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This is the first book-length study to use Spanish language sources in documenting the original Indian inhabitants of West Florida who, from the late 16th century to the 1740s, lived to the west and the north of the Apalachee. Previous authors who studied the forebears of Creeks and Seminoles from the Chattahoochee Valley have relied exclusively on English sources dating from the second half of the 18th century, with the exception of John R. Swanton, who had limited access to Spanish records for his classic works from 1922 to 1946. In this history of the region’s Native Americans, Hann focuses on the small tribes of West Florida—Amacano, Chine, Chacato, Chisca and Pansacola—and their first contacts with Spanish explorers, colonists, and missionaries. He also gives significant perspective to the forebears of the Lower Creeks, with an emphasis on the late 17th century, when Spanish documents recorded the important events of the interior regions of the Southeast.
As Hann's fifth study of Florida natives, this book includes chapters on the Yamasee War and its aftermath and the early 18th-century dissolution of many societies and withdrawal of Spaniards from the region. This volume will be of great interest to archaeologists working in the Lower Southeast, historians and ethnohistorians specializing in Native American or Spanish colonial history, Latin American and Caribbean scholars concerned with Spanish colonial contexts, and anyone interested in Native Americans or Florida history.
|1||Introduction and first contacts||1|
|2||The Amacano, Chine, Chacato, and Pacara||22|
|3||The Chisca and Chichimeco-Westo||52|
|6||A hostile Apalachicoli, 1690-1715||121|
|7||The Yamasee war and its aftermath||137|
|8||The final years, 1718 to the mid-1740s||174|