The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Volume 34: 1 May to 31 July 1801

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In Volume 34, covering May through July 1801, the story of Thomas Jefferson's first presidential administration continues to unfold. He quickly begins to implement his objectives of economy and efficiency in government. Requesting the chief clerk of the War Department to prepare a list of commissioned army officers, Jefferson has his secretary Meriwether Lewis label the names on the list with such descriptors as "Republican" or "Opposed to the administration, otherwise respectable officers." The president calls his moves toward a reduction in the army a "chaste reformation." Samuel Smith, interim head of the Navy Department, in accordance with the Peace Establishment Act, arranges for the sale of surplus warships. Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin gathers figures on revenues and expenses and suggests improvements in methods of collecting taxes. Jefferson delivers an eloquent statement on his policy of removals from office to the merchants of New Haven, who objected to his dismissal of the collector of the port of New Haven. He makes clear that while his inaugural address declared tolerance and respect for the minority, it did not mean that no offices would change hands. On the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Fourth of July, Jefferson entertains around one hundred citizens, including a delegation of five Cherokee chiefs. And on 30 July, Jefferson leaves the Federal City for two months at Monticello.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780691135571
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 1/3/2008
  • Series: Papers of Thomas Jefferson Series
  • Pages: 816
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 2.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Barbara B. Oberg, senior research scholar and lecturer with the rank of professor at Princeton University, is general editor of "The Papers of Thomas Jefferson".
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The Papers of Thomas Jefferson: Volume 34 1 May to 31 July 1801
Princeton University Press
Copyright © 2008
Princeton University Press
All right reserved.

ISBN: 978-0-691-13557-1


From Abraham Baldwin

Dear Sir Green County May 1st 1801

For these ten days I have been on a journey on our frontier, and am just informed that Mr Clay refuses to accept the appointment of Circuit Judge. I avail myself of a transient opportunity and a coarse piece of paper to execute my promise of giving you all the information in my power in such contingences. I know you are fully [under] the impression of the ill consequences of multiplying the incumbents who will be brought forward as the principal arguments against the repeal of the new judiciary law, but should you find it expedient to All the offices I wish you to be furnished with all the means of judging which it is in my power to give. We have, within these few years, lost the best of our lawyers by death or removal to other states. Those who are left have been generally violent partizans on the wrong side. There is still a preference among them, but not very clearly distinguished. It is desirable that the circuit judge should be from the interior part of the state,as all the former appointments from that profession have been confined to Savannah and its neigbourhood. George Walton who resides at Augusta, and is now one of the Judges of our Superior court is the man whom the lawyers in this part of the state seem generally to recommend. After hearing so fully as we have the character of Govr St. Clair, you may know almost perfectly the character and present situation of Judge Walton. As one of the signers of the declaration of Independence and a uniform whig in the time of our revolution, he is on higher ground than any other man in this state, by his letter which I put into your hands and by his conduct, as far as I am able to judge, he is not an unrelenting federalist: he might answer for circuit judge till the next meeting of Congress. Matthew McAllister was appointed our first district attorney he lives in Savannah and is at present one of the Judges of our Superior court. William Stephens is a native of Savannah has been mayor of the City and Judge of the Superior court; like our friend Coxe he has been a uniform whig in modern times. If it is expedient to appoint a circuit judge in this state, at present as far as my recollection enables me by myself to form an opinion the three whom I have mentioned should present themselves first to your consideration: it is not material to which you give the preference. You may perhaps have information from some other quarter which will enable you to see a preference more clearly than I do. I hope you will not give yourself the trouble of answering this. I shall be in Augusta in the course of a week or ten days and if anything occurs which it may be useful for you to know, be assured it shall not be neglected. There appears to be still order and good government in the state and on the frontier. I see nothing likely to disturb our tranquility. With great respect I am

Dear Sir

Yrs, Abr Baldwin

To Samuel Carr

Dear Sir Washington May 1. 1801.

I arrived here the day before yesterday, having left your mother well at Monticello, and your other friends in the neighborhood likewise so. Peter carried his election by a majority of 110. or 120. I have engaged a waggon to come on with my things, and propose she should return loaded with Ash. The quantity necessary for me would be 12,000. But as she cannot carry [the] whole, I can have a couple of barrels taken in for you. Have you or [will] you engage them, to be gutted & headed, & delivered in strong tight barrels? where must the waggon go for them? how soon will they be ready? what [is the] price? the bearer comes for answers to these questions, that I may [be in] readiness on the arrival of the waggon. My sister was of opinion she would be obliged to engage a waggon to come on, as the one I employ will be so full that your beds & c. Can not be squeezed in the same waggoner would probably come again for you. He is trusty, & comes reasonably. His name is Fontrees.-mr & mrs Madison will be here today. I [...] yourself & mrs Carr joy on the birth of a son & heir How does she do? affectionate salutations to you both & to the family. Th: Jefferson

P.S. possibly mr S. Carr may be gone to Albemarle. If so, I ask the favor of mr Overton Carr to give me any information he can on the subject of the fish.

From James Linn

Sir City of Washington 1st May 1801

In March last I took the liberty to mention to you some names for appointments in Jersey-Upon returning home I was happy to find that it would be very pleasing to the republicans to have George Maxwell appointed district Attorney, and that even the federalists expected he would be honored with that appointment-As to the office of Marshal, I had some doubts whether Doctor Barnett the gentleman whose name I mentioned for that appointment would accept of it-but I find that if he is honored with that appointment he will not hesitate in accepting of it-

From a conversation which I had a few days ago with Mr. Southard of New Jersey who is elected a representative to the next congress, I find that a Mr. Rozell has obtained a recommendation from some respectable characters for the appointment of Supervisor-But Mr Southard informed me that at the time he signed the recommendation of Mr. Rozell he did not know that my name had been mentioned for that office, and that he did not think any of the gentlemen who favored Mr. Rozell's application knew [of] that circumstance, and had he known it he would not have been concerned in the application of Mr. Rozell-

I took the liberty to address to you from New Jersey in March last a letter on the subject of this appointment, which I expect has been received-

I would beg leave to observe that there will be a severe contest in Jersey between the republicans and federalists for the state government-the event is very doubtful-We think that the offices in that state under the general government being put into the hands of the republicans would be powerful auxiliaries in this important contest, And therefore we look forward with anxiety for the period to arrive when the influence which these appointments naturally give shall be directed towards the overthrow of an aristocracy which disregards the happiness of our citizens, and solely aims at the agrandisement of a few ambitious men-

I am Sir your most Huml. Sevt. James Linn

Notes on John Hunter's Recommendations

[ca. 1 May 1801]

S. Carolina-

J. Hunter considers John Ewing Calhoun first in information & integrity. And local knolege of S.C. Drayton Govr. John Julius Pringle Atty Gen., Wm. Johnston a judge, Paul Hamilton comptrollr. of treasy. in the lower country

in the middle country. Ephraim Rumsy Silvanus Bluf near Augusta Wade Hampton. Columbia

in the upper country Genl. Pickens.Genl. Anderson the above are proper persons to consult on the subject of appmts

From Newbury Township Inhabitants

[before 2 May 1801]

Address of a meeting of near two hundred of the inhabitants of Newbury Township in York County Pennsylvania-To Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States,

Called upon by the United States to perform the most important of her tasks, we Batter ourselves that Assurances of the sincere attachment and steady support of any description of her citizens will not be unacceptable.

Influenced by this impression and highly gratified with the sentiments you have anounced as the governing principles of your administration we feel it our pleasure And conceive it our duty to tender you our most zealous and affectionate support. May that Spirit of benevolent toleration which so conspicuously distinguish you amidst the conflicting elements of party spread like oil on the troubled Ocean untill all is soothed into Order & peace.

Signed in and by order of the Meeting By Henry Krieger James Todd Jesse Glancy Eli Lewis R. Hamersly Jr.

To the Aliens of Beaver County, Pennsylvania

Sir Washington May 2. 1801.

The satisfaction which, in the name of the foreigners residing in Beaver county, you are pleased to express in my appointment to the Presidency of the United States, the expectations you form of the character of my administration, and your kind wishes for my happiness demand my sincere thanks. Born in other countries, yet believing you could be happier in this, our laws acknolege, as they should do, your right to join us in society, conforming, as I doubt not you will do, to our established rules that these rules shall be as equal as prudential considerations will admit, will certainly be the aim of our legislatures, general & particular to unequal privileges among members of the same society the spirit of our nation is, with one accord adverse if the unexampled state of the world has in any instance occasioned among us temporary departures from the system of equal rule, the restoration of tranquility will doubtless produce reconsideration: & your own knolege of the liberal conduct heretofore observed towards strangers settling among us will warrant the belief that what is right will be done accept a reciprocation of wishes for your present & future welfare, & assurances of my high consideration & respect. Th: Jefferson

From [Thomas Dill]

Dear Sir, May the 2d Anno Domini 1801

Your office & Calling is weighty & Important Indeed, O how much need you have of Divine pure wisdom & knowledge & understanding from god to Instruct & Counsel & direct you how to do Justly & love mercy & walk humbly with & before god & how to Execute Righteous & Just Judgment & in all your thoughts & words & Actions & motions & ways walk and Conduct, to Study & promote & Confirm promulgate And Establish the good of the common wealth in general throughout the whole American States & who is Sufficient for such a task & burden & Charge; as this to Rule & govern under god Justly & Righteously in the fear of the Great & Gracious Almighty Sovereign of the whole Universe In Such a way & manner as to be a terror to Evil Doers; & a praise to them that do well & ever to follow after Righteousness & fulfill the honourable place & Station & Relation of a Nursing father in pressing it strongly upon the Citizens in those Neighbouring American States; to do to Others as they would have others do to them; & for every man to Speak the truth at all times & in all places one to Another; & to live in love & unity & good will and Concord & harmony; furthering the wealth and outward Estate & welfare of one another, forgiving & lending freely one to another without grudging & let every man look upon the things of others as well as their own things; & always to provoke one Another to love god who is love & to love one another as themselves, & God the lord above all things else And as all the American States & the citizens; therein as under your Inspection O Strive with all your might & power to Get the people to love god for God is love & to love one another; & loose the bands of wickedness & undo the heavy burdens; and let the oppressed go free & that ye break every yoke & Deal your bread to the hungry & bring the poor that are cast out to thy house & when thou seest the Naked that thou Cover him & that thou hide not thyself from thy own Besh Never forget nor Neglect, poor widows & orphans & poor pilgrims & strangers & sojourners in the land-This commanded Duty we have from gods own mouth in the 58th Chaptr of Isaiah the 6th 7th & 8th verses; & the Rich men of this world God does not allow to wrong & Rob & oppress the poor the hireling & to pray for grace free saving regenerating grace heart purifying & soul sanctifying grace & salvation for one another from god in & through christ Jesus the lord these things is surely our duty in order to Qualify & make us worthy good citizens & Rulers so that we may enjoy the Smiles of heaven & that we may be Careful & watchful Against offending or breaking the peace with other Neighbouring Nations there is an Absolute Necessity for the punishment of profane cursing & swearing Drunkenness & Sabbath breaking And Stealing, & Cheating defrauding And exortion Avarice or covetousness luxury lasciviousness Intemperance Gluttony Extortion & Injustice & pride & vain glory; It is a great Evil to pamper the body too much in excessive eating & drinking & the Setting up of Idol Gods in the heart, when god has said thou Shalt have no other gods before me, that Righteousness & Justice & peace & love & equity may encrease & grow Spread & Abound throughout our American States; we must fear the god of heaven & keep his commands every Day as a Rule of life carefully and his everlasting gospel as a Rule of faith & practice; & in so doing we shall be a happy people both Rulers & ruled governors & governed & presidents & citizens & people Noble & Ignoble Laiyety commonality & Congress Assemblys & must observe these things herein mentioned; from A POOR AFFLICTED SICKLY BRUISED REED


Excerpted from The Papers of Thomas Jefferson: Volume 34
Copyright © 2008 by Princeton University Press. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
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Table of Contents

Foreword vii
Editorial Method and Apparatus xiii
Illustrations xli
Jefferson Chronology 2

1 8 0 1

From Abraham Baldwin, 1 May 3
To Samuel Carr, 1 May 4
From James Linn, 1 May 5 Notes on John Hunter's Recommendations, [ca. 1 May] 6
From Newbury Township Inhabitants, [before 2 May] 7
To the Aliens of Beaver County, Pennsylvania, 2 May 8
From [Thomas Dill], 2 May 9
From Charles Wyndham Grymes, 2 May 11
From Robert R. Livingston, 2 May 12
From Samuel A. Otis, 2 May 13
From Ephraim Ramsay, 2 May 14
From Amos Windship, 2 May 15
To Gideon Granger, enclosing To Suffeld Citizens, 3 May 17
To George Jefferson, 3 May 18
To James Magoffin, 3 May 19
From John Monroe, 3 May 19
From Abraham Faw, 4 May 20
From Elbridge Gerry, 4 May 21
From James Monroe, 4 May 24
From Pendleton District, S.C., 16th Regiment, 4 May 27
From Samuel Smith, 4 May 28
From Samuel Smith, 4 April [i.e. May] 31
From Benjamin Vaughan, 4 May 31
From Marinus Willett, 4 May 36
To John Barnes, 5 May 37
From William Scales, 5 May 38
From "A Lover of Republicanism," [before 6 May] 41
From John Barnes, 6 May 42
From William Imlay, 6 May 42
To George Jefferson, 6 May 44
From Fournier Lamorinnière, 6 May 44
From Robert Morris, 6 May 46 From Charles Pinckney, 6 May 46
From Daniel Trump, 6 May 47
From Joseph Barnes, 7 May 48
From the District of Columbia Commissioners, 7 May 51
To Enoch Edwards, 7 May 52
To Charles Wyndham Grymes, 7 May 53
From George Jefferson, 7 May 54
To Thomas Newton, 7 May 55
From Joseph Moss White, 7 May 55
From William Frederick Ast, 8 May 56
From Sylvanus Bourne, 8 May 57
From David Humphreys, 8 May 58
To John Carter Littlepage, 8 May 62
To Robert R. Livingston, 8 May 62
To Gouverneur Morris, 8 May 64
To Newbury Township Inhabitants, 8 May 65
To Theodore Foster, 9 May 66
To James Madison, 9 May 67
To Bishop James Madison, 9 May 68
To Thomas Newton, 9 March [i.e. May] 68
From Robert Patterson and Andrew Ellicott, 9 May 69
From the General Assembly of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, [9 May] 70
From William Duane, 10 May, enclosing From John Reich, 4 May 71
From Anthony Haswell, 10 May 75
From George Logan, 10 May 77
From John Southack, 10 May 78
To Enoch Edwards, 11 May 79
From George Helmbold, 12 [i.e. 11] May 79
From Henry Knox, 11 May 80
Henry Dearborn's Report on the War Department, [12 May] 81
From Edward Dowse, 12 May 88
From Bate Dyke, 12 May 89
From Enoch Edwards, 12 May 89
From Pierpont Edwards, 12 May 90
From William Findley, 12 May 95
From Charles Wyndham Grymes, 12 May 97
From Frédéric L. Hammer, 12 May 98
From John Hoomes, 12 May 99
To George Jefferson, 12 May 100
From George Jefferson, 12 May 101 Stable and Household Accounts, [on or after 12 May] 102
To James Stuart, 12 May 102
To William Thornton and Others, 12 May 103
From James Traquair, 12 May 104
From William Cooke, 13 May 104
From Gideon Granger, 13 May 105
From Thomas Newton, 13 May 106
From Tadeusz Kosciuszko, [after 13 May] 106
From John F. Gaullier, 14 May 108
From George Jefferson, 14 May 109
To Nathaniel Macon, 14 May 109
To Thomas Mann Randolph, 14 May 110
From David Austin, 15 May 111
From John Barnes, 15 May 113
From Robert Maxwell, [15 May] 113
Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 15 May 114
From David Austin, 16 May 116
From Charles Douglas, 16 May 117
From Andrew Ellicott, 16 May 118
From Arthur Fenner, 16 May 121
From Hugh Ferguson, 16 May 122
To William Jones, 16 May 123
From Blair McClenachan, 16 May 124
From Thomas Newton, 16 May 124
Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 16 May 125
From Richard Rogers, 16 May 126
To George Clinton, 17 May 127
From Thomas Cooper, 17 May 128
Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 17 May 129
From David Leonard Barnes, 18 May 131
From Joseph Barnes, 18 May 132
From Thomas Claxton, 18 May 134
From Albert Gallatin, 18 May 136
From Levi Hunt, Jr., 18 May 136
From Richard Richardson, 18 May 137
From Thomas Truxton, 18 May 138
From Madame de Corny, 19 May 141
From Theodore Foster, 19 May 144
From John Vaughan, 19 May 147
From Joseph G. Chambers, 20 May 147
From Lewis Goldsmith, 20 May 149
From William Jones, 20 May 150 From Peter S. Marks, 20 May 150
From Gouverneur Morris, 20 May 151
From Marc Auguste Pictet, 20 May 152
From Hepzibah Clarke Swan, 20 May 154
John Wagner's Notes on a Letter from Rühle von Lilienstern, [ca. 20 May] 156
From John Drayton, 21 May 157
From Albert Gallatin, [21 May] 158
To Yusuf Qaramanli, Pasha and Bey of Tripoli, 21 May 159
From Winthrop Sargent, 21 May 161
To James Monroe, 29 [i.e. 22] May 161
From James Monroe, 22 May 163
From Philip Van Cortlandt, 22 May 164
From Joseph Yznardi, Sr., [22 May] 165
To Elias Boudinot, 23 May 167
From Thomas Cooper and Others, 23 May 168
To William Duane, 23 May 169
From Albert Gallatin, 23 May 170
From William Lambert, 23 May 171
To John Langdon, 23 May 172
From James Monroe, 23 May 173
From Thomas Mann Randolph, 23 May 174
To George W. Erving, 24 May 176
From Nathaniel Macon, 24 May 176
To Francis Peyton, 24 May 177
From Aaron Burr, 25 May 178
From John Dickinson, 25 May 179
From Francis Peyton, 25 May 179
From Thomas Woodcock, 25 May 180
From David Austin, 26 May 180
From William Barton, 26 May 182
From Andrew Ellicott, 26 May 183
From George Jefferson, 26 May 185
To James Monroe, 26 May 185
From Charles Pinckney, 26 May 186
To the General Assembly of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 26 May 188
From Robert Coane, 27 May 189
From Albert Gallatin, [27 May] 190
From Henry Ingle, 27 May 191
From William Kilty, 27 May 191
To James and Dolley Madison and Anna Payne, 27 May 193
From Thomas Claxton, 28 May 193
From Christopher Ellery, 28 May 195
To Mary Jefferson Eppes, 28 May 196
To James Jackson, 28 May 197
From George Jefferson, 28 May 197
From Nicholas King, 28 May 198
From Thomas Lomax, 28 May 200
To Martha Jefferson Randolph, 28 May 200
To Thomas Truxtun, 28 May 201
From Enoch Edwards, 29 May 201
To Nicholas King, 29 May 202
From Louis Philippe Gallot de Lormerie, 29 May 203
To James Monroe, 29 May 205
To James Monroe, 29 May 206
From Joseph H. Nicholson, 29 May 206
From Mann Page, 29 May 207
To William Baker, 30 May 208
To the Executive Directory of the Batavian Republic, 30 May 208
Receipt from Edward Frethy, 30 May 210
From Thomas Procter, 30 May 210
From James Traquair, 30 May 211
From James Clark, 31 May 212
To Robert R. Livingston, 31 May 213
From Robert R. Livingston, 31 May 214
From Winthrop Sargent, [31 May] 216
From James Warren, 31 May 218
From Mercy Otis Warren, 31 May 220
Notes on a Conversation with Pierce Butler, [May or October] 221
From David Austin, 1 June 221
From Denniston & Cheetham, 1 June 223
From the District of Columbia Commissioners, 1 June 225
From the District of Columbia Commissioners, 1 June 225
From Albert Gallatin, 1 June 226
To Gibson & Jefferson, 1 June 227
From William Branch Giles, 1 June 227
From George Jefferson, 1 June 229
From James Monroe, 1 June 229
From Thomas Newton, 1 June 230
To Richard Richardson, enclosing CertiAcate for Richard Richardson, 1 June 230
From Walter Carr, 2 June 232
To Thomas Claxton, 2 June 233 To the District of Columbia Commissioners, 2 June 234
To Enoch Edwards, 2 June 235
To George Jefferson, 2 June 235
From Robert Leslie, 2 June 236
To John Watson, 2 June 240 Petition of Lewis Freeman, 3 June 240
To Albert Gallatin, 3 June 242
From Albert Gallatin, 3 June 243
From Harry Innes, 3 June 243
To St. George Tucker, 3 June 245
From Aaron Burr, 4 June 246
From J. C. Cornwell, 4 June 247
From Andrew Ellicott, 4 June 248
To Robert R. Livingston, enclosing Neutral Rights, 4 June 251
From Robert R. Livingston, [4 June] 254
Notes on a Conversation with Robert R. Livingston, [on or after 4 June] 255
Notes on a Conversation with Robert R. Livingston, [4 June] 256
To Thomas Mann Randolph, 4 June 256
From Samuel Smith, 4 June 257
From Archibald Stuart, 4 June 258
From James Taylor, Jr., 4 June 259
From Joshua Barney, 5 June 260
From George W. Erving, 5 June 261
To William Hylton, [5 June] 262
From Robert R. Livingston, 5 June 263
From Rufus Low, 5 June 263
To Denniston & Cheetham, 6 June 264
To Christopher Ellery, 6 June 265
To Arthur Fenner, 6 June 266
To Theodore Foster, 6 June 266
To Gouverneur Morris, 6 June 267
From Samuel Smith, 6 June 268
To Elijah Brown, 7 June 268
From Elijah Griffiths, 7 June 269
To John Roberts, 7 June 271
To Benjamin Vaughan, 7 June 271
From Robert Patterson, 8 June 272
From Benjamin Waterhouse, 8 June 273
From Joseph Yznardi, Sr., 8 June 278
From David Austin, 9 June 279
From Albert Gallatin, 9 June 279 Albert Gallatin's Report on Delinquent Collectors, 9 June 280
From Thomas Paine, 9 June 281
From William Short, 9 June 286
To James Dinsmore, 10 June 295
From William Duane, 10 June 296
From Pierpont Edwards, 10 June 301
From George Jefferson, 10 June 302
From John Langdon, 10 June 302
From John Mason, 10 June 303
From Samuel Smith, 10 June 304
From David Austin, 11 June 305
To John Bartram, Jr., 11 June 306
From Robert Lawson, [11 June] 307
To Wilson Cary Nicholas, 11 June 308
From Paul Richard Randall, 11 June 310
From Richard Robotham, 11 June 311
From Collen Williamson, 11 June 313
From David Leonard Barnes, 12 June 314
From David Campbell, 12 June 315
From Denniston & Cheetham, 12 June 316
From Albert Gallatin, 12 June 318
From Albert Gallatin, 12 June 318
From Albert Gallatin, 12 June 320
To Levi Lincoln, 12 June 320
To Mason Locke Weems, 12 June 321
From Everard Meade, 13 June 322
Notes on Resolution of American Debts to British Creditors, 13 June 323
I. Notes on King's and Anstey's Propositions, [ca. 13 June] 326
II. Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 13 June 326
From Thomas Mann Randolph, 13 June 327
From Joseph T. Scott, 13 June 328
From Samuel Smith, 13 June 329
From John Smyth, 13 June 331
Statement of Account with Thomas Claxton, 13 June 332
From Stephen Cathalan, Jr., 14 June 333
Opinion on George Walker's Case, 14 June 334
From Madame de Tessé, 14 June 336
From Albert Gallatin, 15 June 339
From Levi Lincoln, 15 June 340
From James Monroe, 15 June 345
From James Monroe, 15 June 347 From Jesse S. Zane, 15 June 348
From David Austin, 16 June 349
From David Austin, 16 June 350
From Elias Boudinot, 16 June 352
From Albert Gallatin, [16 June] 354
From Albert Gallatin, 16 June 356
From Philippe de Létombe, 16 June 357
From Edward Meeks, 16 June 359
From James Monroe, 16 June 360
From Julian Ursin Niemcewicz, 16 June 361
From William Rose, 16 June 362
From Charles Webb, 16 June 364
From David Austin, 17 June 368
To John Barnes, 17 June 369
From James Clark, with Gallatin's Comment, 17 June 369
To Tench Coxe, 17 June 372
From Henry Dearborn, 17 June 373
To John Drayton, 17 June 374
To John Wayles Eppes, 17 June 374
To George Jefferson, 17 June 375
From George Jefferson, 17 June 376
From David Austin, 18 June 376
From Elijah Boardman, 18 June 377
From Henry Dearborn, 18 June 377
From Mary Jefferson Eppes, 18 June 378
From Albert Gallatin, 18 June 379
Remonstrance of the New Haven Merchants, [18 June] 381
To Thomas Mann Randolph, 18 June 384
From John Daly Burk, [before 19 June] 385
From Martha Jefferson Randolph, 19 June 389
From Stephen Drayton, 20 June 391
From Albert Gallatin, [20 June] 392
From Caleb Gibbs, 20 June 393
From Harry Innes, 20 June 394
To James Madison, 20 June 395
From James Madison, [20 June] 396
To James Madison and Albert Gallatin, enclosing Note on Passports, 20 June 396
To James Monroe, 20 June 398
From James Monroe, 20 June 399
From Jean Baptiste Ternant, 20 June 400
To John Daly Burk, 21 June 400
To John Dickinson, 21 June 401
From Lafayette, 21 June 403
From James Lyon, 21 June 404
From David Austin, [22 June] 405
From William Davy, 22 June 406
To James Dinsmore, 22 June 407
From George Skene Keith, 22 June 407
To John Langdon, 22 June 408
From John Langdon, 22 June 409
To Robert Lawson, 22 June 410
From Samuel Miller, 22 June 410
From Arthur St. Clair, 22 June 412
From Sir John Sinclair, 22 June 414
From Samuel Smith, 22 June 415
From Henry Tuell, 22 June 416
To David Leonard Barnes, 23 June 416
From Michael Fortune, 23 June 417
From James Mease, 23 June 418
Notes on a Conversation with Andrew Ellicott, 23 June 419
From Luke O'Dea, 23 June 420
To George Wythe, [23 June] 421
From Pierre Auguste Adet, 24 June 421
From François Barbé de Marbois, 24 June 423
From William Barton, 24 June 424
From Tench Coxe, 24 June 425
To Mary Jefferson Eppes, 24 June 428
To James Madison, 24 June 429
From Wilson Cary Nicholas, 24 June 430
From Kezia Norris, 24 June 432
To Samuel Smith, 24 June 433
From Benjamin Vaughan, 24 June 434
From Dr. John Vaughan, 24 June 437
From Volney, 24 June 437
From Tench Coxe, 25 June 442
From Thomas Paine, 25 June 450
To Martha Jefferson Randolph, 25 June 451
From Stephen Sayre, 25 June 452
From Volney, [25 June] 454
From George Walton, 25 June 455
From "A Kentucky-Citizen," [before 26] June 455
To Henry Dearborn, 26 June 458
From the Delaware Baptist Association, 26 June 458
From Albert Gallatin, 26 June 460
From Wade Hampton, 26 June 460
From Samuel Smith, 26 June 461
To Benjamin Waterhouse, 26 June 462
From David Austin, 27 June 463
To Henry Dearborn, 27 June 463
From John Dickinson, 27 June 464
From Charles Douglas, 27 June 467
From Baron von Geismar, 27 June 468
From John Christ, 28 June 470
To Charles Douglas, 28 June 471
From Mathew Carey, [on or before 29 June] 471
From William Adamson, 29 June 472
From David Austin, 29 June 475
From Albert Gallatin, [29 June] 476
From John F. Gaullier, 29 June 477
From Francis Hoskins, 29 June 479
To James Mease, 29 June 480
To Julian Ursin Niemcewicz, 29 June 481
From Charles Willson Peale, 29 June 481
From David Austin, 30 June 482
From Timothy Bloodworth, 30 June 483
From William Kilty, James Marshall, and William Cranch, 30 June 485
From Thomas Peerce, 30 June 486
From James Tilton, 30 June 487 Statement of Account with Thomas Carpenter, 1 July 488
To Elizabeth House Trist, 1 July 489
To the Delaware Baptist Association, 2 July 490
From David Jones, 2 July 491
To Elijah Boardman, 3 July 493
From John Coalter, 3 July 494
From Jacques Joseph Ducarne de Blangy, 3 July 495
From Enoch Edwards, 3 July 496
Levi Lincoln's Opinion on the Betsy Cathcart, [3 July] 497
From William Maclure, 3 July 503
Reply to a Cherokee Delegation, 3 July 505
I. Heads of Answer to Speech of The Glass [30 June-3 July] 508
II. Reply to the Cherokee Delegation by Henry Dearborn, [3 July] 510
From William Keteltas, 4 July 511
From Levi Lincoln, 5 July 515 From Albert Gallatin, [6 July] 517
From Gideon Granger, 6 July 518
To George Jefferson, 6 July 521
From Hugh Williamson, 6 July 522
From Peter Frailey and Others, 7 July 523
From Albert Gallatin, [7 July] 525
From Thomas Newton, 7 July 527
From Benjamin Kneeland, 8 July 527
From Charles Pinckney, 8 July 528
To Samuel Harrison Smith, 8 July 529
To Enoch Edwards, 9 July 530
Report by Albert Gallatin, with Jefferson's Opinion, 9 July 531
To Robert Smith, 9 July 534
To Samuel Smith, 9 July 535
From Samuel Smith, 9 July 536
From Samuel Darley, 10 July 537
From Thomas Newton, 10 July 537
From Daniel Parker, 10 July 538
From Craven Peyton, 10 July 540
From Elijah Brainerd, 11 July 540
From Albert Gallatin, 11 July 543
From Albert Gallatin, 11 July 543
From William Kilty, 11 July 544
From Philippe de Létombe, 11 July 544
To Levi Lincoln, 11 July 546
To Samuel Smith, 11 July 549
From John Steele, 11 July 550
From John Elmslie, Jr., 12 July 551
To the New Haven Merchants, 12 July 554
To Abraham Baldwin, 13 July 558
To William C. C. Claiborne, 13 July 560
From Robert Smith, 13 July 562
From Dr. John Vaughan, 13 July 563
To David Austin, 14 July 565
From Caleb Prew Bennett, [14] July 566
To Craven Peyton, 14 July 567
To Philippe de Létombe, 15 July 568
Memorandum on Restitution of Prizes, 15 July 568
From Georges Thomas, 15 July 571
To Mary Jefferson Eppes, 16 July 571
Albert Gallatin's Report on Collector for Michilimackinac, 16 July 572
From James Hopkins, 16 July 573 From Joel Lewis, 16 July 578
From John McDonald, 16 July 578
To Martha Jefferson Randolph, 16 July 580
From "T. J. M," 16 July 581
To William Wardlaw, 16 July 581
To Albert Gallatin, 17 July 582
From Gean Leach, 17 July 583
From James Madison, [on or before 17 July] 583
From Robert Maxwell, 17 July 585
Memorandum on Restitution of Prizes, [on or after 17 July] 586
To Dr. John Vaughan, 17 July 587
From Joseph Yznardi, Sr., 17 July 588
From John Dickinson, 18 July 590
From James Jackson, 18 July 591
From Thomas Mann Randolph, 18 July 595
From Samuel Smith, 18 July 596
To James Madison, 19 July 597
To John Barnes, [20 July] 598
From Daniel Clark, 20 July 598
From Maria Cosway, 20 July 599
From Anthony Haswell, 20 July 601
From James Lyon, 20 July 602
From Richard Richardson, 20 July 603
From Robert Smith, 20 July 604
From Samuel Smith, 20 July 605
To Pierpont Edwards, 21 July 606
From Theodore Foster, 21 July 607
To Gideon Granger, 21 July 610
To Edmund Jenings, 21 July 611
From Thomas McKean, 21 July 612
To James Monroe, 21 July 614
From Henry Daniel, 22 July 614
To Joseph Yznardi, Sr., [22 July] 615
To John Dickinson, 23 July 616
From Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, 23 July 617
From James Lyon, 23 July 620
From Samuel Latham Mitchill, 23 July 624
From Samuel Smith, 23 July 625
To Thomas McKean, 24 July 625
From Charles Willson Peale, 24 July 627
From Joel R. Poinsett, 24 July 628
From Benjamin Waterhouse, 24 July 629 Meriwether Lewis's ClassiAcation of Army Officers, [after 24 July] 629
From "A. Z.," 25 July 630
From Sebastian Bauman, 25 July 631
From William Bingham, 25 July 632
From Theodore Foster, 25 July 632
From Albert Gallatin, enclosing Circular to Customs Collectors, 25 July 635
From Albert Gallatin, 25 July 637
From Tobias Lear, 25 July 637
From Martha Jefferson Randolph, 25 July 639
From Isaac Shelby, 25 July 639
To Samuel Smith, [25 July] 640
To Benjamin Waterhouse, 25 July 640
From Joseph Yznardi, Sr., 25 July 641
From "A Boston Merchant," 26 July 644
To Albert Gallatin, 26 July 644
From Calvin Jones, 26 July 645
To Pierce Butler, 27 July 646
From Samuel Davidson, 27 July 647
To Philippe de Létombe, 27 July 648
To Thomas Mann Randolph, 27 July 649
To Henry SheaC, 27 July 650
To Henry Dearborn, 28 July 650
To Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, 28 July 651
Albert Gallatin's Report on Collection of Internal Revenues, 28 July 651
From Jacob Lewis, 28 July 656
From Levi Lincoln, 28 July 657
From Levi Stutson, 28 July 669
To William Bingham, 29 July 670
To Hugh Henry Brackenridge, 29 July 671
From Anthony Butler, 29 July 671
From William Caruthers, 29 July 672
From George Clinton, 29 July 674
From John Drayton, 29 July 674
Executive Order on Revenue Districts, 29 July 676
From Albert Gallatin, 29 July 678
From Albert Gallatin, 29 July 681
From Albert Gallatin, 29 July 683
To Benjamin Hichborn, 29 July 683
To George Jefferson, 29 July 684
To Philippe de Létombe, 29 July 685 To Charles Willson Peale, 29 July 686
From Samuel H. Smith, 29 July 686
From Matthew Groves, 30 July 687
From George Helmbold, 30 July 689
From Philip Mazzei, [30 July] 691
From Francis Peyton, 30 July 692
From Hugh Williamson, 30 July 693
From Robert Leslie, 31 July 694
From George Wythe, 31 July 695
Summary of British Debt Claims, [July 1801 or after] 696
Appendix I: Letters Not Printed in Full 697
Appendix II: Letters Not Found 701
Appendix III: Financial Documents 705
Index 709

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