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Music Master

The Music Master

by Benny Carter
Throughout much of the 20th century, Benny Carter was an accomplished composer, arranger, leader, sideman, and multi-instrumentalist. In 2004 the U.K.'s Proper label served his memory well with Proper Box 68 which carefully examines a 22-year segment from his unusually lengthy career. If a reasonably priced 88-track, four-CD set of swing and early modern mainstream


Throughout much of the 20th century, Benny Carter was an accomplished composer, arranger, leader, sideman, and multi-instrumentalist. In 2004 the U.K.'s Proper label served his memory well with Proper Box 68 which carefully examines a 22-year segment from his unusually lengthy career. If a reasonably priced 88-track, four-CD set of swing and early modern mainstream jazz dating from 1930-1952 seems like too much of a good thing, maybe you really need to hear more jazz and not less, for here in the land of its birth we still have a lot of catching up to do in order to better comprehend this important part of our cultural heritage. A sensible two-CD equivalent would be Living Era's 51-track compilation When Lights Are Low, which has 31 tracks in common with Proper Box 68 and includes examples of Carter with Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra and McKinney's Cotton Pickers. Proper focuses more closely on bands which operated under Carter's direct leadership or influence. Although Carter is most often pictured holding an alto saxophone, he played a lot of trumpet as well as clarinet, tenor sax, and even a bit of drums. As an altoist he resembled Hilton Jefferson, Willie Smith, Johnny Hodges, and the young Pete Brown. For all his expertise as a reedman, Carter blows plenty of fine trumpet on Music Master. Most of the first disc is devoted to the early '30s. Carter is heard leading his own bands, sitting in with visiting Englishman Spike Hughes & His Negro Orchestra, and with the Chocolate Dandies, a recurrent all-star swing band with varying personnel. Four different Chocolate Dandies sessions are represented on this collection. The first of these, recorded in December 1930, was essentially a condensed version of the Fletcher Henderson orchestra with Horace Henderson at the piano. The December 1933 Chocolate Dandies were racially mixed, which was a significant accomplishment back then. Carter revived the Dandies in the '40s with powerful improvisers like Roy Eldridge, Coleman Hawkins, Buck Clayton, and Ben Webster. Carter's productive adventures in Europe during the late '30s are well represented on this collection, appearing near the end of the first disc and occupying more than half of the second. Starting in London, the tour takes you through Copenhagen, Laren, Den Haag, and finally Paris, where he recorded "Farewell Blues" and "Blue Light Blues" with an octet that included tenor man Alix Combelle and guitarist Django Reinhardt. For thrilling examples of Carter's handling of the tenor saxophone during his London sessions, you might want to hunt down his 1936-1937 recordings as reissued in chronological sequence by Classics, as well as his alternate takes on Neatwork 2063. Throughout the '40s, Carter recorded with many of the best jazz musicians on the scene, and Proper provides an excellent overview of his work during this period. The inclusion of two Keynote sessions from 1946 is a real treat, with Carter leading his own quartet and guesting with a small combo led by pianist Arnold Ross. The big surprise on Disc Four is the vocal on "Out of My Way" by drummer Sid Catlett: this may well be the only time he ever used his voice on a recording. Proper's Benny Carter edition finishes with seven examples of Carter as an early modern mainstream jazzman in groups assembled by producer Norman Granz. First comes the historic blowing session with the one-time-only combination of Charlie Parker, Johnny Hodges, Benny Carter, and Ben Webster. The closing tracks feature Carter backed by Oscar Peterson's quartet, with strings added on "Isn't It Romantic?" and "Key Largo."

Product Details

Release Date:
Proper Box Uk


Album Credits

Performance Credits

Benny Carter   Primary Artist,Clarinet,Trumpet,Drums,Alto Saxophone,Vocals
Tony Scott   Clarinet,Alto Saxophone
Henry "Red" Allen   Trumpet
Chu Berry   Tenor Saxophone
Buck Clayton   Trumpet
Sidney DeParis   Trumpet
Roy Eldridge   Trumpet
Dexter Gordon   Alto Saxophone,Tenor Saxophone
Freddie Green   Guitar
Grey   Trombone
Ted Heath   Trombone
Eddie Heywood   Piano
Johnny Hodges   Alto Saxophone
Freddy Johnson   Piano
Jonah Jones   Trumpet
Max Kaminsky   Trumpet
Barney Kessel   Guitar
John Kirby   Bass,Tuba
Oscar Peterson   Piano
Flip Phillips   Tenor Saxophone
Django Reinhardt   Guitar
Buddy Rich   Strings,Drums
Max Roach   Drums
Maxine Sullivan   Vocals
Ben Webster   Tenor Saxophone
Gerald Wiggins   Piano
Charlie Shavers   Trumpet
Eddie Barefield   Alto Saxophone
Tyree Glenn   Trombone,Vibes
Neal Hefti   Trumpet
Horace Henderson   Piano
Spike Hughes   Bass
Benny Morton   Trombone
Gene Rodgers   Piano
Arnold Ross   Piano
Elisabeth Welch   Vocals
Coleman Hawkins   Tenor Saxophone
Freddy Gardner   Clarinet,Alto Saxophone
Trummy Young   Trombone
Freddy Webster   Trumpet
Alix Combelle   Tenor Saxophone
Bernard Addison   Guitar
Fletcher Allen   Alto Saxophone
Hayes Alvis   Bass
Jimmy Archey   Trombone
Everett Barksdale   Guitar
Artie Bernstein   Bass
Emmett Berry   Trumpet
Oscar Lee Bradley   Drums
Percy Brice   Drums
Joe Britton   Trombone
Teddy Buckner   Trumpet
Don Byas   Alto Saxophone,Tenor Saxophone
James Cannady   Guitar
Big Sid Catlett   Drums
Doc Cheatham   Trumpet
George Chisholm   Trombone
Paul Cohen   Trumpet
Henry Coker   Trombone
Shad Collins   Trumpet
Sammy Davis   Tenor Saxophone
Vic Dickenson   Trombone
Bill Dillard   Trumpet
George Dorsey   Alto Saxophone
George Elliott   Guitar
George Elrick   Drums
Joel Epps   Alto Saxophone
Nick Fatool   Drums
Milton Fletcher   Trumpet
Carl Frye   Alto Saxophone
Karl George   Trumpet
Jewell L. Grant   Alto Saxophone
Jimmy Harrison   Trombone,Vocals
J.C. Heard   Drums
J.C. Higginbotham   Trombone
Ernest "Bass" Hill   Bass
Clarence Holiday   Guitar
George Irish   Tenor Saxophone
Christian Jansen   Piano
J. Alan Johnson   Trombone
Keg Johnson   Trombone
Porter Kilbert   Alto Saxophone
Bertie King   Clarinet,Tenor Saxophone
Ulysses Livingston   Guitar
Lawrence Lucie   Guitar
John McConnell   Trombone
Castor McCord   Tenor Saxophone
Bump Meyers   Tenor Saxophone
Robert Montmarche   Drums
Alton Moore   Trombone
Wally Morris   Bass
Billy Munn   Piano
Hans Ulrik Neumann   Guitar
Floyd O'Brien   Trombone
Charlie Parker   Alto Saxophone
Jimmy Powell   Alto Saxophone
Ernest Purce   Alto Saxophone
William Purnell   Drums
Irving "Mouse" Randolph   Trumpet
Allan Reuss   Guitar
Milt Robinson   Trombone
Rod Rodriguez   Piano
Curly Russell   Bass
Stafford Simon   Tenor Saxophone
Ted Sturgis   Bass
Idrees Sulieman   Trumpet
Louis Taylor   Trombone
Bart Varsalona   Trombone
Madison Vaughan   Trombone
George Washington   Trombone
Dicky Wells   Trombone
Bill White   Alto Saxophone
Sonny White   Piano
Wilbur De Paris   Trombone
York DeSouza   Piano
Elmer James   Bass
Ronnie Gubertini   Drums
Albert Harris   Guitar
Benny Jackson   Guitar
Glyn Paque   Alto Saxophone
E.O. Pogson   Alto Saxophone
Fred Robinson   Trombone
Gene Simon   Trombone
Leslie Thompson   Trombone,Trumpet
Joe Newman Quartet   Trumpet
Teddy Wilson & His Orchestra   Piano
Patrick Dodd   Piano
Eddie Mallory   Trumpet
Rostelle Reese   Trumpet
Ray Webb   Guitar
Nathaniel Williams   Trumpet
Lew Davis   Trombone
Wim Poppink   Clarinet,Alto Saxophone
Ernie Powell   Tenor Saxophone
Duncan Whyte   Trumpet
Walter Johnson   Drums
Stanley Payne   Tenor Saxophone
Fred Mitchell   Tenor Saxophone
Bobby Stark   Trumpet
Joe Thomas   Trumpet
Jake "Vernon" Porter   Trumpet
Jack Bulterman   Trumpet
Sam Dasberg   Trumpet
Sal Doof   Tenor Saxophone
Claude Dunson   Trumpet
Knut Knutsson   Tenor Saxophone
Eric Kragh   Drums
Kees Kranenburg   Drums
Andy McDevitt   Clarinet,Alto Saxophone
Bill Mulraney   Trombone
Kurt Pederson   Trumpet
Anker Skjoldborg   Tenor Saxophone
Axel Skouby   Trumpet
Harry Van Oven   Trombone
Aage Voss   Clarinet,Alto Saxophone
Cliff Woodridge   Trumpet
Max Goldberg   Trumpet
Marcel Thielemans   Trombone
Louis Stephenson   Alto Saxophone
Palmer Traulsen   Trombone
Jack Pet   Bass
Willard Brown   Alto Saxophone,Baritone Saxophone
Lincoln Mills   Trumpet
Taylor   Drums
Rolf Goldstein   Trumpet
Louis Gray   Trumpet
Herb Thomas   Guitar
Rufus Webster   Piano
Burke   Bass
Craig   Drums
Jimmy Williams   Clarinet,Tenor Saxophone
John A. Morris   Trombone
Thomas Moultrie   Bass
Chauncey Houghton   Alto Saxophone
Humphrey Brannon   Piano
Dick Clark   Trumpet
George Woodlen   Trumpet
Tommy McQuarter   Trumpet
Berisford "Shep" Shepherd   Drums
Bill Lewis   Guitar
Johnny Russell   Tenor Saxophone
John Carroll   Trumpet
Ben Smith   Alto Saxophone
Kai Ewans   Alto Saxophone
Fred Williams   Alto Saxophone
Peter Rasmussen   Trombone

Technical Credits

George Gershwin   Composer
Chocolate Dandies   Contributor
Leonard Feather   Composer
Tiny Grimes   Composer
Johnny Hodges   Composer
James P. Johnson   Composer
Ben Webster   Composer
Lester Young   Composer
Spike Hughes   Composer
Irving Mills   Composer
Edgar Sampson   Composer
Jimmy McHugh   Composer
Richard Rodgers   Composer
Vernon Duke   Composer
Coleman Hawkins   Composer
María Mendez Grever   Composer
Jack Pettis   Composer
Nacio Herb Brown   Composer
Stanley Adams   Composer
Fred E. Ahlert   Composer
Harry Barris   Composer
David Bennett   Composer
Benny Carter   Arranger,Composer
Ben Bernie   Composer
Sammy Cahn   Composer
Big Sid Catlett   Composer
Eddie DeLange   Composer
Peter DeRose   Composer
Buddy DeSylva   Composer
Howard Dietz   Composer
Walter Donaldson   Composer
Duke Ellington   Composer
Arthur Freed   Composer
Ira Gershwin   Composer
Will J. Harris   Composer
Lorenz Hart   Composer
Will Hudson   Composer
Gus Kahn   Composer
Raymond Klages   Composer
Benny Krueger   Composer
Herbert Magidson   Composer
Paul Mares   Composer
Ballard MacDonald   Composer
Eddie Miller   Composer
Billy Munn   Composer
Mitchell Parish   Composer
Charlie Parker   Composer
Cole Porter   Composer
Leon Roppolo   Composer
Vincent Rose   Composer
Elmer Schoebel   Composer
Arthur Schwartz   Composer
Frank Signorelli   Composer
Jule Styne   Composer
Roy Turk   Composer
Harry Warren   Composer
Ned Washington   Composer
Paul Francis Webster   Composer
Spencer Williams   Composer
Allie Wrubel   Composer
Victor Young   Composer
J. Harrison   Composer
Chauncey Gray   Composer
Johnny Gomez   Composer
Matty Malneck   Composer
Art Hickman   Composer
Bert Lown   Composer
Ted Fio Rito   Composer
Benny Carter & His Orchestra   Contributor
Theo Uden Masman   Director
Benny Carter & His Swing Quartet   Contributor
Maceo Pinkard   Composer
Richard A. Whiting   Composer
Kenneth Casey   Composer
Mort Dixon   Composer
Seymour Simons   Composer
Harry Link   Composer
Jack Strachey   Composer
Gerald Marks   Composer
Gordon Clifford   Composer
Holt Marvell   Composer
Sydney Robin   Composer
Nat Simon   Composer
Karl Suessdorf   Composer
Earl Lebieg   Composer
Jack Maskill   Composer
Leah Worth   Composer
Joop Visser   Liner Notes
Harry Williams   Composer
Spike Hughes & His All American Orchestra   Contributor
Buddy Bernier   Composer
Frederick Hamm   Composer

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