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Whether and in what sense the Son of God might eternally submit to his Father's will is a question that has ignited a firestorm of controversy in today's evangelical academy. On one side stand those who regard the affirmation of any inequality whatsoever in the Godhead as a revival of ancient subordinationism. On the other stand persons who consider the Son functionally subordinate to the Father even within the immanent Trinity, without respect to the Incarnation, and regard ...
Whether and in what sense the Son of God might eternally submit to his Father's will is a question that has ignited a firestorm of controversy in today's evangelical academy. On one side stand those who regard the affirmation of any inequality whatsoever in the Godhead as a revival of ancient subordinationism. On the other stand persons who consider the Son functionally subordinate to the Father even within the immanent Trinity, without respect to the Incarnation, and regard their belief as integral to historic orthodoxy.
Many evangelicals, moreover, view the issue of subordination within the Trinity as pivotal to contemporary disputes about the role of women in church, home, and state. If the relations of the divine persons constitute a paradigm for human life, persons on all sides of the gender question argue, human relations ought to reflect either the divine persons' exceptionless equality or their orderly differentiation of roles. At the same time, others consider the issues of equality in the Trinity and gender relations irrelevant to each other and accuse both complementarians and evangelical feminists of degrading the doctrine of the Trinity into a partisan weapon.
The New Evangelical Subordinationism? gathers commentary on evangelical debates about equality and subordination in the Trinity from representatives of the gamut of perspectives just mentioned. Here, evangelical theologians, biblical scholars, and church historians of widely differing theological orientations address themselves to the panoply of questions raised by these debates. This volume, unprecedented in the breadth and depth of its coverage of the controversy over subordination in the Trinity, should become a standard source for teaching and research on its subject.
Preface H. Wayne House Dennis W. Jowers xi
1 The New Evangelical Subordinationism: Reading Inequality into the Trinity Phillip Cary 1
2 Equal in Essence, Distinct in Roles: Eternal Functional Authority and Submission among the Essentially Equal Divine Persons of the Godhead Bruce A. Ware 13
3 Subordination within the Trinity: John 5:18 and 1 Cor 15:28 Craig S. Keener 39
4 "Son" Christology in the New Testament Linda L. Belleville 59
5 Christ's Functional Subordination in Philippians 2:6: A Grammatical Note with Trinitarian Implications Denny Burk 82
6 Trinitarian Agency and the Eternal Subordination of the Son: An Augustinian Perspective Keith E. Johnson 108
7 The Eternal Relational Subordination of the Son to the Father in Patristic Thought H. Wayne House 133
8 The Formula of Baptism and the Equality of the Godhead: Joseph Bingham (1668-1723) and the Trinitarian Controversy in Late-Stuart England Yudha Thianto 182
9 An Evangelical Statement on the Trinity William David Spencer 213
10 Biblical Evidence for the Eternal Submission of the Son to the Father Wayne Grudem 223
11 The Trinity without Tiers Kevin Giles 262
12 Subordination in the Trinity and Gender Roles: A Response to Recent Discussion Michael F. Bird Robert Shillaker 288
13 Relation and Person: Potential Contributions of Karl Rahner's Theology to Evangelical Trinitarian Debates Mary Veeneman 311
14 A Trinitarian Model of Marriage Jack Judith Balswick 325
15 Complementarian Trinitarianism: Divine Revelation is Finally True to the Eternal Personal Relations J. Scott Horrell 339
16 The Inconceivability of Subordination within a Simple God Dennis W. Jowers 375
Conclusion Dennis W. Jowers 411
List of Contributors 415
Subject Index 417
Names Index 420
Scripture Index 429