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As an insightful amateur historian, he traces the war's roots in prior hostilities between Greece and Persia and examines the relative merits of the Athenian League and the Spartan alliance. Scrupulously impartial and accurate, he presents detailed, knowledgeable accounts of the battles, in addition to dialogues reflecting the political atmosphere. This ancient tale of the rise and fall of a democratic empire bears numerous parallels with modern times. As the author remarked of his work, "I shall be satisfied if it be thought useful by those who wish to know the exact character of events now past which, human nature being what it is, will recur in similar or analogous forms."
|I.||The State of Greece from the earliest Times to the Commencement of the Peloponnesian War||1|
|II.||Causes of the War--The Affair of Epidamnus--The Affair of Potidaea||11|
|III.||Congress of the Peloponnesian Confederacy at Lacedaemon||28|
|IV.||From the end of the Persian to the beginning of the Peloponnesian War--The Progress from Supremacy to Empire||39|
|V.||Second Congress at Lacedaemon--Preparations for War and Diplomatic Skirmishes--Cylon--Pausanias--Themistocles||50|
|VI.||Beginning of the Peloponnesian War--First Invasion of Attica--Funeral Oration of Pericles||67|
|VII.||Second Year of the War--The Plague of Athens--Position and Policy of Pericles--Fall of Potidaea||87|
|VIII.||Third Year of the War--Investment of Plataea--Naval Victories of Phormio--Thracian Irruption into Macedonia under Sitalces||99|
|IX.||Fourth and Fifth Years of the War--Revolt of Mitylene||119|
|X.||Fifth Year of the War--Trial and Execution of the Plataeans--Corcyraean Revolution||140|
|XI.||Sixth Year of the War--Campaigns of Demosthenes in Western Greece--Ruin of Ambracia||155|
|XII.||Seventh Year of the War--Occupation of Pylos--Surrender of the Spartan Army in Sphacteria||169|
|XIII.||Seventh and Eighth Years of the War--End of Corcyraean Revolution--Peace of Gela--Capture of Nisaea||187|
|XIV.||Eighth and Ninth Years of the War--Invasion of Boeotia--Fall of Amphipolis--Brilliant Successes of Brasidas||200|
|XV.||Tenth Year of the War--Death of Cleon and Brasidas--Peace of Nicias||229|
|XVI.||Feeling against Sparta in Peloponnese--League of the Mantineans, Eleans, Argives, and Athenians--Battle of Mantinea and Breaking up of the League||240|
|XVII.||Sixteenth Year of the War--The Melian Conference--Fate of Melos||267|
|XVIII.||Seventeenth Year of the War--The Sicilian Campaign--Affair of the Hermae--Departure of the Expedition||275|
|XIX.||Seventeenth Year of the War--Parties at Syracuse--Story of Harmodius and Aristogiton--Disgrace of Alcibiades||290|
|XX.||Seventeenth and Eighteenth Years of the War--Inaction of the Athenian Army--Alcibiades at Sparta--Investment of Syracuse||303|
|XXI.||Eighteenth and Nineteenth Years of the War--Arrival of Gylippus at Syracuse--Fortification of Decelea--Successes of the Syracusans||325|
|XXII.||Nineteenth Year of the War--Arrival of Demosthenes--Defeat of the Athenians at Epipolae--Folly and Obstinacy of Nicias||344|
|XXIII.||Nineteenth Year of the War--Battles in the Great Harbour--Retreat and Annihilation of the Athenian Army||349|
|XXIV.||Nineteenth and Twentieth Years of the War--Revolt of Ionia--Intervention of Persia--The War in Ionia||369|
|XXV.||Twentieth and Twenty-first Years of the War--Intrigues of Alcibiades--Withdrawal of the Persian Subsidies--Oligarchical Coup d'Etat at Athens--Patriotism of the Army at Samos||387|
|XXVI.||Twenty-first Year of the War--Recall of Alcibiades to Samos--Revolt of Euboea and Downfall of the Four Hundred--Battle of Cynossema||403|
Posted May 7, 2008
I read this book while studying greek history. It was hard for me to understand at first but i got the hang of it after a while. It was an amazing first hand account of everything that went on during the war and it is loaded with history. I learned a lot from it about the governments of Athens and Sparta and loads of other places and people in ancient greece along with battle tactics and such. Even though it was a dificult read I am amazed at how much i learned and i don't know how any study of ancient greece could do without it. I would not suggest it for anyone younger than twelve which was how old i was when i read it but like i said it was dificult for me at that age and is not really the kind of book that will keep you on the edge of your seat the whole time. I would encourage everyone to read it, it is a great book and a definate classic.
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Posted March 23, 2011
The conflict of the Second or Great Peloponnesian War lasted from 431-404 BCE. It was a fratricidal war that divided the Grecian city-states into the two spheres of the Lacedaemonian Confederation and the Athenian Hegemony. The Delian League that was to act as a defensive perimeter of the Grecians and stave off future Persian invasions transformed into a power that was dominated by a single hegemonic state: the Athenian polis. The period of the First Athenian Hegemony lasted from 478-404 BCE and it was essentially a thalassocracy. A thalassocracy is a political entity whose sole basis for its supremacy or even its very existence depends on the mastery of the seas and the dominance of its navies. As soon as the Athenians were defeated at the naval engagement at Aegospotami in 405 BCE, the Athenian port of Piraeus was blockaded and with the destruction of its naval forces and the loss of its former maritime supremacy, the Athenian Hegemony collapsed. The Athenian response to the Lacedaemonian threat was the Periclean Strategy which was divided into three main strategic points: 1. Offensive assaults by sea [For the constant harassment of Lacedaemonian and Lacedaemonian allied coastal cities and for the seizure of poorly defended regions that were accessible by sea], 2. A defensive stance on land; a policy of containment [The Athenians would allow the Lacedaemonians to ravage the adjacent lands and the surrounding countryside in Attica while Athens itself and the port of Piraeus were well-defended with the Long Walls, and 3. The maintenance of foreign trade [While the Athenians formed a stranglehold on its inveterate foes through the might of its formidable fleets, Athens would enrich itself with trade maintained with foreign states].
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Posted December 25, 2009
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