The Oxford Handbook of Offshoring and Global Employment

Overview


The Oxford Handbook of Offshoring and Global Employment deals with a key issue of our time: How do globalization, economic growth and technological developments interact to impact employment? The book brings together eminent authors from a wide range of countries around the world, drawing on their diverse academic and policymaking backgrounds, and specific national or regional settings to assess how global economic changes have affected employment opportunities. The book is unique in a number of ways - It has a ...
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The Oxford Handbook of Offshoring and Global Employment

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Overview


The Oxford Handbook of Offshoring and Global Employment deals with a key issue of our time: How do globalization, economic growth and technological developments interact to impact employment? The book brings together eminent authors from a wide range of countries around the world, drawing on their diverse academic and policymaking backgrounds, and specific national or regional settings to assess how global economic changes have affected employment opportunities. The book is unique in a number of ways - It has a global reach, presenting analyses and viewpoints from both developed and developing countries, from all continents; its timing and context is particularly instructive, since most papers are located in the aftermath of the global financial crisis; and it addresses a wide range of questions-How do different types of offshoring and global linkages impact employment? How is the skill mix of the labor force impacted by globalization? How do institutional structures and regulations influence the outcome of globalization in developed and developing countries? Individual chapters analyze how the impact of global linkages on national economies is mediated through a number of structural aspects of the economy - its institutional and industrial structure, its resource base, its predominant firm type, its comparative advantage, and its regulatory practices. The chapters in the book cover both manufacturing and services sectors, and many chapters also address policy issues regarding innovation and job creation.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"This volume is a comprehensive treatment of offshoring, covering the trade of goods and services across many regions of the world with both conceptual insights and abundant country evidence. Experts and students alike will be rewarded by a careful study of this valuable handbook."--Robert C. Feenstra, C. Bryan Cameron Distinguished Chair in International Economics, University of California, Davis

"These two dozen essays, written by leading experts in the field, provide a thorough and definitive overview of how offshoring and global employment are related in both developed and developing regions. It provides a both comprehensive and authoritative analysis of the potent drivers of global economic activities and their consequences. This is an invaluable book for both the layperson and the academic who want to learn more about globalization."--Clair Brown, Professor of Economics and Director, Center for Work, Technology, and Society, University of California, Berkeley

"Everything you want to know about offshoring--and more. With chapters on 20 countries and the EU in its entirety and using many different data sets and analytic techniques, this book is an education in how modern global economies function and interact as seen through the lens of offshoring and labor. Whether you are an expert or novice in the economics of offshoring, trade, labor, or development, you will learn a lot about what economics knows and needs to know about this important aspect of globalization. Guaranteed by the Invisible Hand."--Richard Freeman, Herbert Ascherman Professor of Economics, Harvard University

"I commend the volume editors for their vision across countries, sectors, and methodologies. It is truly a global approach to understanding globalization. The breadth of coverage by country, sector, and perspective is remarkable. At a minimum, breaking away from the United States-centric studies to a wide range of developed, emerging, and developing economies is an accomplishment on its own. But the volume is so much more--from theory to policy and especially the careful country detail. Readers looking for an introduction to the issues, in all their breadth, will find that in this volume. Similarly, readers interested in focused depth will be pleased with what they encounter. The book takes and deserves careful reading. It will be a 'go-to' as the benefits and costs of globalization debate continues."--Lori G. Kletzer, Vice President for Academic Affairs and Dean of Faculty, Professor of Economics, Colby College

"This Handbook offers the most authoritative and comprehensive look at the fast changing contours of global employment available today. Scholars from around the world provide empirical insights and theoretical clarity into the often-politicized discussions of offshoring and globalization--including detailed case studies from more than fifteen countries. This will be an invaluable resource for both teaching and scholarship."--AnnaLee Saxenian, Dean and Professor, UC Berkeley School of Information

"A truly invaluable resource for all interested in the location and evolution of modern manufacturing."--John Zysman, Professor, Department of Political Science and Co-Director, Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy, University of California, Berkeley

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199765904
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 5/8/2013
  • Series: Oxford Handbooks Series
  • Pages: 696
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.80 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Ashok Bardhan is a Senior Research Associate at the Fisher Center for Urban Economics, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley

Dwight M. Jaffee is a Professor of Finance and Real Estate at the University of California, Berkeley

Cynthia A. Kroll is a Senior Regional Economist and Executive Director for Staff Research at Fisher Center for Real Estate and Urban Economics, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements

Editor's note

Section Ia: Globalization and Employment in the Developed World

1. The Global Lessons of Offshoring
Ashok Bardhan, Dwight Jaffee, and Cynthia Kroll

2. On Technical Progress and the Gains and Losses from Outsourcing
Ralph E. Gomory and William J. Baumol

3. Services Offshoring and Labor Demand in Europe
Rosario Crinò

4. Services Offshoring and the Relative Demand for White-collar Workers in German Manufacturing
Deborah Winkler

5. The Sector Bias of Offshoring: Empirical Importance for Labor-market Implications
Daniel Horgos

6. How Much Does Offshoring Matter? Evolution of Imports and their Relation to Profits, Labor, and Firms' Strategies in France, 1990-2009
Fabien Besson, Cédric Durand, and Sébastien Miroudot

Section Ib: Small, Developed, and Open Economies

7. The Welfare State as an Investment Strategy: Denmark's Flexicurity Policies
Arthur Daemmrich and Thomas Bredgaard

8. The Impact of Overseas R&D on Domestic R&D Employment
Matthias Deschryvere and Jyrki Ali-Yrkkö

9. The Impact of Offshoring by Services Firms on a Country's Comparative Advantage
Désirée van Gorp and Desirée van Welsum

Section II: Other Developed Countries

10. Offshoring and Japanese Firms
Eiichi Tomiura, Banri Ito, and Ryuhei Wakasugi

11. Offshoring by Japanese Small and Medium Enterprises
Yasuyuki Todo

12. Trade in Middle Products between South Korea and China: A Survey on the Extent of Offshore Production Sharing
Gouranga Das and Hongyul Han

13. Offshoring, Inward Investment, and Export Performance in Ireland
Frank Barry and Adele Bergin

14. Offshoring Higher Education: The Australian Experience
Christopher Ziguras

Section III: The BRIC Countries

15. Employment Expansion in Globalization: How Is China Responding to the Change in Comparative Advantage?
Cai Fang, Du Yang, Wang Meiyan, and Qu Yue

16. The Changing Character of Indian Offshore ICT Services Provision, 1985-2010
Balaji Parthasarathy

17. Offshoring Strategy in Subsidiaries of Multinational Corporations in Brazil
Paulo Roberto Gião and Moacir de Miranda Oliveira Júnior

18. Evaluation of Russia's Attractiveness as an IT Offshoring Destination
Julia Kotlarsky, Natalia Levina, and Katerina Kuraksina

Section IV: Other Parts of the Developing World

19. Job Quality in Offshored Business Services
Naj Ghosheh and Jon Messenger

20. Does Industrial Upgrading Generate Employment and Wage Gains?
Thomas Bernhardt and William Milberg

21. Regional Competitiveness in the Latin American Offshore Services Value Chain
Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, and Gary Gereffi

22. Are NAFTA and Export-Oriented Industrialization Passé for Mexico's Economy? Global Lessons
Enrique Dussel Peters

23. Kenya's IT-Enabled Services and Employment Consequences of Offshore Linkages
Bob Bell

24. Industrial Strategy, Offshoring, and Employment Promotion in South Africa
Miriam Altman

Index

Index

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