The Jesuits: Cultures,Sciences,and the Arts,1540-1773

Overview

In recent years scholars in a range of disciplines have begun to re-evaluate the history of the Society of Jesus. Approaching the subject with new questions and methods, they have reconsidered the importance of the Society in many sectors, including those related to the sciences and the arts. They have also looked at the Jesuits as emblematic of certain traits of early modern Europeans, especially as those Europeans interacted with 'the Other' in Asia and the Americas.

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Overview

In recent years scholars in a range of disciplines have begun to re-evaluate the history of the Society of Jesus. Approaching the subject with new questions and methods, they have reconsidered the importance of the Society in many sectors, including those related to the sciences and the arts. They have also looked at the Jesuits as emblematic of certain traits of early modern Europeans, especially as those Europeans interacted with 'the Other' in Asia and the Americas.

Originating in an international conference held at Boston College in 1997, the thirty-five essays here reflect this new historiographical trend. Focusing on the Old Society- the Society before its suppression in 1773 by papal edict- they examine the worldwide Jesuit undertaking in such fields as music, art, architecture, devotional writing, mathematics, physics, astronomy, natural history, public performance, and education, and they give special attention to the Jesuits' interaction with non-European cultures, in North and South America, China, India, and the Philippines. A picture emerges not only of the individual Jesuit, who might be missionary, diplomat, architect, and playwright over the course of his life in the Society, but also of the immense and many-faceted Jesuit enterprise as forming a kind of 'cultural ecosystem'.

The Jesuits of the Old Society liked to think they had a way of proceeding special to themselves. The question, Was there a Jesuit style, a Jesuit corporate culture? is the thread that runs through this interdisciplinary collection of studies.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780802042873
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division
  • Publication date: 12/28/1999
  • Edition number: 74
  • Pages: 872
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 2.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Gauvin Alexander Bailey is an associate Professor in the Department of Visual and Performing Arts at Clark University.

Steven J. Harris is a professor at the Jesuit Institute, Boston College.

John W. O'Malley, S.J., is professor in the Department of Church History at the Weston Jesuit School of Theology.

T. Frank Kennedy, S.J. is a professor in and chair of the Department of Music at Boston College.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Contributors
Introduction
Abbreviations
1 The Historiography of the Society of Jesus: Where Does It Stand Today? 3
2 'Le style jesuite n'existe pas': Jesuit Corporate Culture and the Visual Arts 38
3 The Fertility and the Shortcomings of Renaissance Rhetoric: The Jesuit Case 90
4 The Cultural Field of Jesuit Science 107
5 Two Farnese Cardinals and the Question of Jesuit Taste 134
6 Jesuit Thesis Prints and the Festive Academic Defence at the Collegio Romano 148
7 From 'The Eyes of All' to 'Usefull Quarries in philosophy and good literature': Consuming Jesuit Science, 1600-1665 170
8 Music History in the Musurgia universalis of Athanasius Kircher 190
9 Mapping Jesuit Science: The Role of Travel in the Geography of Knowledge 212
10 Jesuits, Jupiter's Satellites, and the Academie Royale des Sciences 241
11 Exemplo aeque ut verbo: The French Jesuits' Missionary World 258
12 East and West: Jesuit Art and Artists in Central Europe, and Central European Art in the Americas 274
13 The Role of the Jesuits in the Transfer of Secular Baroque Culture to the Rio de la Plata Region 305
14 Candide and a Boat 317
15 Alessandro Valignano: The Jesuits and Culture in the East 336
16 Jesuit Corporate Culture As Shaped by the Chinese 352
17 Translation as Cultural Reform: Jesuit Scholastic Psychology in the Transformation of the Confucian Discourse on Human Nature 364
18 The Truth-Showing Mirror: Jesuit Catechism and the Arts in Mughal India 380
19 Roberto de Nobili's Dialogue on Eternal Life and an Early Jesuit Evaluation of Religion in South India 402
20 The Jesuits and the Indigenous Peoples of the Philippines 418
21 Bernini's Image of the Ideal Christian Monarch 442
22 Innovation and Assimilation: The Jesuit Contribution to Architectural Development in Portuguese India 480
23 God's Good Taste: The Jesuit Aesthetics of Juan Bautista Villalpando in the Sixth and Tenth Centuries B.C.E. 505
24 Jesuit Aristotelian Education: The De anima Commentaries 522
25 Jesuit Physics in Eighteenth-Century Germany: Some Important Continuities 538
26 The Jesuits and Polish Sarmatianism 555
27 The Art of Salvation in Bavaria 568
28 Henry Hawkins: A Jesuit Writer and Emblematist in Stuart England 600
29 Jesuit Casuistry or Jesuit Spirituality? The Roots of Seventeenth-Century British Puritan Practical Divinity 627
30 The Use of Music by the Jesuits in the Conversion of the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil 641
31 The Jesuits in Manila, 1581-1621: The Role of Music in Rite, Ritual, and Spectacle 659
32 Jesuit Devotions and Retablos in New Spain 680
Reflections: What Have We Learned? Where Do We Go from Here? 699
Index 717
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