The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics [NOOK Book]

Overview

Winner of the Cantemir Prize of the Berendel Foundation

Eugenic thought and practice swept the world from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century in a remarkable transnational phenomenon. Eugenics informed social and scientific policy across the political spectrum, from liberal welfare measures in emerging social-democratic states to feminist ambitions for birth control, from public health campaigns to totalitarian dreams of the "perfectibility of man." This book ...

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The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics

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Overview

Winner of the Cantemir Prize of the Berendel Foundation

Eugenic thought and practice swept the world from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century in a remarkable transnational phenomenon. Eugenics informed social and scientific policy across the political spectrum, from liberal welfare measures in emerging social-democratic states to feminist ambitions for birth control, from public health campaigns to totalitarian dreams of the "perfectibility of man." This book dispels for uninitiated readers the automatic and apparently exclusive link between eugenics and the Holocaust. It is the first world history of eugenics and an indispensable core text for both teaching and research. Eugenics has accumulated generations of interest as experts attempted to connect biology, human capacity, and policy. In the past and the present, eugenics speaks to questions of race, class, gender and sex, evolution, governance, nationalism, disability, and the social implications of science. In the current climate, in which the human genome project, stem cell research, and new reproductive technologies have proven so controversial, the history of eugenics has much to teach us about the relationship between scientific research, technology, and human ethical decision-making.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199888290
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 8/26/2010
  • Series: Oxford Handbooks
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 1,206,099
  • File size: 3 MB

Meet the Author

Alison Bashford is Professor of Modern History at the University of Sydney. She has published widely on the modern history of science and medicine, including Purity and Pollution and Imperial Hygiene, and has co-edited Contagion, Isolation, and Medicine at the Border.

Philippa Levine is the Mary Helen Thompson Centennial Professor in the Humanities at the University of Texas at Austin. Her books include Prostitution, Race and Politics: Policing Venereal Disease in the British Empire, and The British Empire, Sunrise to Sunset.

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Table of Contents

Contributors,

Abbreviations,

Introduction: Eugenics and the Modern World, 3

Part I: Transnational Themes In The History Of Eugenics Alison Bashford Bashford, Alison

1 The Darwinian Context: Evolution and Inheritance, Alison Bashford Bashford, Alison 27

2 Anthropology, Colonialism, and Eugenics, James Moore Moore, James 43

3 Race, Science, and Eugenics in the Twentieth Century, Philippa Levine Levine, Philippa 62

4 Eugenics and the Science of Genetics, Marius Turda Turda, Marius 80

5 Fertility Control: Eugenics, Neo-Malthusianism, and Feminism, Nils Roll-Hansen Roll-Hansen, Nils 98

6 Disability, Psychiatry, and Eugenics, Alison Bashford Bashford, Alison 116

7 Eugenics and the State: Policy-Making in Comparative Perspective, Mathew Thomson Thomson, Mathew 134

8 Internationalism, Cosmopolitanism, and Eugenics, Veronique Mottier Mottier, Veronique 154

9 Gender and Sexuality: A Global Tour and Compass, Alison Bashford Bashford, Alison 173

10 Eugenics and Genocide, Alexandra Minna Stern Stern, Alexandra Minna 192

Part II: National/colonial Formations Dan Stone Stone, Dan

11 Eugenics in Britain: The View from the Metropole, Dan Stone Stone, Dan 213

12 South Asia's Eugenic Past, Lesley A. Hall Hall, Lesley A. 228

13 Eugenics in Australia and New Zealand: Laboratories of Racial Science, Sarah Hodges Hodges, Sarah 243

14 Eugenics in China and Hong Kong: Nationalism and Colonialism, 1890's-1940's, Stephen Garton Garton, Stephen 258

15 South Africa: Paradoxes in the Place of Race, Yuehtsen Juliette Chung Chung, Yuehtsen Juliette 274

16 Eugenics in Colonial Kenya, Saul Dubow Dubow, Saul 289

17 Eugenics in Postcolonial Southeast Asia, Chloe Campbell Campbell, Chloe 301

18 German Eugenics and the Wider World: Beyond the Racial State, Sunil S. Amrith Amrith, Sunil S. 315

19 Eugenics in France and the Colonies, Paul Weindling Weindling, Paul 332

20 Eugenics in the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies, Michael A. Osborne Osborne, Michael A. 347

21 The Scandinavian States: Reformed Eugenics Applied, Hans Pols Pols, Hans 363

22 The First-Wave Eugenic Revolution in Southern Europe: Science sans frontib4sres, Mattias Tydb1sn Tydb1sn, Mattias 377

23 Eugenics in Eastern Europe, 187os-1945, Maria Sophia Quine Quine, Maria Sophia 398

24 Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union, Maria Bucur Bucur, Maria 413

25 Eugenics in Japan: Sanguinous Repair, Nikolai Krementsov Krementsov, Nikolai 430

26 Eugenics in Interwar Iran, Jennifer Robertson Robertson, Jennifer 449

27 Eugenics and the Jews, Cyrus Schayegh Schayegh, Cyrus 462

28 Eugenics Policy and Practice in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Mexico, Raphael Falk Falk, Raphael 477

29 The Path of Eugenics in Brazil: Dilemmas of Miscegenation, Patience A. Schell Schell, Patience A. 493

30 Eugenics in the United States, Marcos Chor Maio Maio, Marcos Chor 511

31 Eugenics in Canada: A Checkered History, 1850's-1990's, Wendy Kline Kline, Wendy 523

Epilogue: Where Did Eugenics Go?, Jennifer A. Stephen Stephen, Jennifer A. 539

Chronology, Alison Bashford Bashford, Alison 559

Index, Alison Bashford Bashford, Alison 569

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