The Maryland Campaign of September 1862: Ezra A. Carman's Definitive Study of the Union and Confederate Armies at Antietam [NOOK Book]


Completed in the early 1900s, The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 is still the essential source for anyone seeking understanding of the bloodiest day in all of American history. As the U.S. War Department’s official expert on the Battle of Antietam, Ezra Carman corresponded with and interviewed hundreds of other veterans from both sides of the conflict to produce a comprehensive history of the campaign ...

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The Maryland Campaign of September 1862: Ezra A. Carman's Definitive Study of the Union and Confederate Armies at Antietam

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Completed in the early 1900s, The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 is still the essential source for anyone seeking understanding of the bloodiest day in all of American history. As the U.S. War Department’s official expert on the Battle of Antietam, Ezra Carman corresponded with and interviewed hundreds of other veterans from both sides of the conflict to produce a comprehensive history of the campaign that dashed the Confederacy’s best hope for independence and ushered in the Emancipation Proclamation.

Nearly a century after its completion, Carman's manuscript has finally made its way into print, in an attractively packaged one-volume edition painstakingly edited, annotated, and indexed by Joseph Pierro. This edition, the first to publish the entire Carman manuscript, including the fifteen appendices, is designed for ease of use, with standardized punctuation and spelling, and conveniently footnoted explanations wherever necessary. The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 is a crucial document for anyone interested in delving below the surface of the military campaign that forever altered the course of American history, and is still the only complete edition of Carman's work on the market.

**Due to an unfortunate case of mistaken identity, the man currently appearing in the frontispiece of The Maryland Campaign of September, 1862 is not the actual Ezra Carman, but someone who looks remarkably similar to him. The real Mr. Carman can be found at: We apologize for the mistake, and will correct this error in further printings.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
The Ezra Carman manuscript is the definitive study of that bloody September day in 1862. By editing it Joseph Pierro has done a tremendous service to the field of Civil War studies. Indeed, this work is one of the most important Civil War publications to come out in decades.

—Ted Alexander, Chief Historian, Antietam National Battlefield

Many accounts of Civil War battles were written in the decades after the war by soldiers who had participated in them. None rivals in accuracy and thoroughness Ezra Carman's study of the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, in which he fought as colonel of the 13th New Jersey. Students of the 1862 Maryland campaign have long relied on this manuscript as a vital source; Joseph Pierro's scrupulous editorial work has now made this detailed narrative accessible to everyone. A splendid achievement.

— James M. McPherson, author of Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam

At last, after a century, Ezra A. Carman's The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 has received the attention it deserves. A Union veteran, Carman authored a remarkable primary study of the critical operations that ended along Antietam Creek. Editor Joseph Pierro has given students of the Civil War and American history a most welcome and long overdue book.

— Jeffry D. Wert, author of The Sword Of Lincoln: The Army of the Potomac

My introduction to the Ezra A. Carman Papers at the Library of Congress and National Archives came in the spring of 1961. I was astounded and amazed by their depth and scope. The correspondence, troop movement maps, etc, along with Carman’s unpublished manuscript on the Antietam Campaign constitutes then as now an invaluable legacy to the American people by Carman and the veterans of Antietam. But for too long that resource has only been available to the general public as microfilm or by traveling to Washington. Now thanks to the publishers, and skilled, knowledgeable, sympathetic, but light-handed editor Joseph Pierro, an annotated copy of Carman’s masterpiece The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 will be available to the public.

— Edwin C. Bearss, author of Fields of Honor: Pivotal Battles of the Civil War

Joseph Pierro brings into the open one of the great and largely unknown masterworks of Civil War history. Ezra Carman's work on Antietam is a fountainhead for study of that pivotal battle, written by a man who was in the fight and who spent most of his life studying and marking the battlefield. No student can afford to ignore this stunningly thorough and brilliantly edited classic.

— William C. Davis, author of Look Away! A History of the Confederate States of America

Long-awaited good news for students of the Battle of Antietam...Mr. Pierro has taken the essential first step by moving Carman's unique and comprehensive manuscript out of the realm of the hard-to-find and -understand. Historians, students, and history buffs now can use invaluable Carman material as easily as other sources in studying what some call the most important battle of the Civil War.

— The Washington Times

"The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 should be a part of every institutional Civil War library, as well as the bookshelf of serious students of the campaign"

— Andrew Wagenhoffer, Civil War Books and Authors,

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781135912390
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 8/21/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 512
  • File size: 3 MB

Table of Contents

1 Maryland 1

2 The Confederate Invasion of Maryland 21

3 The Confederate Army Crosses the Potomac 45

4 General McClellan and the Army of the Potomac 59

5 The Advance of the Army of the Potomac from Washington to Frederick and South Mountain 81

6 Harper's Ferry 101

7 South Mountain (Crampton's Gap) 129

8 South Mountain (Turner's Gap) 143

9 From South Mountain to the Antietam 169

10 McLaws and Franklin in Pleasant Valley 189

11 The Field of Antietam 195

12 The Prelude to Antietam 201

13 The Union and Confederate Armies 213

14 The Battle on the Union Right and Confederate Left: Daybreak to 7:30 a.m 215

15 The Battle on the Union Right and Confederate Left: 7:30 a.m. to 9:00 a.m 235

16 The West Woods and the Dunkard Church 253

17 The Sunken Road ("Bloody Lane") 277

18 The Dunkard Church 299

19 The Middle Bridge, the Fifth Corps, and the Advance of Pleasonton's Cavalry Division 317

20 The Rohrbach (Burnside) Bridge 329

21 General Lee Recrosses the Potomac 365

22 Shepherdstown Ford 371

23 The Results of the Maryland Campaign 377

24 Lincoln and McClellan 381

App. A Organization of the Army of the Potomac in the Maryland Campaign 397

App. B Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia in the Maryland Campaign 415

App. C "My Maryland" 435

App. D Union Losses at Maryland Heights and Harper's Ferry 437

App. E The Surrender of Harper's Ferry 439

App. F Union Losses at Crampton's Gap 443

App. G Confederate Losses at Crampton's Gap 445

App. H Union Losses at Turner's Gap and Fox's Gap 447

App. I Confederate Losses at Turner's Gap and Fox's Gap 449

App. J Strength of the Union and Confederate Armies at Antietam453

App. K The Mortal Wounding of General Mansfield 467

App. L Casualties in the Union and Confederate Armies at Antietam 469

App. M Union Losses in the Maryland Campaign 479

App. N Confederate Losses in the Maryland Campaign 481

App. O The British Perspective 483

Index 485

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 9, 2008

    THE foundation of Antietam studies

    When the U.S. Government undertook in the late 19th century to commemorate the September 17, 1862, battlefield of Antietam, Union veteran Ezra A. Carman was selected to serve as the governing board's 'historical expert.' Through countless interviews and exchanges of correspondence with veterans of both sides, supplemented by all the accounts of the battle that had been published up to that time, Carman crafted the government's official understanding of what remains the bloodiest single-day battle in all of American history. He oversaw the placement of and wrote the text for hundreds of cast iron markers 'still extant today', supervised the construction of a superb multi-plate atlas of the battle, and crafted a never published, 1,400 page history of the entire campaign. Carman's role in the subsequent development of historical interpretation of this battle and the resultant literature cannot be overstated. Every historian who subsequently worked in the field - consciously or not - has been to some degree influenced by Carman's initial efforts, for his labors not only shaped the physical space of today's Antietam National Battlefield but also provided the template for all subsequent interpretation by first the War Department and then by the National Park Service 'where it still forms the core of the interpretive model'. Further, his unpublished manuscript has been used a principal source by the authors of every major history of the campaign and battle published in the 20th century: Murfin's Gleam of Bayonets, Sears's Landscape Turned Red, Harsh's Taken at the Flood, etc. But using this resource has always been difficult - until now! The physical manuscript resides in the Library of Congress, where access is almost always restricted to the microfilm. 'And if you've ever tried to read 1,400 handwritten pages on a microfilm reader, you know what a chore that can be.' Although it covers everything from politics to logistics to international diplomacy to political economy to civil-military relations IN ADDITION to providing a comprehensive strategic, operational, AND tactical account of the two-week campaign 'including full treatments of the battles at South Mountain, Harper's Ferry, and Shepherdstown Ford' - the original work contained no index of any sort, nor in many cases even the most rudimentary of citations for its hundreds of sources. Joseph Pierro has corrected these many obstacles, making this seminal yet underutilized resource available and accessible to scholars and Civil War enthusiasts alike. He spent some years tracking down and providing - in complete footnotes at the bottom of each pages - citations for hundreds of passages, allowing future users of the Carman manuscript to evaluate and return to Carman's OWN sources - including many of his never published letters from veterans that reside in various repositories.' He also provided a deft yet much needed polish of professional copyediting to Carman's sometimes clunky, occasionally bewildering sentences structure. The result is a major addition to the literature that stands in equal measure as reference work and as narrative history. By its very nature, this is NOT intended as a work for beginners. 'The closest comparison I can make is to John Bigelow's The Campaign of Chancellorsville - written around the same period.' At nearly half a million words, the sheer volume of information will overwhelm anyone without a prior base of knowledge. But for anyone researching ANY topic related to the 1862 Maryland campaign, or for those buffs who want to go beyond the broad strokes of the action, this long-needed contribution to Civil War history is a must have. It took a century to get here, but the result was worth the wait.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 10, 2009

    No text was provided for this review.

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