The Making of the West, Combined Volume: Peoples and Cultures / Edition 4

The Making of the West, Combined Volume: Peoples and Cultures / Edition 4

by Lynn Hunt, Thomas R. Martin, Barbara H. Rosenwein, Bonnie G. Smith

Students of Western civilization need more than facts. They need to understand the cross-cultural, global exchanges that shaped Western history; to be able to draw connections between the social, cultural, political, economic, and intellectual happenings in a given era; and to see the West not as a fixed region, but a living, evolving construct. These needs have

See more details below


Students of Western civilization need more than facts. They need to understand the cross-cultural, global exchanges that shaped Western history; to be able to draw connections between the social, cultural, political, economic, and intellectual happenings in a given era; and to see the West not as a fixed region, but a living, evolving construct. These needs have long been central to The Making of the West. The book’s chronological narrative emphasizes the wide variety of peoples and cultures that created Western civilization and places them together in a common context, enabling students to witness the unfolding of Western history, understand change over time, and recognize fundamental relationships. Read the preface.

Product Details

Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
Edition description:
Fourth Edition
Sales rank:
Product dimensions:
8.80(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.60(d)

Meet the Author

LYNN HUNT (Ph.D., Stanford University) is Eugen Weber Professor of Modern European History at University of California, Los Angeles. She is the author or editor of several books, including most recently  The First Global Vision of Religion, The Book that Changed Europe, Measuring Time, Making History, and Inventing Human Rights.
THOMAS R. MARTIN (Ph.D., Harvard University) is Jeremiah O’Connor Professor in Classics at the College of the Holy Cross. He is the author of Ancient Greece, Sovereignty and Coinage in Classical Greece and is one of the originators of Perseus: Interactive Sources and Studies on Ancient Greece ( He is currently conducting research on the career of Pericles as a political leader in classical Athens as well as on the text of Josephus' Jewish War.
BARBARA H. ROSENWEIN (Ph.D., University of Chicago) is professor of history at Loyola University Chicago. She is the author or editor of several books including A Short History of the Middle Ages and Emotional Communities in the Early Middle Ages. She is currently working on a general history of the emotions in the West.
BONNIE G. SMITH (Ph.D., University of Rochester) is Board of Governors Professor of History at Rutgers University. She is author or editor of several books including The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History; The Gender of History: Men, Women and Historical Practice; and Ladies of the Leisure Class. Currently she is studying the globalization of European culture and society since the seventeenth century.

Read More

Table of Contents

Prologue: The Beginnings of Human Society, to c. 4000 B.C.E.
The Paleolithic Age, 200,000-10,000 B.C.E.
The Neolithic Age, 10,000-4000 B.C.E.
Chapter 1: Early Western Civilization, 4000-1000 B.C.E.
The Concept of Western Civilization
Mesopotamia, Home of the First Civilization, 4000-1000 B.C.E.
Egypt, the First Unified Country, 3050-1000 B.C.E.
The Hittites, the Minoans, and the Mycenaeans, 2200-1000 B.C.E.
Terms of History: Civilization
Document: Hammurabi’s Laws for Physicians
Document: Declaring Innocence on Judgment Day in Ancient Egypt
Chapter 2: Near East Empires and the Reemergence of Civilization in Greece, 1000-500 B.C.E.
From Dark Age to Empire in the Near East, 1000-500 B.C.E.
The Reemergence of Greek Civilization, 1000-750 B.C.E.
The Creation of the Greek City-State, 750-500 B.C.E.
New Directions for the Greek City-State, 750-500 B.C.E.
Document: Excerpt from a Gatha
Seeing History: The Shift in Sculptural Style from Egypt to Greece
Document: Zaleucus’s Law Code for a Greek City-State in Seventh-Century B.C.E. Italy
Taking Measure: Greek Family Size and Agricultural Labor in the Archaic Age
Contrasting Views: Persians Debate Democracy, Oligarchy, and Monarchy
Chapter 3: The Greek Golden Age, c. 500-c. 400 B.C.E.
Wars between Persia and Greece, 499-479 B.C.E.
Athenian Confidence in the Golden Age, 478-431 B.C.E.
Tradition and Innovation in Athens’s Golden Age
The End of Athens’s Golden Age, 431-403 B.C.E.
Contrasting Views: The Nature of Women and Marriage
Document: Athenian Regulations for a Rebellious Ally
Document: Sophists Argue Both Sides of a Case
Taking Measure: Military Forces of Athens and Sparta at the Beginning of the Peloponnesian War(431 B.C.E.)
Chapter 4: From the Classical to the Hellenistic World, 400-30 B.C.E.
Classical Greece after the Peloponnesian War, 400-350 B.C.E.
The Rise of Macedonia, 359-323 B.C.E.
The Hellenistic Kingdoms, 323-30 B.C.E.
Hellenistic Culture
Document: Aristotle on the Nature of the Greek Polis
Document: Epigrams by Women Poets
New Sources, New Perspectives: Papyrus Discoveries and Menander’s Comedies
Chapter 5: The Rise of Rome and Its Republic, 753-44 B.C.E.
Roman Social and Religious Traditions
From Monarchy to Republic
Roman Imperialism and Its Consequences
Civil War and the Destruction of the Republic
Document: The Rape and Suicide of Lucretia
Taking Measure: Census Records during the First and Second Punic Wars
Document: Polybius on Roman Military Discipline
Contrasting Views: What Was Julius Caesar Like?
Chapter 6: The Creation of the Roman Empire, 44 B.C.E.-284 C.E.
From Republic to Empire, 44 B.C.E.-14 C.E.
Politics and Society in the Early Roman Empire
The Emergence of Christianity in the Early Roman Empire
From Stability to Crisis in the Third Century C.E.
Document: Augustus, Res Gestae (My Accomplishments)
Document: The Scene at a Roman Bath
Contrasting Views: Christians in the Empire: Conspirators or Faithful Subjects?
Document: A Roman Stoic Philosopher on the Capabilities of Women
Taking Measure: The Value of Roman Imperial Coinage, 27 B.C.E.-300 C.E.
Chapter 7: The Transformation of the Roman Empire, 284-600 C.E.
From Principate to Dominate in the Late Roman Empire, 284-395
The Official Christianization of the Empire, 312-c. 540
Non-Roman Kingdoms in the Western Roman Empire, c. 370-550s
The Roman Empire in the East, c. 500-565
Document: Diocletian’s Edict on Maximum Prices and Wages
Taking Measure: Peasants’ Use of Farm Produce in the Roman Empire
Document: The Edict of Milan on Religious Freedom
Seeing History: Changing Religious Beliefs: Pagan and Christian Sarcophagi
Contrasting Views: Debate: Did Romans or Huns Better Protect Life, Law, and Freedom?
Chapter 8: The Heirs of Rome: Islam, Byzantium, and Europe, 600-750
Islam: A New Religion and a New Empire
Byzantium Besieged
Western Europe: A Medley of Kingdoms
Terms of History: Medieval
Document: The Fatihah of the Qur’an
Document: The Pact of Umar
Seeing History: Who Conquered Whom? A Persian and an Arabic Coin Compared
Document: On Holy Images
Taking Measure: Papal Letters Sent from Rome to Northern Europe, c. 600-c. 700
New Sources, New Perspectives: Anthropology, Archaeology, and Changing Notions of Ethnicity
Chapter 9: From Centralization to Fragmentation, 750-1050
The Byzantine Emperor and Local Elites
The Rise and Fall of the Abbasid Caliphate
The Carolingian Empire
After the Carolingians: The Emergence of Local Rule
Document: The Book of the Prefect
Document: When She Approached
Contrasting Views: Charlemagne: Roman Emperor, Father of Europe, or the Chief Bishop?
Terms of History: Feudalism
Taking Measure: Sellers, Buyers, and Donors, 800-1000
Chapter 10: Commercial Quickening and Religious Reform, 1050-1150
The Commercial Revolution
Church Reform
The Crusades
The Revival of Monarchies
Document: Peppercorns as Money
Contrasting Views: Henry IV
New Sources, New Perspectives: The Cairo Geniza
Document: Penances for the Invaders (1070)
Taking Measure: English Livestock in 1086
Chapter 11: The Flowering of the Middle Ages, 1150-1215
New Schools and Churches
Governments as Institutions
The Growth of a Vernacular High Culture
Religious Fervor and Crusade
Seeing History: Romanesque versus Gothic: The View Down the Nave
Contrasting Views: Magna Carta
Document: Frederick I’s Reply to the Romans
Document: Bertran de Born, "I love the joyful time of Easter"
Document: The Children’s Crusade (1212)
Chapter 12: The Medieval SynthesisÑand Its Cracks, 1215-1340
The Church’s Mission
Reconciling This World and the Next
The Politics of Control
New Sources, New Perspectives: The Peasants of Montaillou
Document: Thomas Aquinas Writes about Sex
Document: The Debate between Reason and the Lover
Taking Measure: Grain Prices during the Great Famine
Chapter 13: Crisis and Renaissance, 1340-1492
Crisis: Disease, War, and Schism
The Renaissance: New Forms of Thought and Expression
Consolidating Power
Taking Measure: Population Losses and the Black Death
Contrasting Views: Joan of Arc: Who Was "the Maid"?
Document: Wat Tyler’s Rebellion (1381)
Terms of History: Renaissance
Document: The Ducal Entry into Ghent (1458)
Chapter 14: Global Encounters and the Shock of the Reformation, 1492-1560
The Discovery of New Worlds
The Protestant Reformation
Reshaping Society through Religion
Striving for Mastery
Seeing History: Expanding Geographic Knowledge: World Maps in an Age of Exploration
Document: Columbus Describes His First Voyage (1493)
Contrasting Views: Martin Luther: Holy Man or Heretic?
Document: Ordinances for Calvinist Churches (1547)
Chapter 15: Wars of Religion and the Clash of Worldviews, 1560-1648
Religious Conflicts Threaten State Power, 1560-1618
The Thirty Years’ War, 1618-1648
Economic Crisis and Realignment
The Rise of Science and a Scientific Worldview
Document: The Horrors of the Thirty Years’ War, 1626
Taking Measure: Precious Metals and the Spanish Colonies, 1550-1800
New Sources, New Perspectives: Tree Rings and the Little Ice Age
Document: Sentence Pronounced against Galileo (1633)
Seeing History: Religious Differences in Painting of the Baroque Period: Rubens and Rembrandt
Chapter 16: Absolutism, Constitutionalism, and the Search for Order, 1640-1700
Louis XIV: Absolutism and Its Limits
Constitutionalism in England
Outposts of Constitutionalism
Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe
The Search for Order in Elite and Popular Culture
Document: Marie de SZÿvignZÿ, Letter Describing the French Court (1675)
Contrasting Views: The English Civil War
Taking Measure: The Seventeenth-Century Army
Document: John Milton, Defense of Freedom of the Press (1644)
Chapter 17: The Atlantic System and Its Consequences, 1700-1750
The Atlantic System and the World Economy
New Social and Cultural Patterns
Consolidation of the European State System
The Birthplace of the Enlightenment
New Sources, New Perspectives: Oral History and the Life of Slaves
Document: The Social Effects of Growing Consumption (1728)
Taking Measure: Relationship of Crop Harvested to Seed Used, 1400-1800
Terms of History: Progress
Document: Montesquieu, Persian Letters: Letter 37 (1721)
Chapter 18: The Promise of Enlightenment, 1750-1789
The Enlightenment at Its Height
Society and Culture in an Age of Enlightenment
State Power in an Era of Reform
Rebellions against State Power
Document: Denis Diderot, "Encyclopedia" (1755)
Contrasting Views: Women and the Enlightenment
Terms of History: Enlightenment
Taking Measure: European Urbanization, 1750-1800
Document: Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence (July 4, 1776)
Chapter 19: The Cataclysm of Revolution, 1789-1799
The Revolutionary Wave, 1787-1789
From Monarchy to Republic, 1789-1793
Terror and Resistance
Revolution on the March
Terms of History: Revolution
Document: The Rights of Minorities (1789)
Document: Address on Abolishing the Slave Trade (February 5, 1790)
Contrasting Views: Perspectives on the French Revolution
Chapter 20: Napoleon and the Revolutionary Legacy, 1800-1830
The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte
"Europe Was at My Feet": Napoleon’s Conquests
The "Restoration" of Europe
Challenges to the Conservative Order
Seeing History: The Clothing Revolution: The Social Meaning of Change in Postrevolutionary Fashion
Document: An Ordinary Soldier on Campaign with Napoleon (1812)
Contrasting Views: Napoleon: For and Against
Document: Wordsworth’s Poetry (1798)
Chapter 21: Industrialization and Social Ferment, 1830-1850
The Industrial Revolution
Reforming the Social Order
Ideologies and Political Movements
The Revolutions of 1848
Taking Measure: Railroad Lines, 1830-1850
New Sources, New Perspectives: Statistics and the Standard of Living of the Working Class
Document: Marx and Engels, The Communist Manifesto (1848)
Document: Alexis de Tocqueville Describes the June Days in Paris (1848)
Chapter 22: Politics and Culture of the Nation-State, 1850-1870
The End of the Concert of Europe
War and Nation Building
Nation Building through Social Order
The Culture of Social Order
Document: Mrs. Seacole: The Other Florence Nightingale
Document: Education of a Mathematical Genius in Russia
Terms of History: Nationalism
Document: Bismarck Tricks the Public to Get His War
Seeing History: Photographing the Nation: Domesticity and War
Chapter 23: Empire, Industry, and Everyday Life, 1870-1890
The New Imperialism
The Industry of Empire
Imperial Society and Culture
The Birth of Mass Politics
Document: An African King Describes His Government
Taking Measure: European Emigration, 1870-1890
Contrasting Views: Experiences of Migration
Document: Henrik Ibsen, From A Doll’s House
Chapter 24: Modernity and the Road to War, 1890-1914
Public Debate over Private Life
Modernity and the Revolt in Ideas
Growing Tensions in Mass Politics
European Imperialism Challenged
Roads to War
Terms of History: Modern
New Sources, New Perspectives: Psychohistory and Its Lessons
Document: Leon Pinsker Calls for a Jewish State
Document: Turkish Nationalism
Document: Vietnamese Resistance and the Importance of Becoming Modern
Taking Measure: The Growth in Armaments, 1890-1914
Chapter 25: World War I and Its Aftermath, 1914-1929
The Great War, 1914-1918
Protest, Revolution, and War’s End, 1917-1918
The Search for Peace in an Era of Revolution
A Decade of Recovery: Europe in the 1920s
Mass Culture and the Rise of Modern Dictators
Seeing History: Portraying Soldiers in World War I
Document: Outbreak of the Russian Revolution
Taking Measure: The Victims of Influenza, 1918-1919
Contrasting Views: The Middle East at the End of World War I: Freedom or Subjugation?
Document: Memory and Battlefield Tourism
Chapter 26: The Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945
The Great Depression
Totalitarian Triumph
Democracies on the Defensive
The Road to Global War
World War II, 1939-1945
Document: A Family Copes with Unemployment
Terms of History: Fascism
Contrasting Views: Nazism and Hitler: For and Against
Document: The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
New Sources, New Perspectives: Museums and Memory
Chapter 27: The Cold War and the Remaking of Europe, 1945-1960s
World Politics Transformed
Political and Economic Recovery in Europe
Decolonization in a Cold War Climate
Daily Life and Culture in the Shadow of Nuclear War
New Sources, New Perspectives: Government Archives and the Truth about the Cold War
Document: The Schuman Plan on European Unity (1950)
Document: Torture in Algeria
Document: Popular Culture, Youth Consumerism, and the Birth of the Generation Gap
Chapter 28: Postindustrial Society and the End of the Cold War Order, 1960s-1989
The Revolution in Technology
Postindustrial Society and Culture
Protesting Cold War Conditions
The Testing of Superpower Domination and the End of the Cold War
Taking Measure: Postindustrial Occupational Structure, 1984
Seeing History: Critiquing the Soviet System: Dissident Art in the 1960s and 1970s
Contrasting Views: Feminist Debates
Document: Margaret Thatcher’s Economic Vision
Document: Criticizing Gorbachev
Chapter 29: A New Globalism, 1989 to the Present
Collapse of the Soviet Union and Its Aftermath
The Nation-State in a Global Age
An Interconnected World’s New Challenges
Global Culture and Society in the Twenty-first Century
Terms of History: Globalization
Document: V‡clav Havel, "Czechoslovakia Is Returning to Europe"
Document: The Green Parties Unite Transnationally and Announce Common Goals (2006)
Taking Measure: World Population Growth, 1950-2010
Contrasting Views: The Dutch Debate Globalization, Muslim Immigrants, and Turkey’s Admission to the EU 


Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network


Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >