The Life and Letters of Philip Quaque, the First African Anglican Missionary

Overview

This is the first edition of the correspondence of Philip Quaque, a prolific writer of African descent whose letters provide a unique perspective on the effects of the slave trade and its abolition in Africa.

Born around 1740 at Cape Coast, in what is now Ghana, Quaque was brought to England by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. In 1765 he became the first African ordained as an Anglican priest. He returned to Africa and served for fifty years as the society’s ...

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Overview

This is the first edition of the correspondence of Philip Quaque, a prolific writer of African descent whose letters provide a unique perspective on the effects of the slave trade and its abolition in Africa.

Born around 1740 at Cape Coast, in what is now Ghana, Quaque was brought to England by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. In 1765 he became the first African ordained as an Anglican priest. He returned to Africa and served for fifty years as the society’s missionary and also as chaplain to the Company of Merchants Trading to Africa (CMTA) at Cape Coast Castle, the principal slave-trading site of the CMTA.

Quaque sent more than fifty letters to London and North America reporting on his successes and failures, his relationships with European and African authorities, and his observations on the effects of the American and French revolutions on Africa. The regular references to his African mission in popular magazines made Quaque well known in the English-speaking world. Initially writing when the transatlantic slave trade went largely unquestioned, Quaque in his later letters traces the period of abolitionist fervor leading up to the ban in 1808. Although his employers supported and facilitated slavery, Quaque’s letters reveal his evolving opposition to both slavery and the slave trade, particularly in his correspondence with early abolitionists.

Quaque’s life offers a fascinating perspective on transatlantic identity, missionary activity, precolonial European involvement in Africa, the early abolition movement, and Cape Coast society.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“The publication of Philip Quaque’s correspondence is a major contribution to the growing literature on the writing of the African Diaspora—until recently thought to be a contradiction in terms. Carretta and Reese are model scholars in the field, digging deep to illuminate the cross-cultural currents not only of trade but also of religion and literacy, and how each buoyed yet challenged transatlantic slavery.”—Henry Louis Gates Jr.

“The editors have done an extraordinary and important job of introducing Philip Quaque’s voice to a new generation of readers. They have set the bar very high for others preparing editions of the correspondence and writings of Quaque’s contemporaries in this period of fertile circum-Atlantic exchange.”—International Bulletin of Missionary Research

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Product Details

Meet the Author


Vincent Carretta is a professor of English at the University of Maryland. He is the author or editor of more than ten books, including scholarly editions of the writings of Olaudah Equiano, Phillis Wheatley, Ignatius Sancho, and Ottobah Cugoano. His most recent book is Equiano, the African: Biography of a Self-Made Man, which won the Annibel Jenkins Prize. Ty M. Reese is an associate professor of history at the University of North Dakota. He has published articles on Philip Quaque, Cape Coast and the British castle there, and the CMTA.
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Table of Contents


List of Illustrations ix
Acknowledgments xi
Introduction 1
Note on the Text 27

Correspondence
1. 13 March 1765, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 31
2. 29 February 1766, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 33
3. 14 March 1766, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 39
4. 28 September 1766, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 40
5. 7 March 1767, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 44
6. Undated, 1767, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 50
7. 20 October 1767, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 64
8. 26 November 1767, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Samuel Johnson 66
9. 5 September 1768, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 69
10. 5 April 1769, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Samuel Johnson 75
11. 15 April 1769, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 78
12. 5 September 1769, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 84
13. 12 April 1770, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 88
14. 27 September 1770, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 91
15. 6 February 1771, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 94
16. 19 August 1771, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 96
17. 8 March 1772, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 99
18. 24 March 1772, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 101
19. 10 April 1772, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Daniel Burton,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 103
20. 17 March 1773, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Richard Hind,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 104
21. 12 May 1773, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Richard Hind,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 109
22. 19 May 1773, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Samuel Hopkins 111
23. 10 December 1773, Rev. Samuel Hopkins to Rev. Philip Quaque 114
24. [1774?], Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Samuel Hopkins 116
25. [1775?], Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Samuel Hopkins 117
26. 19 March 1774, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Richard Hind,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 118
27. 30 July 1775, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Richard Hind,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 122
28. 31 July 1775, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Edward Bass 127
29. 11 April 1777, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Richard Hind,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 129
30. 17 January 1778, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Richard Hind,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 132
31. 26 June 1778, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Richard Hind,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 136
32. 27 August 1778, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. Richard Hind,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 138
33. 22 June 1779, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 140
34. 11 September 1779, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. WilliamMorice, Secretary of the Society for the Propagation ofthe Gospel 141
35. 12 June 1780, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 144
36. 6 April 1781, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 149
37. 20 October 1781, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 152
38. 6 August 1782, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 156
39. 1 September 1782, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 160
40. 30 June 1783, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 163
41. 23 August 1783, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 165
42. 14 February 1785, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 166
43. 6 April 1785, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 168
44. 1 July 1785, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 169
45. 8 February 1786, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 170
46. 28 January 1789, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 174
47. 25 February 1791, Rev. Philip Quaque to GovernorWilliam Fielde 175
48. 12 March 1791, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 176
49. 11 May 1791, Rev. Philip Quaque to Governor William Fieldeand Council; John Gordon to Rev. Philip Quaque 178
50. 20 May 1791, Rev. Philip Quaque to the African Committee 178
51. 21 July 1792, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 181
52. 9 June 1795, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 183
53. 13 October 1811, Rev. Philip Quaque to Rev. William Morice,Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 185

Appendix 1: Documents Relating to Philip Quaque 187
Appendix 2: Governors of the Gold Coast, 1751–1817 205
Bibliography 207
Index 213

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