The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration / Edition 1 by James P. Smith, Barry Edmonston, Panel on the Demographic and Economic Impacts of Immigration, National Research Council | | 9780309063562 | Hardcover | Barnes & Noble
The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration / Edition 1

The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration / Edition 1

by James P. Smith, Barry Edmonston, Panel on the Demographic and Economic Impacts of Immigration, National Research Council
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309063566

ISBN-13: 9780309063562

Pub. Date: 10/15/1997

Publisher: National Academies Press

This book sheds light on one of the most controversial issues of the decade. It identifies the economic gains and losses from immigration—for the nation, states, and local areas—and provides a foundation for public discussion and policymaking. Three key questions are explored:

  • What is the influence of immigration on the overall economy,

Overview

This book sheds light on one of the most controversial issues of the decade. It identifies the economic gains and losses from immigration—for the nation, states, and local areas—and provides a foundation for public discussion and policymaking. Three key questions are explored:

  • What is the influence of immigration on the overall economy, especially national and regional labor markets?
  • What are the overall effects of immigration on federal, state, and local government budgets?
  • What effects will immigration have on the future size and makeup of the nation's population over the next 50 years? The New Americans examines what immigrants gain by coming to the United States and what they contribute to the country, the skills of immigrants and those of native-born Americans, the experiences of immigrant women and other groups, and much more. It offers examples of how to measure the impact of immigration on government revenues and expenditures—estimating one year's fiscal impact in California, New Jersey, and the United States and projecting the long-run fiscal effects on government revenues and expenditures. Also included is background information on immigration policies and practices and data on where immigrants come from, what they do in America, and how they will change the nation's social fabric in the decades to come.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309063562
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
10/15/1997
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
448
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.32(d)

Table of Contents

SUMMARY 1(13)
Impact of Immigration on the U.S. Population 3(1)
Economic Impacts of Immigration 4(4)
Fiscal Impacts of Immigration 8(4)
Social Dimensions of Immigration 12(2)
1 THE IMMIGRATION DEBATE
14(6)
Immigration Policy
15(1)
Who Wins? Who Loses?
16(1)
Is Immigration "Too" Costly?
16(1)
What Did the Panel Do?
17(2)
A Road Map
19(1)
2 BACKGROUND TO CONTEMPORARY U.S. IMMIGRATION
20(56)
A Word About Terminology
21(1)
U.S. Immigration Laws and Trends
22(8)
Background to Immigration Numbers
30(7)
Current U.S. Immigration Policy
37(15)
Immigrant Characteristics
52(10)
Comparison with Other Countries
62(3)
The Canadian Case
65(2)
Conclusions
67(1)
References
68(3)
Appendix 2.A: Admission of Immigrants into Canada
71(5)
3 THE FACE OF THE U.S. POPULATION IN 2050
76(59)
Background to Population Change
78(3)
A Projection Model
81(12)
National Population Growth
93(5)
Implications of the Size of the Population
98(1)
Age and Sex Composition
99(11)
Immigrants and Their Children
110(3)
Racial and Ethnic Composition
113(9)
Conclusions
122(1)
References
123(1)
Appendix 3.A: Population Projection Model
124(7)
Appendix 3.B: Population Projection Assumptions
131(2)
Appendix 3.C: Sensitivity of Population Projection Results
133(2)
4 IMMIGRATION'S EFFECTS ON JOBS AND WAGES: FIRST PRINCIPLES
135(38)
First Principles: Labor Market Effects of Immigration
136(17)
Growth and Immigration
153(11)
Conclusions
164(1)
References
165(1)
Appendix 4.A: Immigration in the Two-Good, Two-Factor Model
166(4)
Appendix 4.B: Assessing the Labor Market Benefits and Costs of Immigration
170(3)
5 IMMIGRATION'S EFFECTS ON JOBS AND WAGES: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
173(81)
The Economic Gain to Immigrants
174(7)
Trends in Immigrant Skills
181(4)
Differentials Across National Origins and the Decline in Immigrant Skills
185(5)
Who Are the Immigrants?
190(6)
Economic Assimilation
196(8)
Emigration
204(1)
Trends in Employment
205(4)
Occupations and Jobs
209(10)
Impact of Immigrants on Native Earnings and Employment
219(9)
Immigration and Native Migration
228(2)
Price Effects of Immigration
230(5)
Conclusions
235(2)
References
237(3)
Appendix 5.A: Observed Wage Growth of Men and Women
240(11)
Appendix 5.B: Calculation of Shares of Expenditures Attributable to Immigrant Labor
251(3)
6 DO IMMIGRANTS IMPOSE A NET FISCAL BURDEN? ANNUAL ESTIMATES
254(43)
Introduction
254(3)
Estimating the Annual Fiscal Impact of New Immigrants
257(13)
Estimates of the Annual Fiscal Impact of Immigrant-Headed Households
270(22)
Conclusions
292(2)
References
294(3)
7 THE FUTURE FISCAL IMPACTS OF CURRENT IMMIGRANTS
297(66)
Introduction
297(1)
Dynamic Incidence
298(4)
Kinds of Impacts
302(4)
The Heterogeneity of Immigrants and Intra-and Intergenerational Mobility
306(2)
The Age Profiles of Taxes and Benefits
308(8)
Aggregate Cross-Sectional Fiscal Impacts of Immigrants and Their Children
316(7)
Constructing Longitudinal Age Profiles
323(2)
Baseline Results
325(6)
The Average Impact of an Incremental Immigrant
331(5)
Alternative Scenarios
336(5)
The Timing of Fiscal Impacts
341(3)
Interpreting the Results
344(5)
Summary
349(3)
Key Conclusions
352(2)
References
354(1)
Appendix 7.A: Intergenerational Educational Mobility
355(3)
Appendix 7.B: Net Present Values for Immigrants and Natives, by Scenario
358(4)
Appendix 7.C: Discussion of Data Sets for the Study of Fiscal Impacts
362(1)
8 THE SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF IMMIGRATION
363(44)
Integration of Immigrants into American Society
365(17)
Effect of Immigrants on American Institutions
382(7)
Attitudes Toward Immigration and Interethnic Relations
389(4)
Immigration and Interethnic Tensions
393(2)
Conclusions
395(2)
References
397(5)
Appendix 8.A: Analysis of Polling Data
402(5)
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 407(6)
INDEX 413

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