The Methodists and Revolutionary America, 1760-1800: The Shaping of an Evangelical Culture

The Methodists and Revolutionary America, 1760-1800: The Shaping of an Evangelical Culture

by Dee E. Andrews
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691092982

ISBN-13: 9780691092980

Pub. Date: 03/11/2002

Publisher: Princeton University Press

The Methodists and Revolutionary America is the first in-depth narrative of the origins of American Methodism, one of the most significant popular movements in American history. Placing Methodism's rise in the ideological context of the American Revolution and the complex social setting of the greater Middle Atlantic where it was first introduced, Dee

Overview

The Methodists and Revolutionary America is the first in-depth narrative of the origins of American Methodism, one of the most significant popular movements in American history. Placing Methodism's rise in the ideological context of the American Revolution and the complex social setting of the greater Middle Atlantic where it was first introduced, Dee Andrews argues that this new religion provided an alternative to the exclusionary politics of Revolutionary America. With its call to missionary preaching, its enthusiastic revivals, and its prolific religious societies, Methodism competed with republicanism for a place at the center of American culture.

Based on rare archival sources and a wealth of Wesleyan literature, this book examines all aspects of the early movement. From Methodism's Wesleyan beginnings to the prominence of women in local societies, the construction of African Methodism, the diverse social profile of Methodist men, and contests over the movement's future, Andrews charts Methodism's metamorphosis from a British missionary organization to a fully Americanized church. Weaving together narrative and analysis, Andrews explains Methodism's extraordinary popular appeal in rich and compelling new detail.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691092980
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
03/11/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
384
Sales rank:
390,839
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ix
PREFACE xi
INTRODUCTION How American Was Early American Methodism? 3
PART 1: ORIGINS 11
CHAPTER ONE Raising Religious Affections 13
The Anglican Societies, the Wesleys, and Georgia 13
The Invention of Wesleyan Methodism 19
Wesley versus Whitefield 24
Wesleyan Migration to British America 31
CHAPTER TWO The Wesleyan Connection 39
The Wesleyan Itinerants in America 40
The Coming of the War 47
American Methodists and the War Experience 55
Postwar Conditions, Separation, and the MEC 62
CHAPTER THREE The Making of a Methodist 73
The Revival Ritual 76
Religious Experience 84
The Methodist Society 92
PART II SOCIAL CHANGE 97
CHAPTER FOUR Evangelical Sisters 99
The Female Methodist Network 100
Methodism and Family Conflict 105
Women in the City Societies 112
Gender Public Authority, and the Household 118
CHAPTER FIVE The African Methodists 123
The First Emancipation and Methodist Antislavery 124
Black Methodists and Social Experience 132
Richard Allen, Black Preachers, and the Rise of African Methodism 139
Separation and African Methodist Identity 150
CHAPTER SIX Laboring Men, Artisans, and Entrepreneurs 155
Wesleyanism, Wealth, and Social Class 156
New York City: Workingman's Church 161
Philadelphia: Anatomy of a Methodist Schism 168
Baltimore: New Men 177
PART III: POLITICS 185
CHAPTER SEVEN Methodism Politicized 187
Politics Without: Church, State, and Partisanship 188
Politics Within: Francis Asbury, James O'Kelly, and the MEC 196
The Circuit Riders 207
CHAPTER EIGHT The Great Revival and Beyond 221
1800 and the Coming of the Great Revival 223
Muscularity, Domesticity, and Disunion 226
The Meaning of Methodism Americanized 237
CONCLUSION A Plain Gospel for a Plain People 240
APPENDIXES 245
A. Tables 247
B. Occupational Categories for Tables 11-14 255
C. Methodological Note 257
D. Methodist Statistics 259
ABBREVIATIONS 263
NOTES 265
INDEX 351

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