The Other Great Migration: The Movement of Rural African Americans to Houston, 1900-1941

The Other Great Migration: The Movement of Rural African Americans to Houston, 1900-1941

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by Bernadette Pruitt
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1603449485

ISBN-13: 9781603449489

Pub. Date: 11/30/2013

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press


The twentieth century has seen two great waves of African American migration from rural areas into the city, changing not only the country’s demographics but also black culture. In her thorough study of migration to Houston, Bernadette Pruitt portrays the move from rural to urban homes in Jim Crow Houston as a form of black activism and resistance to racism.

Overview


The twentieth century has seen two great waves of African American migration from rural areas into the city, changing not only the country’s demographics but also black culture. In her thorough study of migration to Houston, Bernadette Pruitt portrays the move from rural to urban homes in Jim Crow Houston as a form of black activism and resistance to racism.

Between 1900 and 1950 nearly fifty thousand blacks left their rural communities and small towns in Texas and Louisiana for Houston. Jim Crow proscription, disfranchisement, acts of violence and brutality, and rural poverty pushed them from their homes; the lure of social advancement and prosperity based on urban-industrial development drew them. Houston’s close proximity to basic minerals, innovations in transportation, increased trade, augmented economic revenue, and industrial development prompted white families, commercial businesses, and industries near the Houston Ship Channel to recruit blacks and other immigrants to the city as domestic laborers and wage earners.

Using census data, manuscript collections, government records, and oral history interviews, Pruitt details who the migrants were, why they embarked on their journeys to Houston, the migration networks on which they relied, the jobs they held, the neighborhoods into which they settled, the culture and institutions they transplanted into the city, and the communities and people they transformed in Houston.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781603449489
Publisher:
Texas A&M University Press
Publication date:
11/30/2013
Series:
Sam Rayburn Series on Rural Life, sponsored by Texas A&M University-Commerce, #21
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
480
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword ix

Preface xi

Introduction 1

1 Pulling Up the Stakes: The Great Migration to Houston, 1900-1930 15

2 Building a City: Migrant Settlements in Houston, 1900-1941 55

3 Beautiful People: Agency in Houston, 1900-1941 95

4 That Was Their Protection and Safeguard": Houston's "New Negro," 1917-1941 141

5 In "The Garden of Eden": The Houston Renaissance, 1900-1941 187

6 The Black Economy at "Work: Wage Earners, Professionals, Economic Crisis, and the Origins of the Second Great Migration, 1900-1941 213

Conclusion: New Beginnings, New Institutions, New Migrations 277

Notes 291

Bibliography 387

Index 431

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The Other Great Migration: The Movement of Rural African Americans to Houston, 1900-1941 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 4 reviews.
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