The Laboratory Revolution in Medicineby Andrew Cunningham
Pub. Date: 01/28/1992
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Modern medicine is based on the laboratory. It is in the laboratory that diagnostic tests are performed, that diseases are identified, that therapies are tested, and new scientific knowledge is produced. Laboratory medicine developed in the nineteenth century, principally in Germany, France, Britain, and the United States. While a number of scholars have studied various aspects of laboratory medicine in the nineteenth century, no attempts have hitherto been made to synthesize such work and to present a view of the whole subject. This book assembles researchers on the history of laboratory medicine in Europe and America, who bring their special expertise to bear on the general subject of the nature and the genesis of laboratory medicine. Together, they provide a much needed account of how medicine in Western industrial societies acquired its distinctive power and authority through association with the laboratory. These historical studies are followed by a short concluding section of Reflections by scholars from the fields of laboratory studies, philosophy of science, and gender studies. This collection forms a companion volume to The Medical Renaissance of the Sixteenth Century (1985, edited by Andrew Wear, Roger French and I.M. Lonie) and The Medical Revolution of the Seventeenth Century (1990, edited by Andrew Cunningham and Roger French).
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Table of ContentsList of illustrations; Acknowledgements; Introduction Andrew Cunningham and Perry Williams; 1. Laboratories, medicine and public life in Germany, 1830–1849: ideological roots of the institutional revolution Timothy Lenoir; 2. Building institutes for physiology in Prussia, 1836–1846: contexts, interests and rhetoric Richard L. Kremer; 3. The fall and rise of professional mystery: epistemology, authority and the emergence of laboratory medicine in nineteenth-century America John Harley Warner; 4. Anaesthetics, ethics and aesthetics; vivisection in the late nineteenth-century British laboratory Stewart Richards; 5. Scientific elites and laboratory organisation in fin de siècle Paris and Berlin: the Pasteur Institute and Robert Koch's Institute for Infectious Diseases compared Paul Weindling; 6. French military epidemiology and the limits of the laboratory: the case of Louis-Félix-Achille Kelsch Michael A. Osborne; 7. Transforming plague: the laboratory and the identity of infectious disease Andrew Cunningham; 8. The laboratory as business: Sir Almroth Wright's vaccine programme and the construction of penicillin Wai Chen; 9. The costly ghastly kitchen Bruno Latour; 10. The laboratory revolution in medicine as rhetorical and aesthetic accomplishment Nicholas Jardine; 11. Gendered reflexions on the laboratory in medicine Hilary Rose; Index.
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