The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics

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Overview


The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics is the first comprehensive and systematic reference on clinical research ethics. Under the editorship of experts from the U.S. National Institutes of Health of the United States, the book's 73 chapters offer a wide-ranging and systematic examination of all aspects of research with human beings.

Considering the historical triumphs of research as well as its tragedies, the textbook provides a framework for analyzing the ethical aspects of research studies with human beings. Through both conceptual analysis and systematic reviews of empirical data, the contributors examine issues ranging from scientific validity, fair subject selection, risk benefit ratio, independent review, and informed consent to focused consideration of international research ethics, conflicts of interests, and other aspects of responsible conduct of research.

The editors of The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics offer a work that critically assesses and advances scholarship in the field of human subjects research. Comprehensive in scope and depth, this book will be a crucial resource for researchers in the medical sciences, as well as teachers and students.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Daniel Bustillos, JD, PhD (Saint Louis University)
Description: A comprehensive book outlining the major areas of controversy in the ethics of clinical research, this is a compendium of research ethics analysis and cases for the classroom, clinic, and ethics committee room.
Purpose: It is intended as a textbook for students of clinical research ethics as well as a reference for researchers and institutional review board (IRB) members. By systematically dissecting hard cases and focusing on empirical evidence, it offers an analytic framework for resolving ethical issues in clinical research ethics.
Audience: This book is of special interest to students of clinical research ethics, teachers, researchers, and IRB members. Those with an interest in international research ethics will be pleased with the attention given that subject. The broad and deep scope of the book makes it a useful reference.
Features: Throughout 73 chapters that deal with nearly every conceivable issue in clinical research ethics, the authors take pains to adhere to a systematic and analytical framework with which to educate readers and equip them to resolve the practical issues likely to arise in clinical research.
Assessment: This is an excellent and comprehensive compendium of scholarship, novel research, practical advice, and dependable reference. The chapters dedicated to international research ethics and disparities in research are prescient of the foci that the field will have to embrace in the near future. The book's inclusive and broad focus makes it a worthwhile investment as the it will remain useful for some time to come.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199768639
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 2/1/2011
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 848
  • Sales rank: 1,142,014
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Emanuel: Chair, Department of Bioethics, NIH. Grady: Department of Bioethics, NIH. Crouch: Poynter Center for the Study of Ethics, Indiana University. Lie: Department of Bioethics, NIH. Miller: Department of Bioethics, NIH. Wendler: Department of Bioethics, NIH

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Table of Contents

Part. 1: The History of Research with Humans; 1. Walter Reed and the Yellow Fever Experiments 2. The Nazi Medical Experiments 3. The Imperial Japanese Experiments in China 4. The Randomized Controlled Trial of Streptomycin 5. The Salk Polio Vaccine Field Trial of 1954 6. The Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital Case 7. The Hepatitis Experiments at the Willowbrook State School 8. The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment 9. HIV Research 10. The Gelsinger Case 11. An Ethical Framework for Biomedical Research
Part 2: Codes, Declarations, and Other Ethical Guidance for Research with Humans; 12. The Nuremberg Code 13. The Declaration of Helsinki 14. The Belmont Report 15. Regulations for the Protection 16. International Ethical Guidance from the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences 17. The Council of Europe 18. The European Community Directives on Data Protection and Clinical Trials 19. National Bioethics Commissions and Research
Part 3: Context, Purpose, and Value of Clinical Research
20. Exploitation in Clinical Research 21. The Nature, Scope, and Justification of Clinical research: What is Research? Who is a Subject? 22. Four Paradigms of Clinical Research and Research Oversight 23. The Role of Patient Advocates and Public Representatives in Research
Part 4:
Scientific Design
24. Equipoise and Randomization 25. The Ethics of Placebo- Controlled Trials 26. Challenge Experiments 27. Emergency Research 28. Consent for Research with Biological Samples 29. Genetic Diagnostic, Pedigree, and Screening Research 30. Deception in Clinical Research 31. Ethics of Epidemiology: Observational Studies on Human Populations 32. Ethical Issues in Behavioral and Social Science Research 33. Phase 1 Oncology Research 34. Surgical Innovation and Research
Part 5: Participant Selection
35. What is Fair in Participant Selection? 36. Incentives for Research Participants 37. Ethical Issues in Recruiting Research Participants 38. Ethical Issues in Research Involving Women 39. Ethical Issues in Research with Ethnic and Minority Populations 40. Research Involving Economically Disadvantaged Participants 41. Research Involving Those at Risk for Impaired Decision-making Capacity 42. Research with Children 43. Captive Populations: Prisoners, Students, and Soldiers 44. Research with Identifiable and Targeted Communities 45. Research with Health Volunteers 46. Research with Fetuses, Embryos, and Stem Cells
Part 6: Risk-Benefit Assessments
47. Risk-Benefit Analysis and the Net Risks Test 48. Assessing the Comparing Potential Benefits and Risks of Harm 49. Risk-Benefit Assessment in Pediatric Research
Part 7: Independent Review and Oversight
50. Institutional Review Boards: Their Origins and the Policies that Govern Them 51. Models of Institutional Review Board Function 52. Assessing and Comparing Potential Benefits and Risks of Harm 53. Data and Safety Monitoring Boards 54. The Food and drug Administration and Drug Development: Historic, Scientific, and Ethical Considerations
Part 8: Informed Consent
55. A History of Informed Consent in Clinical Research 56. Philosophical Justifications of Informed Consent in Research 57. Legal and Regulatory Standards of Informed Consent in Research 58. The Therapeutic Misconception 59. Empirical Issues in Informed Consent for Research 60. The Assent Requirement in Pediatric Research
Part 9: Respect for Human Research Participants
61. Confidentiality 62. Legal Responsibility to Research Subjects: Liability and Compensation for Injury 63. The Obligation to Ensure Standards
Part 10 Multi-National Research
64. Appropriate Standards 65. Benefits to Host Countries 66. The Standard of Care in Multi-National Research 67. Responsiveness to Host Community Health Needs
Part 11: Clinical Investigator Behavior
68. Conflicts of Interest in Medical Research: historical Developments 69. Conflicts of Interest 70. Empirical Data on Obligations of Publication: Authorship and Dissemination
Index

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