The Oxford Handbook of Research Strategies for Clinical Psychology / Edition 1

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Overview


Mental health problems impose a staggering worldwide public health burden. Regrettably, whereas many sciences have been progressing for centuries (e.g., biology, chemistry) it is only recently that the strategies of science have been applied to the field of clinical psychology. At this relatively early stage in the science of clinical psychology, the majority of work is ahead of us, and as such the prepared investigator must be familiar with the full portfolio of modern research strategies-a set of 'directions' for getting from 'here' to 'there.' To continue to move the science of clinical psychology forward, investigators benefit when they systematically rely on research strategy "routes" that achieve favorable balances between scientific rigor and clinical relevance.

With this need in mind, The Oxford Handbook of Research Strategies for Clinical Psychology has recruited some of the field's foremost experts to explicate the essential research strategies currently used across the modern clinical psychology landscape that maximize both precision and significance. Chapters in this volume address design, measurement, and analytic strategies for clinical psychology, including comprehensive coverage of:

- effective laboratory methods in experimental psychopathology, single-case experimental designs, small pilot trials, the randomized controlled trial, adaptive and modular treatment designs, and dissemination methods and models
- change measurement, observational coding, measurement of process variables across treatment, structural and functional brain imagining, and experience sampling data collection methods
- statistical power, correlation and regression, randomized clinical trial data analysis, conventions in mediation and moderation analysis, structural equation modeling, meta-analytic techniques, item-response theory, and the appropriate handling of missing data.

The book concludes with an integrative summary of research strategies addressed across the volume, and guidelines for future directions in research methodology, design, and analysis that will keep our young science moving forward in a manner that maximizes scientific rigor and clinical relevance.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"The strength of the book is the focus on treatment evaluation and treatment methods rather than on the broader field. Evaluation of psychosocial interventions in laboratory, clinical, and community settings is a critically important topic and of widespread interest. The handbook would have great appeal to those beginning careers on intervention research and to those who teach the pertinent courses." -- PsycCRITIQUES

"Professors of psychology write that the material for this book has been contributed by some of the top researchers--a list of Who's Who in the field. Streamlined organization of content in each chapter makes it easy for the student and practitioner to understand absorb the material. This is an excellent, very useful book on the design, measurement, and analysis of research strategies in clinical psychology, made possible through the efforts of its editors." -Nano Khilnani, Biz India

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Gary B Kaniuk, Psy.D.(Cermak Health Services)
Description: In this book on research strategies and methodologies in clinical psychology, the authors explore group and individual designs, data collection methods, and statistical analyses.
Purpose: The book "brings together some of the field's foremost experts to explicate the essential research strategies currently used across the modern clinical psychology landscape that maximize both precision and significance in treatment."
Audience: Like all of the books in the Oxford Library of Psychology, the audience includes "scholars and graduate students with compelling new perspectives upon a wide range of subjects in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences." The book is not an easy read without a basic foundation in research methodology. Jonathan S. Comer, an associate professor at Florida International University, focuses his research on childhood psychopathology, the impact of disasters on youth, and barriers to treatment. Phillip C. Kendall, from Temple University, is past president of the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (Division 53) and of the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy (AABT, now ABCT). Contributors represent an international authorship from the U.S., Germany, the U. K., and Australia.
Features: Noting the importance of clinical research, the book points out that although there have been advances in the understanding of mental illness in the past 40 years, more research is still needed to discover effective treatment options. Part I explores design strategies and considers various dimensions including experimental psychopathology research (type I), quasi-experimental psychopathology research (type II), nonpatient psychopathology research (type III), and descriptive psychopathology (type IV). The book discusses laboratory methods such as single case designs, small pilot trials, randomized controlled trials, and dissemination methods and models. Part II describes measurement strategies, focusing on test development, observational coding strategies (accessibility, representativeness, setting, units of measurement), and therapy process evaluation (therapy inputs, treatment delivery, change mechanisms, outcomes). It notes how neuroimaging research is important for understanding how medication affects the brain and in reducing unpleasant side effects. In the discussion of analytic strategies in part III, the chapter on meta-analysis lists the basic steps needed for this type of analysis, which is popular in clinical psychology research today. Part IV, on ethical considerations, covers institutional approval, informed consent, conflicts of interest, and scientific misconduct. The book ends with a charge to readers to realize that clinical psychology research is rather new and that research must be rigorous in order to properly inform practice. Investigators must be willing to apply reason and integrity to their passion, in order for society to benefit and individual lives to be changed.
Assessment: This book is well written by an international collection of experts in the field of clinical psychology. It covers the whole range of research, from design to measurement to analysis, emphasizing the importance of ethical behavior and integrity in the research process. It should be in the libraries of clinicians and researchers.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199793549
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 4/23/2013
  • Series: Oxford Library of Psychology Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 476
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Jonathan S. Comer, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at Florida International University and the Center for Children and Families.

Philip C. Kendall, Ph.D., ABPP., Distinguished University Professor, is Laura H. Carnell Professor of Psychology at Temple University.

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Table of Contents

1. A Place for Research Strategies in Clinical Psychology
Jonathan S. Comer and Philip C. Kendall

Part One: Design Strategies for Clinical Psychology

2. Laboratory Methods in Experimental Psychopathology
Michael J. Zvolensky, John P. Forsyth, and Kirsten Johnson

3. Single Case Experimental Designs and Small Pilot Trial Designs
Kaitlin Gallo, Jonathan S. Comer, and David H. Barlow

4. Randomized Controlled Trial: Basics and Beyond
Philip C. Kendall, Jonathan S. Comer, and Candice Chow

5. Dissemination and Implementation Science: Research Models and Methods
Rinad S. Beidas, Tara Mehta, Marc Atkins, Bonnie Solomon, and Jenna Merz

6. Virtual Environments in Clinical Psychology Research
Nina Wong and Deborah C. Beidel

Part Two: Measurement Strategies for Clinical Psychology

7. Assessment and Measurement of Change Considerations in Psychotherapy Research
Randall T. Salekin, Matthew A. Jarrett, and Elizabeth W. Adams

8. Observational Coding Strategies
David J. Hawes, Mark R. Dadds, and Dave S. Pasalich

9. Designing, Conducting, and Evaluating Therapy Process Research
Bryce D. McLeod, Nadia Islam, and Emily Wheat

10. Structural and Functional Brain Imagining in Clinical Psychology
Andrew J. Gerber and Marlen Z. Gonzalez

11. Experience Sampling Methods in Clinical Psychology
Philip S. Santangelo, Ulrich W. Ebner-Priemer, and Timothy J. Trull

Part Three: Analytic Strategies for Clinical Psychology

12. Statistical Power: Issues and Proper Applications
Helena Chmura Kraemer

13. Multiple Regression: Basics and Beyond for Clinical Scientists
Stephen G. West, Leona S. Aiken, Heining Cham, and Yu Liu

14. Statistical Methods for Use in the Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials Utilizing a Pretreatment, Posttreatment, Follow-up (PPF) Paradigm
Kendra L. Read, Philip C. Kendall, Mathew M. Carper, and Joseph R. Rausch

15. Evaluating Treatment Mediators and Moderators
David P. MacKinnon, Ginger Lockhart, Amanda N. Baraldi, and Lois A. Gelfand

16. Structural Equation Modeling: Applications in the Study of Psychopathology
Erika J. Wolf and Timothy A. Brown

17. Meta-analysis in Clinical Psychology Research
Andy P. Field

18. Item-response Theory
Lynne Steinberg and David Thissen

19. Missing Data in Psychological Science
Patrick E. McKnight and Katherine M. McKnight

Part Four: Matters of Responsible Research Conduct in Clinical Psychology

20. Ethical Considerations in Clinical Psychology Research
Gerald P. Koocher

21. Clinical Research with Culturally Diverse Populations
Frederick T.L. Leong and Zornitsa Kalibatseva

Part Five: Conclusion

22. Decades not Days: The Research Enterprise in Clinical Psychology
Philip C. Kendall and Jonathan Comer

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