The Neural Basis of Free Will: Criterial Causation

The Neural Basis of Free Will: Criterial Causation

by Peter Ulric Tse
     
 

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The issues of mental causation, consciousness, and free will have vexed philosophers since Plato. In this book, Peter Tse examines these unresolved issues from a neuroscientific perspective. In contrast with philosophers who use logic rather than data to argue whether mental causation or consciousness can exist given unproven first assumptions, Tse proposes that we

Overview

The issues of mental causation, consciousness, and free will have vexed philosophers since Plato. In this book, Peter Tse examines these unresolved issues from a neuroscientific perspective. In contrast with philosophers who use logic rather than data to argue whether mental causation or consciousness can exist given unproven first assumptions, Tse proposes that we instead listen to what neurons have to say. Tse draws on exciting recent neuroscientific data concerning how informational causation is realized in physical causation at the level of NMDA receptors, synapses, dendrites, neurons, and neuronal circuits. He argues that a particular kind of strong free will and "downward" mental causation are realized in rapid synaptic plasticity. Such informational causation cannot change the physical basis of information realized in the present, but it can change the physical basis of information that may be realized in the immediate future. This gets around the standard argument against free will centered on the impossibility of self-causation. Tse explores the ways that mental causation and qualia might be realized in this kind of neuronal and associated information-processing architecture, and considers the psychological and philosophical implications of having such an architecture realized in our brains.

Editorial Reviews

New York Journal of Books

... a groundbreaking new paradigm about how the mind works.

Scientific American - Stephen Macknik

I love Tse's book. It has literally set me free. It explains these ideas in full glory, in exquisite detail...

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262313162
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
02/22/2013
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
Pages:
472
Sales rank:
836,805
File size:
2 MB

What People are saying about this

Christof Koch

Peter Tse boldly attacks the problem of how conscious thoughts can influence the world. His book is not a repetition of eristic yet ultimately tired logical arguments dating back to the ancient Greeks. It's a breath of fresh air,
examining the biophysics of synapses and neurons, to offer a testable hypothesis of how the mental causes the physical.

Alfred Mele

This book is a fascinating, philosophically informed exploration of the neural underpinnings of mental causation, mental representation, consciousness, and free will. Tse's approach is tough-minded, open-minded, and refreshing. We've heard from several neuroscientists recently that free will is an illusion. Tse ably defends an opposing view.

Patrick Cavanagh

Peter Tse gives us a full frontal assault on the neuroscience of the will. He brings in the relevant science and shows how mental causation is neuronal causation -- detailing where, how, and why it happens. A fascinating read for serious neuroscientists and philosophers.

Meet the Author

Peter Ulric Tse is Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Dartmouth College. He was awarded a
Guggenheim Fellowship in 2014.

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