The Huddled Masses: The Immigrant in American Society, 1880 - 1921, 2nd Edition / Edition 2

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In the two decades since the first edition of this tremendously successful book appeared, a vast scholarship undertaken by historians, sociologists, economists, and cultural anthropologists has altered the contours of American immigration history, challenging scholars to rethink long-held perspectives.

Insights derived from these diverse sources enrich the second edition of this popular text and have prompted important changes in emphasis and interpretation. Thoughtfully written to help student readers appreciate the varied pre- and post-migration experiences of the many groups and individuals who came to, and came to shape, the United States during this busy period, The Huddled Masses is essential reading for all enrolled in the United States history survey as well as specialized courses in Immigration and Ethnic Studies.

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Editorial Reviews

This second edition of a popular supplementary text (the first edition was published in 1982) is enriched by insights from two decades of scholarship undertaken by historians, sociologists, economists, and cultural anthropologists contributing to the field of American immigration history. It explores the busiest era in US immigration history, describing the immigrant experience from admission procedures at immigration depots to work and mobility, assimilation, and immigrants' responses to nativism. Includes b&w photos. Kraut teaches history at American University. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780882959344
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 1/28/2001
  • Series: American History Series, #19
  • Edition description: 2
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 267
  • Sales rank: 1,329,594
  • Product dimensions: 5.52 (w) x 8.00 (h) x 0.66 (d)

Meet the Author

Alan M. Kraut is Professor of History at AmericanUniversity in Washington, D.C., where he has taught since 1974, Inaddition to teaching at American University, in 1995, he wasVisiting Professor in the History of Science at Harvard University.He is a specialist in U.S. immigration and ethnic history, thehistory of medicine I the United States, and nineteenth centuryU.S. social history. Dr. Kraut is the author of four books and overa hundred articles and book reviews. His books besides The HuddledMasses: The Immigrant in American Society, 1880-1921, secondEdition (2001), include an edited volume, Crusaders andCompromisers: Essays on the Relationship of the AntislaveryStruggle to the Antebellum Party System (1983), American RefugeePolicy and European Jewry, 1933-1945 (co-authored), and SilentTravelers: Germs, Genes, and the “Immigrant Menace”(1994). He is also the editor of the Records of the Immigration andNaturalization Service in the National Archives of the UnitedStates published in microfilm by University Publication of America(1991=present). Silent Travelers won several national awards,including the Theodore Saloutos Award from the Immigration andEthnic history Society and the Phi Alpha Theta Award for the BestBook in History by an established author. Dr. Kraut’sscholarship has been supported by grants and fellowships from theRockefeller Foundation, The National Endowment for the Humanities,the Smithsonian Institution, the American Philosophical Society,and the National Institutes of Health.

In April 2000, he became the President of the Immigration andEthnic History Society, the largest organization of immigrationscholars in the country. He also serves on the Executive Committeeof the Academic Council of the American Jewish Historical Societyand the Executive Board of the Society for the History of theGilded Age and Progressive Era. He is a member of the editorialboard of the Journal of American Ethnic History and has previouslyserves as a member of the editorial board of The Journal ofImmigrant Health.

An active public historian on immigration and public healthmatters, Dr. Kraut has served as a member of the Statue ofLiberty-Ellis Island History Committee, a consultant to theNational park Service, and an adviser to the Lower East SideTenement Museum (NYC), the Stanford L. Ziff Jewish Museum ofFlorida, and the Strawbery-Banke Museum (Portsmouth, NewHampshire). He has been a historical consultant to documentariesbroadcast on the Public Broadcasting Station and the HistoryChannel./ These include “Journey to America” (1989),“America and the Holocaust: Deceit and Indifference Fear: TheStory of Polio” (1998) and “Maters of Life andDeath” and “In Search of Ourselves,” two episodesin the PBS Series, A Science Odyssey (1998). As a member of theCommittee on the Health and Adjustment of Immigrant Children andFamilies of the National Research Council, Dr. Kraut Participatedin a two-year study, From Generation to Generation: The Health andWell-Being of Children in Immigrant Families (1998).

Dr. Kraut was awarded the University Faculty Award forOutstanding Teaching in 1984. For the academic year 1999/2000 hewas named American University’s Scholar/Teacher of the Year,the Institution’s highest academic honor.

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Table of Contents

Foreword vii

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1

Chapter One Emigration: A Matter of Change and Choice 15

Chapter Two The Journey and the Reception 52

Chapter Three Smokestacks and Pushcarts: Work and Mobility in Industrial America 86

Chapter Four Integrating the Immigrant in City and Countryside: Newcomer and Nation Transformed 126

Chapter Five Nativism and the End of Unlimited Entry 173

Chapter Six Conclusion 214

Bibliographical Essay 227

Index 259


Decennial Immigration to the United States, 1890-1919 34

Decennial Immigration to the United States From China and Japan, 1880-1929 40

Photographs follow page 172

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