The Longman Writer / Edition 6

The Longman Writer / Edition 6

by Judith Nadell, John Langan, Eliza A. Comodromos
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0321331052

ISBN-13: 9780321331052

Pub. Date: 04/13/2005

Publisher: Longman

The best of the “product" and "process" approaches to writing.

The Longman Writer with MyWritingLab draws on decades of teaching experience to integrate the best of the "product" and "process" approaches to writing. Emphasis on the reading-writing connection, focus on invention and revision, and attention

Overview

The best of the “product" and "process" approaches to writing.

The Longman Writer with MyWritingLab draws on decades of teaching experience to integrate the best of the "product" and "process" approaches to writing. Emphasis on the reading-writing connection, focus on invention and revision, and attention to the fact that patterns blend in actual writing are delivered with clear, step-by-step writing instruction and extensive practice activities and assignments—more than 500 in all.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780321331052
Publisher:
Longman
Publication date:
04/13/2005
Edition description:
Brief
Pages:
704
Product dimensions:
7.26(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.05(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xv

Part I

The Reading Process

1 Becoming a Critical Reader

Stage 1: Get an Overview of the Selection

Stage 2: Deepen Your Sense of the Selection

Stage 3: Evaluate the Selection

Assessing Visuals in a Reading

Assessing an Image: An Example

Assessing a Graph: An Example

A Model Annotated Reading

Ellen Goodman, “Family Counterculture”

Part II

The Writing Process

2 Getting Started Through Prewriting

Use Prewriting to Get Started

Keep a Journal

The Pre-Reading Journal Entry

Understand the Boundaries of the Assignment

Determine Your Purpose, Audience, Tone, and Point of View

Discover Your Essay’s Limited Subject

Generate Raw Material About Your Limited Subject

Conduct Research

Organize the Raw Material

Activities: Getting Started Through Prewriting

3 Identifying a Thesis

What Is a Thesis?

Finding a Thesis

Writing an Effective Thesis

Tone and Point of View

Implied Pattern of Development

Including a Plan of Development

1. Don’t Write a Highly Opinionated Statement

2. Don’t Make an Announcement

3. Don’t Make a Factual Statement

4. Don’t Make a Broad Statement

Arriving at an Effective Thesis

Placing the Thesis in an Essay

Activities: Identifying a Thesis

4 Supporting the Thesis with Evidence

What Is Evidence?

How Do You Find Evidence?

How the Patterns of Development Help Generate Evidence

Characteristics of Evidence

The Evidence Is Relevant and Unified

The Evidence Is Specific

The Evidence Is Adequate

The Evidence Is Dramatic

The Evidence Is Accurate

The Evidence Is Representative

Borrowed Evidence Is Documented

Activities: Supporting the Thesis with Evidence

5 Organizing the Evidence

Use the Patterns of Development

Select an Organizational Approach

Chronological Approach

Spatial Approach

Emphatic Approach

Simple-to-Complex Approach

Prepare an Outline

Activities: Organizing the Evidence

6 Writing the Paragraphs in the First Draft

How to Move from Outline to First Draft

General Suggestions on How to Proceed

If You Get Bogged Down

A Suggested Sequence for Writing the First Draft

1. Write the Supporting Paragraphs

2. Write Other Paragraphs in the Essay’s Body

3. Write the Introduction

4. Write the Conclusion

5. Write the Title

Pulling It All Together

Sample First Draft

Harriet Davids, “Challenges for Today’s Parents”

Commentary

Activities: Writing the Paragraphs in the First Draft

7 R evising Overall Meaning, Structure, and Paragraph Development

Five Strategies to Make Revision Easier

Set Your First Draft Aside for a While

Work from Printed Text

Read the Draft Aloud

View Revision as a Series of Steps

Evaluate and Respond to Instructor Feedback

Peer Review: An Additional Revision Strategy

Evaluate and Respond to Peer Review

Revising Overall Meaning and Structure

Revising Paragraph Development

Sample Student Revision of Overall Meaning, Structure, and Paragraph Development

Activities: Revising Overall Meaning, Structure, and Paragraph Development

8 Revising Sentences and Words

Revising Sentences

Make Sentences Consistent with Your Tone

Make Sentences Economical

Vary Sentence Type

Vary Sentence Length

Make Sentences Emphatic

Revising Words 1

Make Words Consistent with Your Tone

Use an Appropriate Level of Diction

Avoid Words That Overstate or Understate

Select Words with Appropriate Connotations

Use Specific Rather Than General Words

Use Strong Verbs

Delete Unnecessary Adverbs

Use Original Figures of Speech

Avoid Sexist Language

Sample Student Revision of Sentences and Words

Activities: Revising Sentences and Words

9 Editing and Proofreading

Edit Carefully

Use the Appropriate Manuscript Format

Proofread Closely

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Proofreading

Harriet Davids, “Challenges for Today’s Parents”

Commentary

Activities: Editing and Proofreading

Part III

The Patterns of Development

10 Description

What Is Description?

How Description Fits Your Purpose and Audience

Prewriting Strategies

Strategies for Using Description in an Essay

Revision Strategies

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Revision

Marie Martinez, “Salt Marsh”

Commentary

Activities: Description

Prewriting Activities

Revising Activities

Professional Selections: Description

Mario Suárez, “El Hoyo”

Cherokee Paul McDonald, “A View from the Bridge”

Gordon Parks, “Flavio’s Home”

Additional Writing Topics: Description

11 Narration

What Is Narration?

How Narration Fits Your Purpose and Audience

Prewriting Strategies

Strategies for Using Narration in an Essay

Revision Strategies

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Revision

Paul Monahan, “If Only”

Commentary

Activities: Narration

Prewriting Activities

Revising Activities

Professional Selections: Narration

Audre Lorde, “The Fourth of July”

Lynda Barry, “The Sanctuary of School”

Joan Murray, “Someone’s Mother”

Additional Writing Topics: Narration

12 Illustration

What Is Illustration?

How Illustration Fits Your Purpose and Audience

Prewriting Strategies

Strategies for Using Illustration in an Essay

Revision Strategies

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Revision

Michael Pagano, “Pursuit of Possessions”

Commentary

Activities: Illustration

Prewriting Activities

Revising Activities

Professional Selections: Illustration

Kay S. Hymowitz, “Tweens: Ten Going On Sixteen”

Beth Johnson, “Bombs Bursting in Air”

France Borel, “The Decorated Body”

Additional Writing Topics: Illustration

13 Division-Classification

What Is Division-Classification?

How Division-Classification Fits Your Purpose and Audience Prewriting Strategies

Strategies for Using Division-Classification in an Essay

Revision Strategies

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Revision

Gail Oremland, “The Truth About College Teachers”

Commentary

Activities: Division-Classification

Prewriting Activities

Revising Activities

Professional Selections: Division-Classification

Ann McClintock, “Propaganda Techniques in Today’s Advertising”

Scott Russell Sanders, “The Men We Carry in Our Minds”

Bianca Bosker, “How Teens Are Really Using Facebook: It’s a ‘Social Burden,’ Pew Study Finds”

Additional Writing Topics: Division-Classification

14 Process Analysis

What Is Process Analysis?

How Process Analysis Fits Your Purpose and Audience

Prewriting Strategies

Strategies for Using Process Analysis in an Essay

Revision Strategies

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Revision

Robert Barry, “Becoming a Recordoholic”

Commentary

Activities: Process Analysis

Prewriting Activities

Revising Activities

Professional Selections: Process Analysis

Amy Sutherland, “What Shamu Taught Me About a Happy Marriage”

David Shipley, “Talk About Editing”

Alex Horton, “On Getting By”

Additional Writing Topics: Process Analysis

15 Comparison-Contrast

What Is Comparison-Contrast?

How Comparison-Contrast Fits Your Purpose and Audience

Prewriting Strategies

Strategies for Using Comparison-Contrast in an Essay

Revision Strategies

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Revision

Carol Siskin, “The Virtues of Growing Older”

Commentary

Activities: Comparison-Contrast

Prewriting Activities

Revising Activities

Professional Selections: Comparison-Contrast

Eric Weiner, “Euromail and Amerimail”

Patricia Cohen, “Reality TV: Surprising Throwback to the Past?”

Alex Wright, “Friending, Ancient or Otherwise”

Additional Writing Topics: Comparison-Contrast

16 Cause-Effect

What Is Cause-Effect?

How Cause-Effect Fits Your Purpose and Audience

Prewriting Strategies

Strategies for Using Cause-Effect in an Essay

Revision Strategies

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Revision

Carl Novack, “Americans and Food”

Commentary

Activities: Cause-Effect

Prewriting Activities

Revising Activities

Professional Selections: Cause-Effect

Stephen King, “Why We Crave Horror Movies”

Belinda Luscombe, “The Science of Romance: Why We Flirt”

Josie Appleton, “The Body Piercing Project”

Additional Writing Topics: Cause-Effect

17 Definition

What Is Definition?

How Definition Fits Your Purpose and Audience

Prewriting Strategies

Strategies for Using Definition in an Essay

Revision Strategies

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Revision

Laura Chen, “Physics in Everyday Life”

Commentary

Activities: Definition

Prewriting Activities

Revising Activities

Professional Selections: Definition

Ann Hulbert, “Beyond the Pleasure Principle”

Laura Fraser, “The Inner Corset”

Keith Johnson, “Who’s a Pirate? In Court, a Duel over Definitions”

Additional Writing Topics: Definition

18 Argumentation-Persuasion

What Is Argumentation-Persuasion?

How Argumentation-Persuasion Fits Your Purpose and Audience

Prewriting Strategies

Strategies for Using Argumentation-Persuasion in an Essay

Revision Strategies

Student Essay: From Prewriting Through Revision

Mark Simmons, “Compulsory National Service”

Commentary

Activities: Argumentation-Persuasion

Prewriting Activities

Revising Activities

Professional Selections: Argumentation-Persuasion

Anna Quindlen, “Driving to the Funeral”

Mary Sherry, “In Praise of the “F” Word”

Debating the Issues: Gender-Based Education

Gerry Garibaldi, “How the Schools Shortchange Boys”

Michael Kimmel, “A War Against Boys?”

Debating the Issues: Government Regulation to Help Control Obesity and Related Diseases

Robert Lustig, Laura Schmidt, and Claire Brindis, “The Toxic Truth About Sugar”

Michael Marlow and Sherzod Abdukadirov, “Government Intervention Will Not Solve Our Obesity Problem”

Additional Writing Topics: Argumentation-Persuasion

Part IV

The Research Essay

19 Locating, Evaluating, Analyzing, and Synthesizing Research Sources

Plan the Research

Understand the Essay’s Boundaries

Choose a General Subject

Prewrite to Limit the General Subject

Understand Primary versus Secondary Research

Conduct Preliminary Research

Identify a Tentative (Working) Thesis

Make a Schedule

Conduct Primary Research

Conduct Interviews

Carry Out Surveys

Conduct Secondary Research

Find Books on Your Subject

Find Periodicals on Your Subject

Find Sources on the Internet

Know the Advantages and Limitations of the Library and the Web

Prepare a Working Bibliography and Take Notes

Record Information About the Source

Take Notes on the Source

Evaluate Sources and Analyze Information

Evaluate Sources

Analyze Information

Use Quotation, Summary, and Paraphrase to Synthesize Research While Avoiding Plagiarism

Plagiarism

Direct Quotation

Summary

Paraphrase

Activities: Locating, Evaluating, and Integrating Research Sources

20 Writing the Research Essay

Refine Your Working Thesis

Sort Your Research Results

Organize the Evidence by Outlining

Write the First Draft

Integrate Sources into Your Writing

Using Sources Effectively

Awkward Use of a Quotation

Effective Use of a Source

Introducing a Source

Using Variety in Attributions

Shortening or Clarifying Quotations

Capitalizing and Punctuating Short Quotations

Document Sources to Avoid Plagiarism

What Needs to Be Documented?

What Does Not Need to Be Documented?

Creating In-Text References: MLA Format

Revise, Edit, and Proofread the First Draft

Prepare the Works Cited List: MLA Format

General Instructions for the MLA Works Cited

Citing Print Sources—Periodicals

Citing Print Sources—Books

Citing Sources Found on a Website

Citing Sources Found Through an Online Database or Scholarly Project

Citing Other Common Sources

Prepare the References List: APA Format

Parenthetic Citations in the Text

General Instructions for the APA References List

Citing Print Sources—Periodicals

Citing Print Sources—Books

Citing Sources Found on a Website

Citing Sources Found Through an Online Database or Scholarly Project

Citing Other Common Sources

Student Research Paper: MLA-Style Documentation

Commentary

Student Research Paper: APA-Style Documentation

Activities: Writing the Research Essay

Part V

The Literary Essay and Exam Essay

21 Writing About Literature

Elements of Literary Works

Literary Terms

How to Read a Literary Work

Read to Form a General Impression

Ask Questions About the Work

Reread and Annotate

Modify Your Annotations

Write the Literary Analysis

Prewrite

Identify Your Thesis

Support the Thesis with Evidence

Organize the Evidence

Write the First Draft

Revise Overall Meaning, Structure, and Paragraph Development

Edit and Proofread

Pulling It All Together

Read to Form a General Impression

Langston Hughes, “Early Autumn”

Student Essay

Karen Vais, “Stopping to Talk”

Commentary

Additional Selections and Writing Assignments

Robert Frost, “Out, Out—”

Kate Chopin, “The Story of an Hour”

22 Writing Exam Essays

Three Forms of Written Answers

Short Answers

Paragraph-Length Answers

Essay-Length Answers

How to Prepare for Exam Essays

At the Examination

Survey the Entire Test

Understand the Essay Question

Write the Essay

Prewrite

Identify Your Thesis

Support the Thesis with Evidence

Organize the Evidence

Write the Draft

Revise, Edit, and Proofread

Sample Essay Answer

Commentary

Activity: Writing Exam Essays

Part VI

A Concise Handbook

Sentence Faults

Fragments

Phrase Fragments

Dependent Clause Fragments

Comma Splices and Run-On Sentences

Three Common Pitfalls

Faulty Parallelism

Verbs

Problems with Subject-Verb Agreement

How to Correct Faulty Subject-Verb Agreement

Problems with Verb Tense

How to Correct Inappropriate Shifts in Verb Tense

How to Correct Faulty Use of Past Tense

Pronouns

Problems with Pronoun Use

Pronoun Case

How to Correct Faulty Pronoun Case

Pronoun Agreement

Pronoun Reference

Modifiers

Problems with Modification

Misplaced and Ambiguous Modifiers

Dangling Modifiers

Punctuation

Period

Question Mark

Exclamation Point

Comma

Semicolon

Colon

Quotation Marks

Ellipsis

Apostrophe

Parentheses

Brackets

Hyphen

Dash

Mechanics

Capitalization

Italics

Numbers

Abbreviations

Spelling

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