The Immanent Person of the Holy Spirit from Anselm to Lombard: Divine Communion in the Spirit

Overview

This study shows that there has not yet been any comprehensive study of the person of the Holy Spirit in the twelfth century, and that such a study has something to add to concepts of twelfth-century thought as well as modern debates in pneumatology. The richness of debate that took place with the advent of scholasticism, and its clashes with more traditional approaches to Christian study, raised issues about western conceptions of the Spirit that were both grounded in scripture and the church fathers' writings, ...

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Overview

This study shows that there has not yet been any comprehensive study of the person of the Holy Spirit in the twelfth century, and that such a study has something to add to concepts of twelfth-century thought as well as modern debates in pneumatology. The richness of debate that took place with the advent of scholasticism, and its clashes with more traditional approaches to Christian study, raised issues about western conceptions of the Spirit that were both grounded in scripture and the church fathers' writings, and thoroughly tested by reason and debate.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Matthew Knell is a Cross-Cultural Consultant and doing independent research in theology and academic editing. He completed his doctorate, on which this book is based, at London School of Theology.

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Table of Contents

Foreword Dennis Ngien xiii

Acknowledgements xv

Abbreviations xvii

Chapter 1 Introduction and the State of Current Research 1

Introduction 1

The Theological Climate 2

The Importance of the Holy Spirit 3

The Focus of the Book 4

The Writers 5

The Structure of the Book 6

The Twelfth Century in the Context of Previous Western Thought on the Holy Spirit 7

The State of Current Research 7

Works on Medieval Thought 7

Works on the Holy Spirit 9

Studies of Individual Authors 11

Works on Specific Issues in the Twelfth Century 21

Conclusion 22

Chapter 2 Anselm of Canterbury and Anselm of Havelberg 24

Anselm of Canterbury 26

The Monologion and Proslogion 26

De Processione Spiritus Sancti 30

Anselm of Havelberg 36

Conclusion 41

Chapter 3 Peter Abelard 43

Abelard's 'Heresies' Concerning the Person of the Holy Spirit 45

Power, Wisdom, Goodness 46

The World Soul 49

Abelard's Orthodoxy Concerning the Holy Spirit 53

Unity in Trinity 53

The Holy Spirit as Love, Will, Gift, Unity 54

The Procession of the Holy Spirit 58

Conclusion 59

Chapter 4 William of St. Thierry and Bernard of Clairvaux 61

The Disputes with Peter Abelard and William of Conches 62

The Holy Spirit as the Goodness or Will of God 64

The Person of the Holy Spirit 65

Unity 66

Love 70

Sweetness, Embrace, Kiss 71

Gift 72

Will 73

Goodness 74

William and Bernard's Overall Understanding of the Holy Spirit 76

Conclusion 77

Chapter 5 Hugh and Richard of St. Victor 79

Power, Wisdom, Goodness 81

Hugh 81

Richard 83

Love 85

Hugh 85

Richard 87

The Holy Spirit as Mutual Love 87

Proving the Trinity from Love 88

Giving and Receiving Love: The Processionand Mission of the Holy Spirit 91

Union 93

Conclusion 95

Chapter 6 Peter Lombard 96

The Procession of the Holy Spirit 97

Primacy in Procession 98

Mode of Procession 99

Love 102

Gift 108

Goodness 110

Conclusion 112

Chapter 7 Love 113

Augustine 113

The Holy Spirit as the Mutual Love of the Father and Son 115

Expansion of the Idea of Love 117

Sweetness, Embrace, Kiss 117

Complaceo and Condilectio 118

Equality of the Spirit with the Father and the Son 119

On Whether Mutual Love Implies that there are Two Spirits 120

Owing Love 121

On Whether Father and Son Love with the Love that Proceeds from Them 122

Analogies Involving the Holy Spirit as Love 124

Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit 125

The Economic Role of the Holy Spirit as Love 125

Conclusion 127

Chapter 8 Goodness 129

The Power, Wisdom, Goodness Debate 129

Goodness as the Primary Concept of the Holy Spirit 132

Goodness and the Procession of the Holy Spirit 133

Goodness and the Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit 134

Goodness Linked to Other Concepts About the Holy Spirit 136

Goodness and the Economic Role of the Holy Spirit 138

Conclusion 140

Chapter 9 Will 141

Augustine 141

Use of Augustine's Thought on Will in the Twelfth Century 143

Twelfth-Century Descriptions of the Holy Spirit as Will 145

Will and Love 145

Will and Goodness 146

Will and Unity 147

Will and Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit 148

Will and the Economic Role of the Holy Spirit 148

Conclusion 150

Chapter 10 Gift 151

Augustine 151

The Role of the Holy Spirit as Gift in the World 154

The Holy Spirit as Gift in His Immanent State 156

The Holy Spirit: Eternally a Gift 156

Gift as a Relative Term for the Immanent Holy Spirit 158

On Whether the Holy Spirit can be said to Give Himself 159

Conclusion: The Procession of the Holy Spirit as Gift 160

Chapter 11 Union 163

Augustine 164

The Holy Spirit as Union in Twelfth-Century Thought 166

Association of Unity with Love in the Person of the Holy Spirit 170

The Holy Spirit as Union in His Economic State 172

Conclusion 174

Chapter 12 The Procession of the Holy Spirit 176

Basic Processional Issues 176

The Dual Procession of the Holy Spirit 176

Primacy in Procession 177

Unique Relationships Within the Trinity 178

The Equality of the Holy Spirit in His Procession 179

The Mode of Procession of the Holy Spirit 180

The Holy Spirit Proceeding as the Unity of Father and Son 181

The Holy Spirit's Procession as Mutual Love 182

Other Processional Terms Regarding the Holy Spirit 183

A Twelfth-Century Perspective of the Procession of the Holy Spirit 183

Chapter 13 Conclusion 186

Bibliography 191

Index 207

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