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The Morgenthau Plan: Soviet Influence on American Foreign Policy

Overview

After hostilities officially ceased, what drove American policy towards Germany in 1944-1949? While Soviet policies came under closer inspection, Western policies have rarely been subjected to critical review. This book deals with the Morgenthau Plan and its impact on American postwar planning. Conventional accounts of Western postwar policies occasionally mention the Morgenthau Plan, describing it as a plan developed in the Treasury Department designed to deindustrialize or "pastoralize" the German nation. These...
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The Morgenthau Plan - Soviet Influence on American Foreign Policy

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Overview

After hostilities officially ceased, what drove American policy towards Germany in 1944-1949? While Soviet policies came under closer inspection, Western policies have rarely been subjected to critical review. This book deals with the Morgenthau Plan and its impact on American postwar planning. Conventional accounts of Western postwar policies occasionally mention the Morgenthau Plan, describing it as a plan developed in the Treasury Department designed to deindustrialize or "pastoralize" the German nation. These accounts are chiefly characterized by their brevity, at most admitting that "[it] and its temporary and partial adoption ... was an unfortunate but small chapter in American diplomatic history." Conventional accounts state that the Plan was adopted by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill at the Second Quebec Conference in September 1944, and that, when President Roosevelt was informed of its impracticality, he immediately abandoned it and stated that he had initialed the plan "without much thought."

Contrary to what is often reported in history books, the Morgenthau Plan had a major impact on post war planning. This book traces the role of Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Roosevelt's Secretary of the Treasury, in the planning for the post war world, with close attention to the discussions leading up to the Second Quebec Conference where Winston Churchill's acceptance of the plan was obtained. It follows the devastating consequences of the policies based on the plan, and their contribution to the post war collapse of the European economy. Damning evidence shows that the Allies intentionally brought starvation and disease to large civilian populations.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
In the Aftermath of War "The plan was designed to completely destroy the German economy, enslave millions of her citizens, and exterminate as many as 20 million people": John Dietrich, who served six years in the Defense Intelligence Agency, takes a hard, revisionist look at American policy toward Germany after WWII in The Morgenthau Plan: Soviet Influence on American Postwar Policy. Charting its origins, development and brief implementation, the author argues that the secretary of the treasury's plan for the demilitarization of Germany "thoroughly reflected" Roosevelt's opinions on postwar strategy (and that the president may have bribed Churchill to sign off on it); that the Soviet Union was the plan's sole beneficiary; and that the plan had far greater effects than anyone involved cared to admit. (July 15) Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781892941909
  • Publisher: Algora Publishing
  • Publication date: 5/28/2002
  • Pages: 212
  • Sales rank: 1,008,674
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
1. The Origins of The Morgenthau Plan 17
2. Planning For The Second Quebec Conference (Octagon) 39
3. The Second Quebec Conference September 11-16, 1944 47
4. Immediate Consequences Of The Quebec Conference 61
5. German Reaction To The Morgenthau Plan 69
6. Joini Chiefs Of Staff Directive 1067 75
7. The Economic Consequences Of The Morgenthau Plan 83
8. Food Rationing 101
9. Enforced/Slave Labor 119
10. The Ethnic "Cleansing" Of Eastern Europe 137
11. Conclusion 147
Endnotes 161
Bibliography 189
Index 195
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