The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

Overview

How can a society prevent-not deter, not punish-but prevent crime? Criminal justice prevention, commonly called crime control, aims to prevent crime after an initial offence has been commited through anything from an arrest to a death penalty sentence. These traditional means have been frequently examined and their efficacy just as frequently questioned. Promising new forms of crime prevention have emerged and expanded as important components of an overall strategy to reduce ...

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Overview

How can a society prevent-not deter, not punish-but prevent crime? Criminal justice prevention, commonly called crime control, aims to prevent crime after an initial offence has been commited through anything from an arrest to a death penalty sentence. These traditional means have been frequently examined and their efficacy just as frequently questioned. Promising new forms of crime prevention have emerged and expanded as important components of an overall strategy to reduce crime.

Crime prevention today has developed along three lines: interventions to improve the life chances of children and prevent them from embarking on a life of crime; programs and policies designed to ameliorate the social conditions and institutions that influence offending; and the modification or manipulation of the physical environment, products, or systems to reduce everyday opportunities for crime. Each strategy aims at preventing crime or criminal offending in the first instance - before the act has been committed. Each, importantly, takes place outside of the formal criminal justice system, representing an alternative, perhaps even socially progressive way to reduce crime. The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention is a comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative review of research on crime prevention. Bringing together top scholars in criminology, public policy, psychology, and sociology, this Handbook includes critical reviews of the main theories that form the basis of crime prevention, evidence-based assessments of the effectiveness of the most important interventions, and cross-cutting essays that examine implementation, evaluation methodology, and public policy.

Covering the three major crime prevention strategies active today-developmental, community, and situational-this definitive volume addresses seriously and critically the ways in which the United States and the Western world have attempted, and should continue to strive for the of crime.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199396696
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 7/1/2014
  • Series: Oxford Handbooks Series
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 560
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Brandon C. Welsh is Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Northeastern University and Senior Research Fellow at the Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement.

David P. Farrington is Director of Research, Emeritus Professor of Psychological Criminology, and Leverhulme Trust Emeritus Fellow at the Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University. He is a former president of the American Society of Criminology, the British Society of Criminology, and the European Association of Psychology and Law.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Contributors
1. Crime Prevention and Public Policy
Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington
Part I: Developmental Crime Prevention
2. Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Offending
Francis T. Cullen, Michael L. Benson, and Matthew D. Makarios
3. Risk and Protective Factors for Offending
David P. Farrington, Rolf Loeber, and Maria M. Ttofi
4. Preventing Crime Through Intervention in the Preschool Years
Holly S. Schindler and Hirokazu Yoshikawa
5. Parent Training and the Prevention of Crime
Alex R. Piquero and Wesley G. Jennings
6. Child Social Skills Training in the Prevention of Antisocial Development and Crime
Friedrich Losel and Doris Bender
7. Developmental Approaches in the Prevention of Female Offending
Deborah Gorman-Smith and Alana M. Vivolo
Part II: Community Crime Prevention
8. Community-Level Infl uences on Crime and Offending
Steven F. Messner and Gregory M. Zimmerman
9. Disorder and Crime
Wesley G. Skogan
10. Poverty Deconcentration and the Prevention of Crime
Jens Ludwig and Julia Burdick-Will
11. Peer Influence, Mentoring, and the Prevention of Crime
Christopher J. Sullivan and Darrick Jolliffe
12. Comprehensive Community Partnerships for Preventing Crime
Dennis P. Rosenbaum and Amie M. Schuck
13. Community-Based Substance Use Prevention
Abigail A. Fagan and J. David Hawkins
14. Schools and Prevention
Denise C. Gottfredson, Philip J. Cook, and Chongmin Na
Part III: Situational Crime Prevention
15. Situational Crime Prevention: Classifying Techniques Using "Good Enough" Theory
Martha J. Smith and Ronald V. Clarke
16. High Crime Places, Times, and Offenders
Anthony A. Braga
17. Crime Displacement and Diffusion of Benefits
Shane D. Johnson, Rob T. Guerette, and Kate J. Bowers
18. Place-Based Crime Prevention: Theory, Evidence, and Policy
John E. Eck and Rob T. Guerette
19. The Private Sector and Designing Products Against Crime
Paul Ekblom
20. Once Bitten, Twice Shy: Repeat Victimization and Its Prevention
Louise Grove and Graham Farrell
Part IV : Advancing Knowledge and Building a Safer Society
21. Implementing Crime Prevention: Good Governance and a Science of Implementation
Ross Homel and Peter Homel
22. The Importance of Randomized Experiments in Evaluating Crime Prevention
David Weisburd and Joshua C. Hinkle
23. Preventing Future Criminal Activities of Delinquents and Offenders
Doris Layton MacKenzie
24. Public Opinion and Crime Prevention: A Review of International Trends
Julian V. Roberts and Ross Hastings
25. The Science and Politics of Crime Prevention: Toward a New Crime Policy
Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington
Index

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