The Last Days of the Jerusalem of Lithuania: Chronicles From the Vilna Ghetto and the Camps, 1939-1944

The Last Days of the Jerusalem of Lithuania: Chronicles From the Vilna Ghetto and the Camps, 1939-1944

by Herman Kruk
     
 

ISBN-10: 0300044941

ISBN-13: 9780300044942

Pub. Date: 09/28/2002

Publisher: Yale University Press

For five horrifying years in Vilna, the Vilna ghetto, and concentration camps in Estonia, Herman Kruk recorded his own experiences as well as the life and death of the Jewish community of the city symbolically called "The Jerusalem of Lithuania." This unique chronicle includes many recovered pages of Kruk's diaries and provides a powerful eyewitness account of the…  See more details below

Overview

For five horrifying years in Vilna, the Vilna ghetto, and concentration camps in Estonia, Herman Kruk recorded his own experiences as well as the life and death of the Jewish community of the city symbolically called "The Jerusalem of Lithuania." This unique chronicle includes many recovered pages of Kruk's diaries and provides a powerful eyewitness account of the annihilation of the Jewish communities of Eastern Europe. This volume includes the Yiddish edition of Kruk's diaries, published in 1961 and translated here for the first time, as well as many widely scattered pages of the chronicles, collected here for the first time and meticulously deciphered, translated, and annotated.

Kruk describes vividly the collapse of Poland in September, 1939, life as a refugee in Vilna, the manhunt that destroyed most of Vilna Jewry in the summer of 1941, the creation of a ghetto and the persecution and self-rule of the remnants of the "Jerusalem of Lithuania," the internment of the last survivors in concentration camps in Estonia, and their brutal deaths. Kruk scribbled his final diary entry on September 17, 1944, managing to bury the small, loose pages of his manuscript just hours before he and other camp inmates were shot to death and their bodies burnt on a pyre.

Kruk's writings illuminate the tragedy of the Vilna Jews and their courageous efforts to maintain an ideological, social, and cultural life even as their world was being destroyed. To read Kruk's day-by-day account of the unfolding of the Holocaust is to discern the possibilities for human courage and perseverance even in the face of profound fear.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300044942
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
09/28/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
808
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 1.69(d)

Table of Contents

Maps
Foreword
Preface
Introduction: Herman Kruk's Holocaust Writings
1The Collapse of Poland: September 1939-June 19411
2The Destruction of Jewish Vilna: June 22, 1941-September 6, 194146
3The Vilna Ghetto: September 7, 1941-February 17, 1942100
4Between YIVO and Ponar: February 19, 1942-July 9, 1942212
5Putsch in the Ghetto: July 11, 1942-October 28, 1942326
6The Second Winter: October 29, 1942-March 18, 1943391
7The Sky Is Overcast Again: March 19, 1943-May 10, 1943480
8The Ghetto Will Not Calm Down: May 12, 1943-July 14, 1943536
9Narrative Chronicles of the Ghetto: 1941-1943593
10The Camps in Estonia: August 1943-September 1944659
App.: Place Names707
References713
Index to People and Places715

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