The Modern Presidency / Edition 3

The Modern Presidency / Edition 3

by James P. Pfiffner
     
 

ISBN-10: 0312208596

ISBN-13: 9780312208592

Pub. Date: 08/28/1999

Publisher: Wadsworth

THE MODERN PRESIDENCY, Fifth Edition, is a concise, accessible and sophisticated text on the presidency. Case studies'a major strength of this short text'illustrate important aspects of presidential action and decision-making. Written by a top scholar on the presidency, and thoroughly updated through 2006 to include the presidency of George W. Bush, the text deals not

Overview

THE MODERN PRESIDENCY, Fifth Edition, is a concise, accessible and sophisticated text on the presidency. Case studies'a major strength of this short text'illustrate important aspects of presidential action and decision-making. Written by a top scholar on the presidency, and thoroughly updated through 2006 to include the presidency of George W. Bush, the text deals not only with presidents as individuals, but also with the large institutions that make up the modern presidency.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780312208592
Publisher:
Wadsworth
Publication date:
08/28/1999
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
262
Product dimensions:
5.92(w) x 9.15(h) x 0.41(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceiii
About the Authorix
Chapter 1The Presidency: Origins and Powers1
Origins of the Presidency7
Powers of the President11
Conclusion13
Chapter 2The President and the Public15
Nominating the President16
Presidential Elections22
Third-Party Presidential Candidates26
The General Election29
Electoral Trends32
Going Public and Public Approval35
Figure 2-1Presidential Approval Ratings--Annual Averages40
Conclusion42
Chapter 3The White House Staff and Organization44
Roosevelt and Truman: Laying the Foundations46
Eisenhower Institutionalizes the White House49
Table 3-1Chiefs of Staff to the President51
Kennedy and the Collegial Model53
Lyndon Johnson's One-Man Show56
Nixon's Tight Hierarchy57
Ford's and Carter's Lessons61
Reagan's Contrasting Terms65
Bush's Pit Bull72
Clinton's Circus79
Conclusion82
Chapter 4The Institutional Presidency85
White House Staff and the Executive Office of the President86
Table 4-1Top-Level Assistants to the President, 1960-199287
Figure 4-1Organization Chart for the White House Office88
Figure 4-2Executive Office of the President, 1939 and 199789
Office of Legislative Liaison/Office of Congressional Relations90
Office of Presidential Personnel92
Office of Communications94
Bureau of the Budget/Office of Management and Budget96
National Security Council Staff98
Office of Policy Development (Domestic Policy Staff)100
Conclusion102
Chapter 5The Cabinet and the Executive Branch103
Origins of the Cabinet103
The Cabinet as a Deliberative Body105
Departmental Secretaries versus the White House Staff112
Table 5-1Cabinet Departments114
Presidential Appointments117
Table 5-2Political Appointments Available to Presidents118
Table 5-3Political Appointees by Cabinet Department (1992)122
The Executive Branch Bureaucracy123
Table 5-4More Officials at the Top Layers of the Executive Branch124
Figure 5-1The Government of the United States125
Conclusion127
Chapter 6The President and Congress130
The Constitutional Fundamentals130
Table 6-1Midterm Losses by the President's Party132
The Veto Power132
Table 6-2Presidential Vetoes (1789-1996)134
The President as Legislative Leader136
The Political Fundamentals140
Figure 6-1Presidential Success142
Presidential Skills142
Cases of Presidential Leadership146
Kennedy and the House Rules Committee: Behind-the-Scenes Leadership147
LBJ's Activist Approach: The 1964 Civil Rights Act149
Richard Nixon: The Politics of Confrontation152
Jimmy Carter: The Moral Equivalent of War155
Ronald Reagan: The 1982 Budget Juggernaut159
Clinton and Two Congresses: A Study in Contrast161
The Problem of Divided Government166
Figure 6-2Divided and Unified Control of the Government, 1944-1998167
Conclusion172
Chapter 7The President and National Security174
The War Power175
World War II177
Korea178
Vietnam178
The War Powers Resolution of 1973180
The Persian Gulf War182
Other Constitutional Powers184
Table 7-1Treaties and Executive Agreements Approved by the United States, 1789-1996187
The National Security Council Dominates the Executive Branch188
Table 7-2Assistants to the President for National Security Affairs190
Presidential Leadership and Crisis Decision Making193
Two Decisions on Vietnam: Eisenhower and Johnson194
Two Decisions on Cuba: Kennedy's Lessons196
Two Decisions on Iran: Carter and Reagan200
Conclusion203
Chapter 8Abuse of Power and Presidential Reputation205
Corruption and Abuse of Power206
Watergate208
Iran-Contra214
President Clinton's Impeachment and Senate Trial218
Presidential Popularity and Reputation230
Table 8-1Presidential Approval Ratings, 1953-1998232
Table 8-2Presidential Reputation233
Conclusion: Public Expectations and the Presidency240
Appendix APresidents of the United States243
Appendix BThe Constitution of the United States of America: Articles I and II244
Appendix CConstitutional Amendments That Affect the Presidency: Amendments XII, XX, XXII, and XXV251
Index255

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