The Insistence of the Indian: Race and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century American Culture

The Insistence of the Indian: Race and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century American Culture

by Susan Scheckel
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691059640

ISBN-13: 9780691059648

Pub. Date: 09/21/1998

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Americans' first attempts to forge a national identity coincided with the apparent need to define--and limit--the status and rights of Native Americans. During these early decades of the nineteenth century, the image of the "Indian" circulated throughout popular culture--in the novels of James Fenimore Cooper, plays about Pocahontas, Indian captivity narratives,

Overview

Americans' first attempts to forge a national identity coincided with the apparent need to define--and limit--the status and rights of Native Americans. During these early decades of the nineteenth century, the image of the "Indian" circulated throughout popular culture--in the novels of James Fenimore Cooper, plays about Pocahontas, Indian captivity narratives, Black Hawk's autobiography, and visitors' guides to the national capitol. In exploring such sources as well as the political and legal rhetoric of the time, Susan Scheckel argues that the "Indian question" was intertwined with the ways in which Americans viewed their nation's past and envisioned its destiny. She shows how the Indians provided a crucial site of reflection upon national identity. And yet the Indians, by being denied the natural rights upon which the constitutional principles of the United States rested, also challenged American convictions of moral ascendancy and national legitimacy.

Scheckel investigates, for example, the Supreme Court's decision on Indian land rights and James Fenimore Cooper's popular frontier romance The Pioneers: both attempted to legitimate American claims to land once owned by Indians and to assuage guilt associated with the violence of conquest by incorporating the Indians in a version of the American political "family." Alternatively, the widely performed Pocahontas plays dealt with the necessity of excluding Indians politically, but also portrayed these original inhabitants as embodying the potential of the continent itself. Such examples illustrate a gap between principles and practice. It is from this gap, according to the author, that the nation emerged, not as a coherent idea or a realist narrative, but as an ongoing performance that continues to play out, without resolution, fundamental ambivalences of American national identity.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691059648
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
09/21/1998
Pages:
184
Product dimensions:
6.15(w) x 9.28(h) x 0.59(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments
1The "Indian Problem" and the Question of National Identity3
2Cooper and the Sources of American National Identity15
3Domesticating the Drama of Conquest: Pocahontas on the Popular Stage41
4Mary Jemison and the Domestication of the American Indians70
5Black Hawk's Life: The Indian as Subject of History99
6A Guide to Remembrance: The Capitol Tour and the Construction of a U.S. Citizenry127
Notes153
Works Cited181
Index193

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