The Methodists and Revolutionary America, 1760-1800: The Shaping of an Evangelical Culture

The Methodists and Revolutionary America, 1760-1800: The Shaping of an Evangelical Culture

by Dee E. Andrews
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691092982

ISBN-13: 9780691092980

Pub. Date: 03/11/2002

Publisher: Princeton University Press

The Methodists and Revolutionary America is the first in-depth narrative of the origins of American Methodism, one of the most significant popular movements in American history. Placing Methodism's rise in the ideological context of the American Revolution and the complex social setting of the greater Middle Atlantic where it was first introduced, Dee

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Overview

The Methodists and Revolutionary America is the first in-depth narrative of the origins of American Methodism, one of the most significant popular movements in American history. Placing Methodism's rise in the ideological context of the American Revolution and the complex social setting of the greater Middle Atlantic where it was first introduced, Dee Andrews argues that this new religion provided an alternative to the exclusionary politics of Revolutionary America. With its call to missionary preaching, its enthusiastic revivals, and its prolific religious societies, Methodism competed with republicanism for a place at the center of American culture.

Based on rare archival sources and a wealth of Wesleyan literature, this book examines all aspects of the early movement. From Methodism's Wesleyan beginnings to the prominence of women in local societies, the construction of African Methodism, the diverse social profile of Methodist men, and contests over the movement's future, Andrews charts Methodism's metamorphosis from a British missionary organization to a fully Americanized church. Weaving together narrative and analysis, Andrews explains Methodism's extraordinary popular appeal in rich and compelling new detail.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691092980
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
03/11/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ix

PREFACE xi

INTRODUCTION How American Was Early American Methodism? 3

PART 1: ORIGINS 11

CHAPTER ONE Raising Religious Affections 13

The Anglican Societies, the Wesleys, and Georgia 13

The Invention of Wesleyan Methodism 19

Wesley versus Whitefield 24

Wesleyan Migration to British America 31

CHAPTER TWO The Wesleyan Connection 39

The Wesleyan Itinerants in America 40

The Coming of the War 47

American Methodists and the War Experience 55

Postwar Conditions, Separation, and the MEC 62

CHAPTER THREE The Making of a Methodist 73

The Revival Ritual 76

Religious Experience 84

The Methodist Society 92

PART II SOCIAL CHANGE 97

CHAPTER FOUR Evangelical Sisters 99

The Female Methodist Network 100

Methodism and Family Conflict 105

Women in the City Societies 112

Gender Public Authority, and the Household 118

CHAPTER FIVE The African Methodists 123

The First Emancipation and Methodist Antislavery 124

Black Methodists and Social Experience 132

Richard Allen, Black Preachers, and the Rise of African Methodism 139

Separation and African Methodist Identity 150

CHAPTER SIX Laboring Men, Artisans, and Entrepreneurs 155

Wesleyanism, Wealth, and Social Class 156

New York City: Workingman's Church 161

Philadelphia: Anatomy of a Methodist Schism 168

Baltimore: New Men 177

PART III: POLITICS 185

CHAPTER SEVEN Methodism Politicized 187

Politics Without: Church, State, and Partisanship 188

Politics Within: Francis Asbury, James O'Kelly, and the MEC 196

The Circuit Riders 207

CHAPTER EIGHT The Great Revival and Beyond 221

1800 and the Coming of the Great Revival 223

Muscularity, Domesticity, and Disunion 226

The Meaning of Methodism Americanized 237

CONCLUSION A Plain Gospel for a Plain People 240

APPENDIXES 245

A. Tables 247

B. Occupational Categories for Tables 11-14 255

C. Methodological Note 257

D. Methodist Statistics 259

ABBREVIATIONS 263

NOTES 265

INDEX 351

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