s) key contributions in Kerbala, Kufa and Damascus. As with all commentaries, these are based on evidence from the Holy Qur'an, authentic traditions from the Ahlul Bayt (a), an understanding of Islamic Sciences, as well as insighful reflections which have led to an appreciation of what Lady Umm Kulthum (s) may have been alluding to in her speech. Where Arabic words and phrases have been explained, the terms have been transliterated into English and diacritic marks (harakaat) have been used to show exact pronounciation. A transliteration table can be found in the Appendix. I pray that these efforts please her.