The Making of a Great Power / Edition 1

The Making of a Great Power / Edition 1

by Geoffrey Holmes
     
 

ISBN-10: 0582484391

ISBN-13: 9780582484399

Pub. Date: 04/20/1995

Publisher: Pearson Education

Foundations of Modern Britain has established itself as perhaps the standard modern student history of Britain. Only the General Editor's own eagerly-awaited contribution has been needed to complete the sequence through from 1370. Now it is here. Published as two linked but self-sufficient volumes (the second is The Age of Oligarchy: Pre-industrial Britain 1722-1783,…  See more details below

Overview

Foundations of Modern Britain has established itself as perhaps the standard modern student history of Britain. Only the General Editor's own eagerly-awaited contribution has been needed to complete the sequence through from 1370. Now it is here. Published as two linked but self-sufficient volumes (the second is The Age of Oligarchy: Pre-industrial Britain 1722-1783, by Geoffrey Holmes and Daniel Szechi), it presents an incomparably rich portrait of late seventeenth and eighteenth-century Britain. The Britain of the 1720s - constitutionally united, tempered by a generation of warfare with France, and newly established as a major European power - offers an astonishing contrast with the England of the 1660 Restoration, shakily emerging from the upheavals of the Civil Wars and Interregnum. How that transformation came about is the subject of this first volume. The foundations on which it rested were a spectacular commercial advance; wealth great enough to finance not only Britain's growing armed forces, but also those of her continental allies in the struggle against the France of Louis XIV; sophisticated new financial institutions; an upsurge of national pride, in which scientific and intellectual developments of lasting significance played their part; and a new and remarkable degree of social cohesion. All of which, as Geoffrey Holmes shows, made it possible for the country to weather the Jacobite rebellion of 1715 and the potentially disastrous South Sea Bubble with which the book ends. The later years of this period, culminating in the bitterly fought 1722 election, also foreshadowed a remarkable political change - the ending of the 'rage of party' in politics and religion which had threatened to tear the country apart, and the coming at long last of constitutional stability. But although the basic prerequisite of this development - the 'abdication' of James II, with his authoritarian ambitions and his unpopular religious beliefs - was achieved by the 1688 Rev

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780582484399
Publisher:
Pearson Education
Publication date:
04/20/1995
Series:
Foundations of Modern Britain Series
Pages:
524
Product dimensions:
6.19(w) x 9.23(h) x 1.19(d)

Table of Contents

List of maps
Editor's foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Note on dating and quotations
List of abbreviations
1The Restoration Settlement: State, Church and Land27
2Population, agriculture and industry in England, 1660-168844
3Trade and colonies: England's 'Commercial Revolution'58
4English society after the Restoration: stability and change69
5Personality and penury: King Charles II and his finances83
6The Restoration monarchy and Europe: isolation without splendour, 1660-168893
7The constitution under stress, 1661-1678106
8Popery and Exclusion120
9The first political parties133
10Reason, authority and dissent: science and religion, 1662-1687143
11The threat to 'Liberty and Property', 1681-1687160
12James II and William of Orange: the providential Revolution176
13The settlement of 1689 and the forging of 'the Revolution Constitution'212
14The struggle with France and the birth of a great power, 1689-1713229
15The transformation of foreign policy, 1689-1714243
16The fruits of war: I - The New Executive257
17The fruits of war: II - The New Finance: from the credit revolution to the South Sea Bubble266
18Revolution, war and property: social change and conflict, 1689-c. 1725278
19People, trade and industry: from the 1690s to the 1720s293
20The union of Britain: Scotland and England, 1690-1727307
21The political system and the electorate, 1689-1722322
22Parliament and the 'rage of party'334
23Church and Dissent in the age of party: the climax of conflict, 1689-1720350
24The ferment of ideas, 1687-c. 1740: an English Enlightenment?367
25The quest for stability: from the Revolution to the rise of Walpole384
A Glossary401
B Population and social structure403
C Monarchs and pretenders413
D Leading government office-holders, 1660-1722415
E Parliament422
F The constitution: statutes, bills and proposals426
G Public finance432
H Foreign policy: treaties of alliance and peace, 1661-1722434
I Britain's major wars, 1660-1722439
J Overseas trade and the colonies440
K Agriculture446
L Industry449
M Living standards451
N Religion453
O Maps463
Bibliography472
Index488

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