The Laboratory Revolution in Medicine

The Laboratory Revolution in Medicine

by Andrew Cunningham
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521404843

ISBN-13: 9780521404846

Pub. Date: 01/28/1992

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Modern medicine is based on the laboratory. It is in the laboratory that diagnostic tests are performed, that diseases are identified, that therapies are tested, and new scientific knowledge is produced. Laboratory medicine developed in the nineteenth century, principally in Germany, France, Britain, and the United States. While a number of scholars have studied…  See more details below

Overview

Modern medicine is based on the laboratory. It is in the laboratory that diagnostic tests are performed, that diseases are identified, that therapies are tested, and new scientific knowledge is produced. Laboratory medicine developed in the nineteenth century, principally in Germany, France, Britain, and the United States. While a number of scholars have studied various aspects of laboratory medicine in the nineteenth century, no attempts have hitherto been made to synthesize such work and to present a view of the whole subject. This book assembles researchers on the history of laboratory medicine in Europe and America, who bring their special expertise to bear on the general subject of the nature and the genesis of laboratory medicine. Together, they provide a much needed account of how medicine in Western industrial societies acquired its distinctive power and authority through association with the laboratory. These historical studies are followed by a short concluding section of Reflections by scholars from the fields of laboratory studies, philosophy of science, and gender studies. This collection forms a companion volume to The Medical Renaissance of the Sixteenth Century (1985, edited by Andrew Wear, Roger French and I.M. Lonie) and The Medical Revolution of the Seventeenth Century (1990, edited by Andrew Cunningham and Roger French).

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521404846
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
01/28/1992
Pages:
347
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
List of contributors
Acknowledgements
Introduction1
1Laboratories, medicine and public life in Germany, 1830-1849: ideological roots of the institutional revolution14
2Building institutes for physiology in Prussia, 1836-1846: contexts, interests and rhetoric72
3The fall and rise of professional mystery: epistemology, authority and the emergence of laboratory medicine in nineteenth-century America110
4Anaesthetics, ethics and aesthetics: vivisection in the late nineteenth-century British laboratory142
5Scientific elites and laboratory organisation in fin de siecle Paris and Berlin: the Pasteur Institute and Robert Koch's Institute for Infectious Diseases compared170
6French military epidemiology and the limits of the laboratory: the case of Louis-Felix-Achille Kelsch189
7Transforming plague: the laboratory and the identity of infectious disease209
8The laboratory as business: Sir Almroth Wright's vaccine programme and the construction of penicillin245
9The costly ghastly kitchen295
10The laboratory revolution in medicine as rhetorical and aesthetic accomplishment304
11Gendered reflexions on the laboratory in medicine324
Index343

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