The Jew in the American World: A Source Book / Edition 1

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Overview

The Jew in the American World is a complete documentary history of the Jewish people in North America from the late sixteenth century to the present. A compilation of previously published archival sources chronicling the evolving domestic, religious, and political experiences of the Jews, this important volume provides the first complete single-volume reference source for American Jewish history.

Once again, Jacob Rader Marcus has created a vivid and insightful portrait of the life and culture of Jews. He has compiled materials—the majority of which were written by Jews culled from diverse sources and ranging in subject from the establishment of the first Jewish day school in the mid-eighteenth century to the plight of Ethiopian Jews in 1991. Many articles highlight the role played by women in the community and the significant contributions made by various Jewish figures. The ideal companion to Marcus's United States Jewry, 1776-1985, The Jew in the American World is an invaluable work, essential for studying and understanding the American Jew.

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Editorial Reviews

Jewish Book World
A complete documentary history of the Jewish people in North America from the late 16th century to the present. This compilation of previously published archival sources chronicles the experiences of the Jews in all walks of life. The book is divided chronologically and the author provides an introduction to each section to provide historical context.
Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
Rabbi Marcus (United State Jewry, 1776-1995), known as "the Dean of Jewish American Historians," completed this volume, a companion to his four-volume Jewry, just before his death in 1995 at age 99. This final Marcus work is the only extant one-volume comprehensive collection of original documents pertaining to Jewish life in the U.S. from colonial times to the present. It is also a remarkable work, destined to have the wide usage the Rabbi's other books have enjoyed. The documents are arranged chronologically, then subdivided according to subject matter. Each historical period has a brief introduction, displaying not only the editor's grasp of the flow of history but also his skill and wit. The result is an important book that offers scholars an excellent tool for research and, perhaps even more significantly, lay people an intriguing look at the many facets of the changing religious, domestic and political lives of Jews in this country. (Feb.)
Library Journal
Drawing upon primary-source material such as personal letters, newspaper and journal articles, archival records, yearbooks, and the like, Marcus, the founder of the American Jewish Archives at the Hebrew Union College/Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, has compiled a monumental documentary history of the Jews and Jewish life in America from 1585 to 1991. Its 64 chapters cover a fascinating array of subjects such as immigration, history, religious life, education, philanthropy, social welfare, culture, and the arts. Marcus prefaces each chapter with a brief introduction to its contents. A valuable primary source for scholars working in the field but rather specialized for all but the largest public libraries. (Index not seen.)Robert A. Silver, formerly with Shaker Heights P.L., Ohio
Booknews
A translation of the 6th edition (1987, Nauka Press, Moscow) of a textbook which had been extensively revised and augmented as compared with the 2nd edition (1957, Nauka Press, Moscow; translation into English, Pergamon Press, 1966). Material is organized into sections that include, among others, basic operations of the field; the kinematics of a continuous medium; distribution of mass and force in a continuous medium; irrotational motions of an ideal medium; turbulent flows of incompressible viscous fluid; and some numerical methods for solving equations of hydrogas dynamics. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780814325483
  • Publisher: Wayne State University Press
  • Publication date: 8/28/1995
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 663
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Jacon Rader Marcus was the founder and director of the American Jewish Archives at the Hebrew Union College/Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, where he was a member of the faculty for more than seventy years. He authored numerous books on American and European history, including The Jew in the Medieval World, The Colonial American Jew, 1493-1776, and United States of Jewry, 1776-1985.
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Table of Contents

Preface 23
1 The Coming of the Jews to British and Dutch North America, 1585-1655 27
2 Political Rights and Disabilities under the English, 1669-1762 34
3 Living as a Jew in a Christian Community, 1658-1760 40
4 Culture and Acculturation, 1722-1770 45
5 How They Made a Living, 1754-1763 50
6 The Colonial Jewish Community, 1728 to ca. 1770 57
7 Jewish Education, 1755-1762 67
8 Jewish Culture in British North America, 1766 70
9 Charity, Social Welfare, Compassion, 1755-1773 73
10 Jewish Social Life in the North American English Colonies, 1761-1773 79
11 The Concept of Kelal Yisrael in Colonial America, 1759-1774 84
12 Political Rights of American Jews, 1776-1809 93
13 Jews in the General Community, 1780-1816 105
14 The Cultural Level of American Jewry, 1810-1839 115
15 Making A Living in the United States, 1782-1840 123
16 American Jewish Communities, 1810-1812 131
17 Religious Life in the United States, 1787-1826 139
18 Educating Young Jews, 1821-1850s 147
19 Jewish Culture, 1820-1840 157
20 Social Welfare Activity, 1819-1837 164
21 A Jewish Family in the Old South, 1812-1837 171
22 The Kinship of All Jews, 1818-1840 177
23 The Coming of the Germans, 1853-1880 190
24 Jew-Hatred and General Grant, 1862-1870 196
25 The Jew as Citizen, 1862-1888 203
26 The Secular Culture of the American Jew, 1855-1896 210
27 The Jew and the Economy, 1861-1895 219
28 The Attempts to Create a National American Jewish Community, 1841-1906 228
29 Judaism Under the Germans, 1873-1902 238
30 Jewish Education and Culture in the German Period, 1855-1915 249
31 American Jewish Philanthropy and the German Period, 1871-1923 261
32 Home and Sociality, 1858-1897 278
33 Kinship: Every Jew Is Responsible for His Fellow Jew, 1859-1906 286
34 Jews and Their Variant Views in Matters Political, 1906-1911 296
35 The East European Jew as Citizen, 1918-1924 303
36 The New Immigrants - the East Europeans - Acquire Secular Culture, 1902-1947 315
37 The East Europeans Struggle to Survive, 1899-1924 321
38 The Kehillah of New York City and the American Jewish Congress, 1914-1918 332
39 The Religious Life of the East European Immigrants, ca. 1890-1916 340
40 Jewish Education and Culture in the World of the East European Newcomers, 1893-1918 349
41 The East European Newcomers Help Themselves, 1892-1924 363
42 The Social Life of the East European Jewish Immigrant, 1905 375
43 Anti-Zionism, Zionism, Aid to Jews in Distress: The Oneness of Jewry, 1897-1921 381
44 Acceptance and Rejection, 132-1952 396
45 Jews and Gentiles, 1928-1958 406
46 Jews and the World of the Secular Sciences, 1944-1955 414
47 The Economic World of the American Jew, 1922-1966 422
48 The Overall Structured Community, Locally and Nationally, 1945-1949 429
49 The Jewish Religion and Its Adherents, 1937-1960 435
50 Jewish Education and Culture, 1940s(?)-1966 447
51 Philanthropy and Philanthropists, 1925-1986 458
52 The Jewish Social Background, 1950s-1960 472
53 The Holocaust, Israel, and American Jewry, 1945-1950 480
54 Equal Rights for Jews, 1964-1980s 497
55 The Jew as Citizen, 1970s-1990 505
56 The Secular Culture of the American Jew, 1976-1978 518
57 Making a Living in America, 1973-1990 525
58 The American Jewish Community, 1964-1986 538
59 American Jewish Religion on the Eve of the Twenty-First Century, 1963-1990 546
60 Jewish Education and Culture, 1961-1968 563
61 Millionaires and Paupers, 1965-1984 572
62 Problems and Challenges, 1964-1989 580
63 The Oneness of World Jewry: Israel, Vatican II, the Holocaust, the Ethiopians, 1964-1991 591
64 The Onset of the Twenty-First Century: The Future of the American Jew 614
Acknowledgments 619
Source Notes 623
Index 639
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