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The People's Republic of China at 60: An International Assessment

Overview

In 2009, to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the People’s Republic of China, The Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies convened a major conference to discuss the health and longevity of China’s ruling system and to consider a fundamental question: After three decades of internal strife and turmoil, followed by an era of reform, entrepreneurialism, and internationalization, is the PRC here for the dynastic long haul?

Bringing together scholars and students of China from around the ...

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Overview

In 2009, to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the People’s Republic of China, The Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies convened a major conference to discuss the health and longevity of China’s ruling system and to consider a fundamental question: After three decades of internal strife and turmoil, followed by an era of reform, entrepreneurialism, and internationalization, is the PRC here for the dynastic long haul?

Bringing together scholars and students of China from around the world, the gathering witnessed an energetic exchange of views on four interrelated themes: polities, social transformations, wealth and well-being, and culture, belief, and practice. Edited and expanded from the original conference papers, the wide-ranging essays in this bilingual volume remain true to the conference’s aim: to promote open discussion of the past, present, and future of the People’s Republic of China.

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Editorial Reviews

Choice

These impressive conference papers by China specialists from across the world offer instructive views on the 60-year history of the People's Republic of China (PRC). From varied angles and in different tongues, the contributors discuss in fine interdisciplinary fashion important political, social, and cultural aspects of the PRC from 1949 to 2009...For a balanced, realistic understanding of China's past, present, and future, this assemblage of academic musings calls for a new paradigm to substitute for the conventionally Western-centered way of looking at China.
— G. Zheng

Choice - G. Zheng
These impressive conference papers by China specialists from across the world offer instructive views on the 60-year history of the People's Republic of China (PRC). From varied angles and in different tongues, the contributors discuss in fine interdisciplinary fashion important political, social, and cultural aspects of the PRC from 1949 to 2009...For a balanced, realistic understanding of China's past, present, and future, this assemblage of academic musings calls for a new paradigm to substitute for the conventionally Western-centered way of looking at China.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780674060647
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • Publication date: 5/23/2011
  • Language: Chinese
  • Pages: 432
  • Sales rank: 978,066
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

William C. Kirby is the Spangler Family Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School, T. M. Chang Professor of China Studies, and Director of the Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies at Harvard University.

Merle Goldman is Professor of History, Emerita, at Boston University and Associate of the John K. Fairbank Center for East Asian Research, Harvard University.

Elisabeth Köll is Associate Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School.

Klaus Mühlhahn is Professor of History, Indiana University.

Dwight H. Perkins is Harold Hitchings Burbank Professor of Political Economy, Emeritus, at Harvard University.

Elizabeth J. Perry is Henry Rosovsky Professor of Government at Harvard University and Director of the Harvard-Yenching Institute.

Robert S. Ross is Professor of Political Science at Boston College and a Research Associate at the John King Fairbank Center for East Asian Research, Harvard University.

Xiaofei Tian is Professor of Chinese Literature in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University.

Andrew G. Walder is Denise O'Leary and Kent Thiry Professor of Sociology, and Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University.

Martin King Whyte is Professor of Sociology at Harvard University.

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Table of Contents

Contributors xi

Abbreviations xii

Introduction: Myths and Lessons of Contemporary Chinese History William C. Kirby 1

Keynote Address: The People's Republic of China at Sixty Roderick Macfarquhar 9

Polities 17

1 The Foundations of Communist Rule in China: The Coercive Dimension David Shambaugh 19

2 Mao Zedong and the Origins of the Anti-Rightist Rectification Campaign Shen Zhihua 25

3 Ideal, Effort, and Alienation of Socialism in China: An Exploration from a Materialistic View of History Yang Kuisong 41

4 China's Three Rises, Regional Power Transitions, and East Asian Security: 1949 to the Twenty-First Century Robert S. Ross 91

5 The People's Republic of China at Sixty: Is It Rising? Alastair Iain Johnston Sheena Chestnut 108

6 Why China Gets a "Rise" Out of Us: Ruminations on PRC Foreign Relations Alan. M. Wachman 118

Social Transformations 131

7 "Sixty Is the New Forty" (Or Is It?): Reflections on the Health of the Chinese Body Politic Elizabeth J. Perry 133

8 Popular Protest and Party Rule: China's Evolving Polity Andrew G. Walder 145

9 Agriculture, Imports, and Diplomacy: Three Case Studies on the Interaction between Chinese Party Rule and Popular Will Niu Dayong 153

10 Urban Residential District Making in China Peter G. Rowe 163

11 "Turning Rubbish into Something Useful": Crime and Punishment in Mao's China Klaus Mühlhahn 173

Wealth and Well-Being 193

12 A Fine Balance: Chinese Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship in Historical Perspective Elisabeth Köll 195

13 Turning Around State-Owned Enterprises under China's Political Business Model Jean Oi 212

14 Health, Subjectivity, and Moral Change in China Arthur Kleinman 220

15 Health Care Reforms in China: Slogan or Solution? Barry R. Bloom Yuanli Liu 234

16 Rushing toward Socialism: The Transformation and Death of Private Business Enterprises in Shanghai, 1949-1956 Feng Xiaocai 240

17 Short-Term Stimuli and the Prospects for Long-Term Growth in China Dwight H. Perkins 259

18 Myth of the Social Volcano: Popular Responses to Rising Inequality in China Martin King Whyte 273

Culture, Belief, Practice 291

19 The Making of a Hero: Lei Feng and Some Issues of Historiography Xiaofei Tian 293

20 Rediscovery of the Frontier in Recent Chinese History Xiaoyuan Liu 306

21 The Role of China's Public Intellectuals in the People's Republic of China Merle Goldman 328

22 The End of Intellectuals: Sixty Years of Service, Subversion, and Selling in China Timothy Cheek 339

23 The Politics of National Celebrations in China Chang-Tai Hung 357

The PRC's Future in Light of its Past 373

24 Ming Fever: The Past in the Present in the People's Republic of China at Sixty Michael Szonyi 375

25 The Tenacity of Culture: Old Stories in the New China Paul A. Cohen 388

26 National Minds and Imperial Frontiers: Inner Asia and China in the New Century Mark C. Elliott 401

Concluding Comments Susanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik 413

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