The Jewish Bible and the Christian Bible: An Introduction to the History of the Bible / Edition 1

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This wide-ranging handbook presents an overview of our current knowledge on the history of the Bible. Divided into three parts, it shows how the collections of canonical and apocryphal books were formed, explains the transmission and translation of the Biblical texts and describes biblical interpretation in Judaism and Christianity. Incorporating the immense amount of information that has become available since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the author sets out to bridge the gaps between widely different areas and trends in the field of Biblical Studies: canonical and apocryphal literature, written and oral traditions, rabbinic and Christian exegesis and modern critical exegesis, and literal and allegorical interpretation, among others. Uniquely, Trebolle Barrera also looks at the Wirkungsgeschichte of the Bible in relation to the Greek and Roman world, the Renaissance and the Enlightenment. Scholars, students and interested lay persons alike will benefit from the wealth of general information found here as well as detailed discussion on many topics currently under debate, from the significance of Qumran to the influence of the Semitic and Greek world on Christianity.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'Decrying the tendency to compartmentalization and excessive specialization in biblical studies, Trebolle offers a broadly based and "interdisciplinary" history of the Bible, aimed primarily at students. Handy as a reference book, this intelligently constructed and elegantly written text can be read with pleasure. This reader found it hard to put down; it is full of unusual insights, and the wide scope means that it has something new to say to almost everybody.
Nicholas R.M. de Lange, Vetus Testamentum, 1995.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789004108899
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 12/1/1997
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 574
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Julio Trebolle Barrera is Professor of Hebrew and Aramaic and Director of the Institute of Religious Studies at the Universidad Complutense of Madrid. He is a member of the International Team of Editors of the Dead Sea Scrolls and has written and edited several books on the textual and literary criticism of the Bible and on contemporary biblical hermeneutics.
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Table of Contents

Note to the Revised English edition 5
Translator's Note 5
Foreword 7
Introduction 27
Topical Questions and Approaches 29
Ch. I Bible and Book in the Ancient World 53
1 The Languages of the Bible 58
2 Writing in the Ancient World and in the Bible 80
3 Written and Oral Transmission 94
4 Schools and Scribes 109
5 Translation in the Ancient World and the Translation of the Bible 121
6 The Sacred Book 128
7 The School of Alexandria and its Philology 137
Ch. II Collections of Biblical Books. Canonical and Non-Canonical Books 147
1 The Literary History of the Canon of Biblical Books 148
2 The Social History of the Biblical Canon 208
3 Early Christian Literature: Collections of Canonical and Apocryphal Books 236
Ch. III History of the Text and Versions of the Old and New Testament 259
1 Introduction 264
2 The Hebrew Text of the Old Testament 268
3 The Greek Septuagint Version 301
4 Aramaic Versions of the Old Testament. The Targumim 324
5 The Greek Text of the New Testament 333
6 Ancient Versions of the Bible: Old and New Testaments 348
Ch. IV Textual Criticism of the Old and New Testament 367
1 Textual Criticism of the Old Testament 370
2 Textual Criticism of the New Testament 405
3 Canonical Criticism. The Text and the Canon 416
Ch. V Hermeneutics. Text and Interpretation 423
1 Introduction 428
2 The Old Testament Interprets Itself 430
3 The Interpretation of the Old Testament in the Greek Septuagint Version 436
4 The Interpretation of the Old Testament in the Aramaic Versions or Targumim 439
5 The Interpretation of the Old Testament in Apocryphical Literature. The Exegetical Character of Apocalyptic Literature 444
6 The Interpretation of the Old Testament in the Qumran Writings 452
7 The Interpretation of the Old Testament in Hellenistic Jewish Literature. Philo of Alexandria and Flavius Josephus 460
8 Rabbinic Hermeneutics 468
9 Christian Hermeneutics 490
10 Modern Hermeneutics 545
Abbreviations 565
Subject Index 567
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