The Holocaust in Romania: The Destruction of Jews and Gypsies Under the Antonescu Regime, 1940-1944

Overview

In 1930, 757,000 Jews lived in Romania; they constituted the third largest Jewish community in Europe. Today not more than 14,000 Jews live in Romania, most of them elderly. The record of the Holocaust in Romania includes many curious chapters of support and betrayal, but they have been largely unavailable until now. Radu Ioanid’s account based upon privileged access to secret East European government archives, is an unprecedented analysis of heretofore purposely hidden materials. Archival records, published and ...

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The Holocaust in Romania: The Destruction of Jews and Gypsies Under the Antonescu Regime, 1940-1944

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Overview

In 1930, 757,000 Jews lived in Romania; they constituted the third largest Jewish community in Europe. Today not more than 14,000 Jews live in Romania, most of them elderly. The record of the Holocaust in Romania includes many curious chapters of support and betrayal, but they have been largely unavailable until now. Radu Ioanid’s account based upon privileged access to secret East European government archives, is an unprecedented analysis of heretofore purposely hidden materials. Archival records, published and unpublished reports, memoirs of survivors, letters—Mr. Ioanid uses all these elements to build an accurate perspective on Romanian policies of racism, anti-Semitism, and Jewish extermination during the regime of Ion Antonescu. The publication of The Holocaust in Romania is timely as well as important, for there is now in Romania a growing effort to deny the government’s role in the tragedy. Mr. Ioanid sheds light on the reality of the persecutions, the cruelty of the perpetrators, their blatant opportunism and endless cynicism. The story is one of destruction and survival; of German dissatisfaction with Romanian ad hoc violence; of an elusive national policy and the strategies of Romanian authorities that allowed 300,000 Romanian Jews to survive the war. "Invaluable...monumental...no comparable work in any language has documented this important history with the thoroughness, skill, and analytical sophistication this book demonstrates.”—Leo Spitzer, Dartmouth College. Published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. With 8 pages of photographs.

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Editorial Reviews

CHOICE
Excellent...interesting and creative.
The New York Review Of Books
Careful and informative.
The Wall Street Journal
Mr. Ioanid recounts in chilling detail the savage persecution of the Jews...an especially timely book.
— Tom Gross
The Wall Street Journal - Tom Gross
Mr. Ioanid recounts in chilling detail the savage persecution of the Jews...an especially timely book.
Choice
Excellent...interesting and creative.
Wall Street Journal
Mr. Ioanid recounts in chilling detail the savage persecution of the Jews...an especially timely book.
— Tom Gross
Choice
Excellent...interesting and creative.
New York Review Of Books
Careful and informative.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781566637718
  • Publisher: Dee, Ivan R. Publisher
  • Publication date: 2/18/2008
  • Pages: 380
  • Sales rank: 1,390,133
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Radu Ioanid was born and grew up in Bucharest, Romania. He is now director of the Benjamin and Vladka Meed Registry of Jewish Holocaust Survivors at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. Mr. Ioanid’s other books include The Sword of the Archangel: Fascist Ideology in Romania. He lives in Chevy Chase, Maryland.

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Sort by: Showing all of 3 Customer Reviews
  • Posted September 5, 2009

    more from this reviewer

    It is not a solid research

    It could have been a good book. But the hate prevails on objectivity. It is not a credible book, it is closer to distortions and generalizations.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 28, 2005

    A disappointment

    Ioanid¿s errors and sloppy scholarship may have easily been forgiven provided that he produced sound historical research that would open this much-ignored field to other, more competent, historians. Unfortunately this work is marked by a deliberate attempt to mislead the reader, suppress existing knowledge, and use information out of context. Then there¿s the rampant generalizations ¿ the list goes on. The result of this intellectual sloppiness is that many of the critical questions about the Holocaust are left unanswered. Why was the killing of Jews so unevenly distributed? The areas occupied by Hungarian (Northern Transylvania) and German (Transnistria) troops saw over 90% of their Jews exterminated in marked contrast to Romania¿s heartland were almost no Jews were killed. What caused anti-Semitism in this region? Ioanid suggests that this is a Nazi-like racial hatred but there¿s significant proof that there were nationalist and socio-economic motives. Ioanid also inexplicably ignores the differences between the treatment of Romanian (assimilated) and Russian Jews (automatically and unfairly assumed to be Bolshevik sympathizers). Why did Gypsies experience significantly less violence than in other occupied states and why were they killed less frequently than Jews? Ioanid fudges numbers and facts. He claims that Carol II was an anti-Semite when in fact he kept and later married a Jewish mistress. Many of Romania¿s fascists, not to mention the general population, were opposed or ambivalent about the extermination ¿ when aware of it. This book is totally devoid of nuance, demonizing the Romanians at every turn. The triumphalist tone of the book, from Wiesel¿s acerbic forward to Ioanid¿s flawed conclusions, is likely to stifle future research and suggests that this work was undertaken not to pursue truth but to advance a contemporary political agenda (collectively shaming Romanians for crimes that were largely perpetrated by a few radical Romanian fascists and many Hungarian and German soldiers). This work has no saving grace. What¿s worse is that there is no ¿definitive¿ book on the Romanian holocaust out there that I could recommend ¿ a real pity considering how much there is to learn. I can only hope the burgeoning interest will lead to better scholarship.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 27, 2003

    comment on statitics

    That very large numbers of Romania's Jewish population perished during the WW2 period is without question, but to say as evidence that only 14,000 Jewish Romanians remain now as proof of the shameless killing is misleading. What about the 450,000 Romanian Jewish people who were permitted to emigrate to Israel during the post war Ceasescu period? Sure the Romanian dictator charged money for exit permits, but this isn't the issue.

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