The Just War and Jihad: Violence in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam / Edition 1

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The articles collected in this volume represent the independent and considered thinking of internationally known scholars from a variety of disciplines concerning the relationship between religion and violence, with special reference to the theories of "just war" and "jihad," technical terms that arise in connection with the theology of early medieval Christianity and early Islam, respectively.

The contributors include Hector Avalos, Charles K. Bellinger, Bahar Davary, Carol Delaney, J. Harold Ellens, Reuven Firestone, R. Joseph Hoffmann, Judith Lichtenberg, Pauletta Otis, Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez, Laura Purdy, Joyce E. Salisbury, Regina M. Schwartz, and Robert B. Tapp.

In the present global and political climate, the significant conversation about why religions provoke conflict and whether any religion is truly "harmless" cannot be ignored.

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Edited by Hoffman (religion, Wells Coll., NY; Julian's Against the Galileans), this collection gathers papers from a recent meeting of the Committee for the Scientific Examination of Religion, an organization of religion scholars who tend to approach the study of religions through naturalistic, cultural, sociological, and psychological lenses. The conference statement at the end of the book registers the participants' concern about religiously motivated violence, and many of the papers share the perspective of Iowa State University's Hector Avalos that "the best way to deal with religious violence is to undermine religion itself." More useful is Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez's (ed., Encyclopedia of Religion and War) observation that "religion has a constructive, though not necessarily causal, role in the generation of violence." While most of the articles are not sympathetic to religious claims, they raise significant issues about the role of religion in political violence. The title is a misnomer as, apart from the introduction, jihad takes a back seat to war theory. Also, the book lacks notes on the contributors. Nonetheless, this is an intriguing read aimed at general readers.-Steve Young, McHenry Cty. Coll., Crystal Lake, IL Copyright 2006 Reed Business Information.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781591023715
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • Publication date: 2/28/2006
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction : the God of hosts 7
1 Some central problems in just war theory 15
2 The obscenity of war and the imperative of the lesser evil 33
3 Just war and Jihad : positioning the question of religious violence 47
4 Understanding violence : the new copernican revolution 63
5 Who broke their vow first? : the "three vows" and contemporary thinking about Jewish holy war 77
6 Rethinking religious violence : fighting over nothing 99
7 Violence in the text : violence through the text 121
8 Critics of just war theories : Raven and Muste 139
9 Religious warfare on the global battlefield 169
10 Holy terror 191
11 "In vain have I smitten your children" : Augustine defines just war 203
12 Sacrificial heroics : the story of Abraham and its use in the justification of war 217
13 Religion and violence : war, tyrannicide, terrorism 231
14 Vitoria's just war theory : still relevant today? 255
15 CSER protocol on religion, warfare, and violence 277
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