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The Origins of American Criminology is an invaluable resource. Both separately and together, these essays capture the stories behind the invention of criminology’s major theoretical perspectives. They preserve information that otherwise would have been lost. There is urgency to embark on this reflective task given that the generation that defined the field for the past decades is heading into retirement. This fine volume insures that their life experiences will not be forgotten....
The Origins of American Criminology is an invaluable resource. Both separately and together, these essays capture the stories behind the invention of criminology’s major theoretical perspectives. They preserve information that otherwise would have been lost. There is urgency to embark on this reflective task given that the generation that defined the field for the past decades is heading into retirement. This fine volume insures that their life experiences will not be forgotten.
The volume shows criminology to be a human enterprise. Ideas are not driven primarily—and often not at all—by data. Theories are not invented solely as part of the scientific process; they are not inevitable. American criminology’s great theories most often precede the collection of data; they guide and produce empirical inquiry, not vice versa. Theoretical paradigms are shaped by a host of factors—scholars’ assumptions about the world drawn from their social constructs, disciplinary content and ideology, cognitive environments found in specific universities and the field’s scholarly networks, and, quirks in a person’s biography.
The volume demonstrates that humanity is what makes theory possible. Diverse experiences—when we were born, where we have lived, the unique trajectories of our personal life courses, the disciplines and academic places we have ended up—allow individual scholars to see the world differently.
Introduction: Preserving the Origins of American Criminology Francis T. Cullen Cheryl Lero Jonson Andrew J. Myer Freda Adler 1
Part I The Chicago School of Criminology
1 Clifford R. Shaw and Henry D. McKay: Chicago Criminologists Jon Snodgrass 17
2 Edwin H. Sutherland: The Development of Differential Association Theory Colin Goff Gilbert Geis 37
3 Communities and Crime Revisited: Intellectual Trajectory of a Chicago School Education Robert J. Sampson 63
Part II Merton's Columbia University Tradition
4 The Making of Criminology Revisited: An Oral History of Merton's Anomie Paradigm Francis T. Cullen Steven F. Messner 89
5 The Intellectual Origins of Institutional-Anomie Theory Richard Rosenfeld Steven F. Messner 121
6 Revitalizing Merton: General Strain Theory Robert Agnew 137
Part III Criminology at the University of Pennsylvania
7 Thorsten Sellin: Culture Conflict, Crime, and Beyond Colin Goff Gilbert Geis 161
8 The Pennsylvania School of Criminology: Building Tipping Points for a Discipline Lawrence W. Sherman 175
9 The Rise of Feminist Criminology: Freda Adler Jennifer L. Hartman Jody L. Sundt 205
Part IV New Visions of Crime
10 Becoming a Peacemaking Criminologist: The Travels of Richard Quinney John F. Wozniak 223
11 The Origins of the Routine Activity Approach and Situational Crime Prevention Ronald V. Clarke Marcus Felson 245
12 Because Crime Hurts, Justice Must Heal: John Braithwaite Nicole Leeper Piquero Paul Mazerolle 261
Part V The Control Theory-Social Learning Theory Debate
13 The Origins and Development of Containment Theory Walter C. Reckless Simon Dinitz C. Ronald Huff Frank R. Scarpitti 277
14 Control Theory: The Life and Work of Travis Hirschi John H. Laub 295
15 In Pursuit of A General Theory of Crime Michael R. Gottfredson 333
16 The Origins of Me and of Social Learning Theory: Personal and Professional Recollections and Reflections Ronald L. Akers 347
Part VI The Development of Life-Course Theory
17 Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck's Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency Study: The Lives of 1,000 Boston Men in the Twentieth Century John H. Laub Robert J. Sampson 369
18 Understanding the Development of Antisocial Behavior: Terrie Moffitt Alex R. Piquero 397