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The Oxford Handbook of Criminology / Edition 3

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology / Edition 3

by Mike Maguire, Robert Reiner, Rod Morgan

ISBN-10: 0199256098

ISBN-13: 9780199256099

Pub. Date: 07/01/2002

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

The most comprehensive and authoritative single volume text on the subject, the fourth edition of the acclaimed Oxford Handbook of Criminology combines state-of-the-art reviews of all the key topics with extensive references to aid further research. In addition to the analysis of the main theoretical perspectives, the book provides up-to-date coverage of research and


The most comprehensive and authoritative single volume text on the subject, the fourth edition of the acclaimed Oxford Handbook of Criminology combines state-of-the-art reviews of all the key topics with extensive references to aid further research. In addition to the analysis of the main theoretical perspectives, the book provides up-to-date coverage of research and policy developments concerning criminal justice, crime, criminalization, crime statistics, and their relationship to race, gender, youth cultures, and the political economy. The fourth edition has been substantially revised and updated, with new chapters on important areas such as cultural criminology, the governance of security, and diversity, crime and criminal justice. Developed to meet course requirements, the Oxford Handbook of Criminology is essential reading for all students and teachers of criminology and an indispensable sourcebook for professionals.

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Oxford University Press, USA
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Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors     xvii
Introduction to the Fourth Edition   Mike Maguire   Rod Morgan   Robert Reiner     xxi
Guided Tour of the Online Resource Centre     xxvi
Criminology: History and Theory
Sociological Theories of Crime   Paul Rock     3
Introduction: The Development of Criminology in Britain     3
Sociological Criminology     7
Crime and Control     8
Crime, Control, and Space     18
Radical Criminology     23
Functionalist Criminology     26
Signification     28
Criminology as an Eclectic Discipline     33
Prospects for the Future     34
Criminological Psychology   Clive R. Hollin     43
Introduction     43
The Growth of Psychology     44
Psychology and Criminology: Early Accord     46
Psychology and Criminology: The Parting of the Ways     48
Psychology and Criminology: Little Common Ground     51
Psychology and Criminology: Not on Speaking Terms     57
Psychology and Criminology: Return to Cordiality?     65
Concluding Comment     70
Contemporary Landscapes of Crime, Order, and Control:Governance, Risk, and Globalization   Ian Loader   Richard Sparks     78
Introduction     78
Governance     79
Risk     84
Globalization     88
Conclusion: Criminology, Culture, and Public Life     93
Cultural Criminology   Keith Hayward   Jock Young     102
Introduction     102
For a Sociologically Inspired Criminology     103
This is 'What is Cultural' about Cultural Criminology     105
Inside the 'Hall of Mirrors': Media, Representation, Meaning     108
Transgressive Subjects: Uncovering the Meanings and Emotions of Crime     111
Dangerous Knowledge     113
Conclusion     117
Historical Perspectives on Crime   Clive Emsley     122
Introduction     122
Theory     123
From Violence to Theft?     125
Statistical Data     128
Cultural History     131
Human Agency     132
Continuities, Discontinuities, and Connections     134
Comparing Criminal Justice   David Nelken     139
Why Study Criminal Justice Comparatively?     139
On Methods of Comparative Research     143
Approaches to Comparison     147
Diversity, Crime, and Criminal Justice   Barbara Hudson     158
Introduction: From Difference to Diversity     158
Diversity and Crime     159
Difference, Diversity and Justice     166
Community, Diversity, and Human Rights     171
The Social Construction of Crime and Crime Control
Legal Constructions of Crime   Nicola Lacey     179
The Relationship between Criminal Law, Criminology, and Criminal Justice Studies     180
Criminal Law     182
Contextualizing Criminal Law: Criminological Perspectives     192
The Doctrinal Structure of Criminal Law: Questions for the Social Sciences     194
From Critical Criminal Law to Criminalization     196
No Turning Back: The Politics of Law and Order Into the Millennium   David Downes   Rod Morgan     201
Introduction     201
British General Elections and 'Law and Order', 1945-2005     203
Pressure-Group and Interest-Group Politics     222
Matters of Scandal and Concern     231
Conclusions     234
Crime Data and Statistics   Mike Maguire     241
Introduction      241
Historical Overview: The Rise and Fall of Official Statistics     243
Interpreting the Statistics     254
Alternatives and Challenges to the Official Picture     276
Recent Developments and Emerging Issues     290
Media-Made Criminality: The Representation of Crime in the Mass Media   Robert Reiner     302
Crime in the Media: Subversion, Social Control, or Mental Chewing Gum?     302
The Content of Media Images of Crime     303
The Consequences of Media Images of Crime     315
The Causes of Media Representations of Crime     323
Observers or Players? The Media and Crime in Postmodernity     327
Dimensions of Crime
Political Economy, Crime, and Criminal Justice   Robert Reiner     341
Introduction: Political Economy and Crime: A One-Sided Accentuation?     341
Political Economy and Criminological Theory     345
Economic Factors and Crime: What is the Empirical Evidence?     355
Political Economies, Crime, and Criminal Justice: Comparative and Historical Perspectives     363
Conclusion: Markets, Meanings, Morals     372
Gender and Crime   Frances Heidensohn   Loraine Gelsthorpe     381
Introduction     381
Feminist Contributions to Criminology     381
The Early Feminist Critique of Criminology     383
Methodological Issues and Developments     385
Theoretical Work on Masculinity     387
Women, Men, and Crime     391
Gender, Crime, and Justice in Late Modernity     406
Ethnicities, Racism, Crime, and Criminal Justice   Coretta Phillips   Ben Bowling     421
Setting the Context: Historical, Conceptual, and Contemporary     422
Redrawing the Parameters of the 'Race and Crime' Debate: Victimization and Offending     424
The Social Construction of Ethnicity and Criminality     429
Criminological Research on Ethnicity and Crime     430
The Police and Policing Minority Communities     434
Explaining Disproportionality     436
Prison and Probation     445
Minority Ethnic Employment in the Criminal Justice System     448
Conclusion: Challenges for Theory, Research, and Practice     450
Victims, Victimization, and Criminal Justice   Carolyn Hoyle   Lucia Zedner     461
Introduction     461
The Nature and Distribution of Victimization     462
Victims' Movements and Victims' Justice     470
Victims in the Criminal Justice Process     473
The Rise of Restorative Justice     481
Conclusion     487
Mentally Disordered Offenders, Mental Health, and Crime   Jill Peay     496
Policy Development in England and Wales: A Context of Conflicting Themes     497
Mental Disorder and Offenders: A Case for Special Provision?     501
The Problem of Definition     503
Mentally Disordered Offenders: A Minority Group?     504
Mental Disorder, Offending Behaviour, and Treatment     511
Protective Sentencing: Procedural Safeguards versus Treatment     519
Conclusions     522
Place, Space, Crime, and Disorder   Anthony E. Bottoms     528
Place, Space, and Crime: A Brief History     530
Preliminary Methodological Issues     533
Explaining the Location of Offences     535
Socio-Spatial Dimensions of Incivilities and Disorder     550
Explaining the Location of Offender Residence     557
Integrating Socio-Spatial Criminology     567
Macro-Level Issues     568
Youth Crime and Youth Culture   Tim Newburn     575
Youth and Crime in Historical Context     575
Youth in Post-war Britain     577
Young People, Crime, and Victimization     585
Conclusion     595
Childhood Risk Factors and Risk-Focused Prevention   David P. Farrington     602
Introduction     602
Individual Risk Factors     608
Family Risk Factors     613
Explaining Development and Risk Factors     619
Risk-Focused Prevention     623
Conclusions     629
Crime and the Life Course   David J. Smith     641
Problems of Method     642
The Extent of Specialization in Offending     646
The Extent of Stability and Change over the Life Course     651
Explaining Stability     662
Explaining Desistance     669
Conclusion     674
Forms of Crime
Violent Crime   Michael Levi   Mike Maguire   Fiona Brookman     687
Introduction     687
Attitudes to Violence and Constructions of Blame     689
Extent of Violent Crime and Risks of Victimization     692
Predicting and Explaining Violent Behaviour     703
Making Sense of Homicide     716
Responses to Violence: Recent Trends     718
Conclusions     722
White-Collar and Corporate Crime   David Nelken     733
Introduction     733
Seven Types of Ambiguity     736
White-Collar Crime as a Contested Concept     738
Is White-Collar Crime Really Crime?     741
Explaining the Causes of White-Collar Crime     742
White-Collar Crime in its Everyday Settings     748
The Ambivalent Response to White-Collar Crime     752
White-Collar Crime as an Index of Social Change     758
The Collateral Costs of Control     760
Organized Crime and Terrorism   Michael Levi     771
Introduction     771
Analytical Issues in Defining the Nature of 'Organized Crime'     777
The Nature of Organized Crime and 'its' Markets     782
Terrorism and the Alleged Organized Crime-Terrorism Nexus     791
The Evolution of Crime and Terrorism Organization: Some Tentative Conclusions     794
Drugs, Alcohol, and Crime   Nigel South     810
Introduction     810
A Review of Trends in Drug and Alcohol Use: 1950s to 2005     811
The Control of Drugs: Britain and the Global Context     818
Conclusions     832
Reactions to Crime
The Governance of Security: Pluralization, Privatization, and Polarization in Crime Control   Trevor Jones     841
Clarifying Key Terms     842
Key Features of Contemporary Security Governance     846
Prospects for Democratic Security Governance: Nodal Governance or Re-stating Security?     856
Conclusion     861
Crime Prevention and Community Safety   Adam Crawford     866
The Fall and Rise of Prevention     867
Conceptualizing Prevention     870
Situational Crime Prevention     872
Developmental Crime Prevention     882
Community Crime Prevention     884
Policy Developments in the UK     889
Conclusions     904
Policing and the Police   Tim Newburn   Robert Reiner     910
Introduction: Criminology and Policing     910
The Development of Police Research     911
'Police' and 'Policing'     912
Police Discretion: Its Nature, Operation, and Control     915
'New Tricks': Innovative Policing Strategies     927
Pluralization     932
Internationalization     937
Conclusion: Futures of Policing     941
From Suspect to Trial   Andrew Sanders   Richard Young      953
Models of Criminal Justice     953
Police Decisions 'on the Street'     956
Detention in the Police Station     963
Whether or Not to Prosecute     971
Pre-Trial Processes     976
Conclusion     981
Sentencing   Andrew Ashworth     990
Sentencing and Politics     990
Rationales for Sentencing     992
The Mechanics of Sentencing     998
Custodial Sentencing     1006
Non-Custodial Sentencing     1014
Review of Policy and Practice     1018
Youth Justice   Rod Morgan   Tim Newburn     1024
The Background to the 1998 Reforms     1024
New Labour, New Youth Justice?     1032
The Reformed System in Practice     1042
Conclusion: Whither Youth Justice?     1055
Community Penalties: Probation, 'What Works', and Offender Management   Peter Raynor     1061
Introduction: Catching the Slippery Fish     1061
Current Community Penalties in England and Wales     1063
Origins: From Religious Mission to Social Casework     1066
'Nothing Works' and 'Alternatives to Custody'     1069
Just Deserts and 'Punishment in the Community'     1074
Community Penalties and Crime Reduction: The Rediscovery of Rehabilitation     1075
What Worked and What Didn't?     1079
After 'What Works', What Next? NOMS and the Future     1083
Some Critical Choices for the Future     1086
A Future for Probation?     1090
Imprisonment: An Expanding Scene   Rod Morgan   Alison Liebling     1100
Setting the Scene     1100
The Purpose of Imprisonment     1107
Who Are the Prisoners?     1118
The Sociology of Prisons     1126
Index     1139

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