The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs

The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs

by Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use, National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309091632

ISBN-13: 9780309091633

Pub. Date: 08/06/2004

Publisher: National Academies Press

The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the President’s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nation’s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the

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Overview

The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the President’s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nation’s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the hydrogen economy to assist in the development of its hydrogen R&D program. Included in the assessment were the current state of technology; future cost estimates; CO2 emissions; distribution, storage, and end use considerations; and the DOE RD&D program. The report provides an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel in the nation’s future energy economy and describes a number of important challenges that must be overcome if it is to make a major energy contribution. Topics covered include the hydrogen end-use technologies, transportation, hydrogen production technologies, and transition issues for hydrogen in vehicles.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309091633
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
08/06/2004
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

1Introduction8
2A framework for thinking about the hydrogen economy11
3The demand side : hydrogen end-use technologies25
4Transportation, distribution, and storage of hydrogen37
5Supply chains for hydrogen and estimated costs of hydrogen supply45
6Implications of a transition to hydrogen in vehicles for the U.S. energy system64
7Carbon capture and storage84
8Hydrogen production technologies91
9Crosscutting issues106
10Major messages of this report116
App. ABiographies of committee members129
App. BLetter report133
App. CDOE hydrogen program budget137
App. DPresentations and committee meetings139
App. ESpreadsheet data from hydrogen supply chain cost analyses141
App. FU.S. energy systems194
App. GHydrogen production technologies : additional discussion198
App. HUseful conversions and thermodynamic properties240

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