The Oculomotor System of the Rabbit and Its Plasticity

Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1981)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642816291
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 12/25/2011
  • Series: Studies of Brain Function Series, #5
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1981
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.69 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 0.54 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- 1.1 Orientation of the Eyes.- 1.2 Retinal Organization.- 1.3 Visual Acuity.- 2 Eye Movements in Spontaneous Behavior.- 2.1 Techniques.- 2.2 Spontaneous Activity.- 2.3 Structure of Saccades.- 2.4 Intersaccadic Gaze Stability.- 2.5 Active Pursuit.- 2.6 Vergence.- 2.7 Conclusions.- 3 Eye Movements During Passive Oscillation.- 3.1 Rotation Around the Three Principal Axes.- 3.2 Properties of the Horizontal Canal-Ocular Reflex.- 3.3 Visual Suppression of the VOR.- 3.4 Maculo-Ocular Reflexes.- 3.5 Conclusions.- 4 Optokinetic and Postrotatory Nystagmus.- 4.1 The Nature of the Optokinetic Reflex.- 4.2 Optokinetic Responses to Sinusoidal Stimulation.- 4.3 Optokinetic Nystagmus.- 4.4 Open-Loop Optokinetic Nystagmus.- 4.5 Optokinetic Reactions in Different Directions.- 4.6 Vestibulo-Ocular and Optokinetic Responses During and After Rotations at a Constant Velocity.- 4.7 Conclusions.- 5 Signal Processing.- 5.1 Retinal Motion Detection.- 5.2 Relevance of Different Primary Optic Projections for OKN.- 5.2.1 The Geniculo-Cortical Projection.- 5.2.2 The Superior Colliculus.- 5.3 Direction-Selectivity in the Nucleus of the Optic Tract.- 5.4 Direction-Selectivity in the Posterior Accessory Optic System.- 5.5 Efferent Connections from the Nucleus of the Optic Tract.- 5.6 Effects of Bilateral Labyrinthectomy.- 5.7 The Effect of Cerebellectomy on OKN.- 5.8 Modeling of the Rabbit’s Optokinetic System.- 6 Adaptation and its Limits.- 6.1 Unilateral Labyrinthectomy.- 6.2 Dark-Rearing.- 6.2.1 Responses to Sinusoidal Movement in Darkness (VOR).- 6.2.2 Responses to Sinusoidal Movement with Eyes Open (VOR and OKN).- 6.2.3 Optokinetic Nystagmus.- 6.3 Long-Term Adaptation of VOR and OKN.- 6.3.1 Adaptive Phenomena in the VOR.- 6.3.2 Conditions for Visual Adaptation of the VOR.- 6.3.3 Adaptation to Inverted Motion yision, Restricted Visual Field.- 6.3.4 Adaptation to Inverted Motion Vision, Whole Visual Field.- 6.3.5 Adaptation by Visual Stimulation Only.- 6.3.6 Frequency Specificity of Adaptation.- 6.3.7 Adaptation in Synergic Operation of VOR and OKN.- 6.3.8 Conclusions on Adaptation.- 6.4 Optokinetic Anomalies in Albino Rabbits.- 6.4.1 Inverted OKN in Albino Rabbits.- 6.4.2 Anomalous Receptive Fields in the Nucleus of the Optic Tract in Albino Rabbits.- 6.4.3 Adaptation Experiments in Albino Rabbits.- 6.5 Conclusions.- References.- 1 Introduction.- 2 The Optokinetic Nystagmus in the Rabbit.- 2.1 The Conditions for the Eliciting of OKN.- 2.1.1 Size of the Moving Field.- 2.1.2 Velocity of Moving Contrasts.- 2.1.3 Nature of the Stimulus.- 2.2 Slow and Fast Phase.- 2.3 Quantitative Relations Between Stimulus and Effect.- 2.3.1 Equilibrium Between Stimulus and Nystagmus, at Different Velocities of the Moving Contrasts.- 2.3.2 Behavior of Nystagmus at the Beginning and End of Stimulation.- 2.4 A Theoretical Model of the Central Mechanism of Stare Nystagmus.- 2.5 Optokinetic and Vestibular Nystagmus.- 3 Stare Nystagmus in Other Species of Animals.- 4 The Localization of Stare Nystagmus in the Central Nervous System.- 5 Look Nystagmus.- 6 The Localization of Look Nystagmus in the Central Nervous System.- References.
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